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Città della Pieve, Italy

Senore C.,AOU Citta Della Salute e Della Science | Ederle A.,Ospedale Fracastoro | DePretis G.,UO Gastroenterologia | Magnani C.,University of Piemonte Orientale | And 14 more authors.
Preventive Medicine | Year: 2015

Aim: To estimate the impact of an advance notification letter on participation in sigmoidoscopy (FS) and fecal immunochemical test (FIT) screening. Methods: Eligible subjects, invited in 3 Italian population based programmes using FS and in 5 using FIT, were randomised (1:1:1), within GP, to: A) standard invitation letter; B) advance notification followed after 1. month by the standard invitation; and C) B. +. indication to contact the general practitioner (GP) to get advice about the decision to be screened. We calculated the 9-month attendance and the incremental cost of each strategy. We conducted a phone survey to assess GP's utilization and predictors of participation. Results: The advance notification was associated with a 20% increase in the attendance among 15,655 people invited for FS (B vs A - RR: 1.17, 95% CI: 1.10-1.25; C vs A - RR: 1.19, 95% CI: 1.12-1.27); the incremental cost ranged between 10 and 9 Euros. Participation in FIT screening (N. = 23,543) was increased only with simple pre-notification (B vs A - RR: 1.06, 95% CI: 1.02-1.10); the incremental cost was 22.5 Euros. GP consultation rate was not increased in group C. Conclusions: An advance notification represents a cost-effective strategy to increase participation in FS screening; its impact on the response to FIT screening was limited. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. Source

Biglia N.,Unit of Obstetrics and Gynaecology | Sgandurra P.,Candiolo Cancer Institute FPO | Bounous V.E.,Unit of Obstetrics and Gynaecology | Maggiorotto F.,Candiolo Cancer Institute FPO | And 4 more authors.
ecancermedicalscience | Year: 2016

Objectives: To compare clinical-pathological characteristics and outcome between sporadic ovarian cancer and ovarian cancer in patents with hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome (HBOC). Methods: Twenty-four patients with ovarian cancer treated between 2000 and 2009 who tested positive for BRCA1/2 mutation (BRCA+) and a control group of 64 age-matched patients with no family history of breast/ovarian cancer (controls) were enrolled. Clinical-pathological characteristics, surgical outcome, overall (OS), and progression-free survival (PFS) were compared between the two groups. Results: The high-grade serous histotype was more represented in BRCA+ than in controls (70.8% versus 53.1%) (p > 0.05). BRCA+ cancers were more frequently diagnosed at stage II than controls (20.83% versus 4.69%) (p = 0.024). Radical primary surgery was performed in 70% of women in both groups, with no difference in debulking results. In patients undergoing surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, in all BRCA+ patients, optimal cytoreduction was achieved (versus 70% of the controls). PFS was significantly longer for BRCA+ patients compared to controls (60 months versus 22 months; p = 0.039). No significant difference was observed in OS between BRCA+ patients and controls. Conclusions: At a median follow-up time of 46 months, BRCA+ patients have a better prognosis than controls in terms of PFS. Higher chemosensitivity of BRCA+ tumours was observed. © 2016 the authors. Source

Zorzi M.,Registro Tumori del Veneto | Senore C.,AOU Citta Della Salute e Della Science | Turrin A.,Settore promozione e sviluppo igiene e sanita pubblica | Mantellini P.,Istituto per lo Studio e la Prevenzione Oncologica | And 24 more authors.
Gut | Year: 2015

Objectives To assess the appropriateness of recommendations for endoscopic surveillance in organised colorectal cancer (CRC) screening programmes based on the faecal immunochemical test (FIT). Design 74 Italian CRC screening programmes provided aggregated data on the recommendations given after FIT-positive colonoscopies in 2011 and 2013. Index colonoscopies were divided into negative/no adenoma and low- risk, intermediate-risk and high-risk adenomas. Postcolonoscopy recommendations included a return to screening (FIT after 2 years or 5 years), an endoscopic surveillance after 6 months or after 1 year, 3 years or 5 years, surgery or other. We assessed the deviation from the postcolonoscopy recommendations of the European Guidelines in 2011 and 2013 and the correlation between overuse of endoscopic surveillance in 2011 and the process indicators associated with the endoscopic workload in 2013. Results 49 704 postcolonoscopy recommendations were analysed. High-risk, intermediate-risk and low-risk adenomas, and no adenomas were reported in 5.9%, 19.3%, 15.3% and 51.5% of the cases, respectively. Endoscopic surveillance was inappropriately recommended in 67.4% and 7%, respectively, of cases with low-risk and no adenoma. Overall, 37% of all endoscopic surveillance recommendations were inappropriate (6696/17 860). Overuse of endoscopic surveillance was positively correlated with the extension of invitations (correlation coefficient (cc) 0.29; p value 0.03) and with compliance with post-FIT+ colonoscopy (cc 0.25; p value 0.05), while it was negatively correlated with total colonoscopy waiting times longer than 60 days (cc -0.26; p value 0.05). Conclusions In organised screening programmes, a high rate of inappropriate recommendations for patients with low risk or no adenomas occurs, affecting the demand for endoscopic surveillance by a third. © 2015 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd & British Society of Gastroenterology. Source

Ricardi U.,University of Turin | Franco P.,University of Turin | Munoz F.,AOU Citta Della Salute e Della Science | Levis M.,University of Turin | And 11 more authors.
Cancer Investigation | Year: 2015

External beam radiotherapy (EBRT) is a standard of care in the treatment of prostate cancer. Hypofractionation is a valid option either radiobiologically and logistically in this context. Image-guidance procedures are strongly needed to provide ballistic precision to radiation delivery. The Clarity platform allows for the acquisition of three-dimensional ultrasound scans (3D-US) to perform image-guided radiotherapy.We treated a consecutive series of intermediate-risk prostate cancer patients (according to NCCN stratification) with a hypofractionated schedule (70.2 Gy/26 fractions at 2.7 Gy/daily to the prostate gland excluding the seminal vesicles at 62.1 Gy) under 3D-US guidance with the Clarity platform. The 3-year biochemical-relapse-free survival, distant-metastases-free, cancer-specific and overall survival were 98.6% (CI: 91.1-99.6%), 98.6% (CI: 91.1-99.6%), 97.5% (CI: 94.5-99.1%), and 94.3% (CI: 90.4-96.7%), respectively.Maximum detected acute GU toxicity was G0 in 22 patients (29.7%), G1 in 30 (22.7%), G2 in 19 (25.6%), G3 in 3 (4%). Maximum detected acute GI toxicity at the end of EBRT was G0 in 42 patients (56.8%), G1 in 22 (29.7%), G2 in 9 (12.1%), G3 in 1 (1.4%). The 3-year actuarial rates of ≥ G2 late toxicities were 6.1% for genito-urinary and 8.9% for gastrointestinal. The whole image-guidance workflow resulted in being robust and reliable. EBRT delivered employing a hypofractionated schedule under 3D-US-based image guidance proved to be a safe and effective treatment approach with consistent biochemical control and a mild toxicity profile. Hence, it has been transferred into daily clinical practice in our Department. Copyright © 2015 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc. Source

Popovic M.,University of Turin | Pizzi C.,University of Turin | Rusconi F.,University of Florence | Galassi C.,AOU Citta Della Salute e Della Science | And 5 more authors.
Thorax | Year: 2016

Background Rapid postnatal weight gain has been associated with wheezing and asthma in children, but it remains unclear whether it acts independently of overweight. We aimed to disentangle the roles of infant's size and weight gain velocity in the development of wheezing in early childhood using a novel method that allows for mutual adjustment for different aspects of growth. Methods Data were obtained from the NINFEA questionnaires where weight measurements from birth up to 18 months of age were assessed in 4492 term singletons. Wheezing was defined as at least one episode of wheezing/whistling in the chest occurring between 6 and 18 months of age. The SuperImposition by Translation And Rotation model was used to estimate individual weight trajectories defined by three childspecific parameters: size, velocity and tempo, that is age at peak weight velocity. These parameters were standardised and related to wheezing using logistic regression with effects expressed as an increase of one SD. Results A median of five weight measurements per child were obtained. Infant size (OR=1.28; 95% CI 1.12 to 1.46) and weight gain velocity (OR=1.30; 95% CI 1.15 to 1.48) were independently positively associated with wheezing. We found no evidence of an effect of tempo on infant wheezing. The estimates were changed only minimally after adjustment for potential confounders. Conclusions Faster growth and larger size in the first 18 months of life are both independently associated with an increased risk of wheezing. These findings suggest that early growth patterns play a role in shaping the occurrence of wheezing. © 2016 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd & British Thoracic Society. Source

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