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Clavarezza M.,Ospedale Sacro Cuore Don Calabria | Mustacchi G.,Centro Oncologico | Gardini A.C.,IRST | Del Mastro L.,IRRCS A.O.U. San Martino IST | And 12 more authors.
BMC Cancer | Year: 2012

Background: International treatment guidelines recommend administration of adjuvant chemotherapy in early breast cancer based on clinical, prognostic and predictive parameters.Methods: An observational study (NEMESI) was conducted in 63 Italian oncology centres in patients with early breast cancer. Age, performance status, concomitant disease, menopausal status, histology, tumor dimension (pT), axillary lymph node status (pN), grading (G), estrogen and progesterone receptor (ER and PgR), proliferative index (ki67 or MIB-1), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) and type of adjuvant treatment were recorded. The primary objective of the study was to define parameters influencing the decision to prescribe adjuvant chemotherapy and the type of chemotherapy.Results: Data for 1894 patients were available. 69.0% postmenopausal, 67.0% pT1, 22.3% pTmic/pT1a/pT1b, 61.0% pN0, 48.7% luminal A, 18.1% luminal B, 16.1% HER2 positive, 8.7% triple negative, 8.4% unknown. 57.8% received adjuvant chemotherapy: 38.1% of luminal A, 67.3% luminal B, 88.2% HER2-positive, 97.6% triple negative. Regimens administered: 9.1% CMF-like, 48.8% anthracyclines, 38.4% anthracyclines plus taxanes, 3.7% taxanes alone. Increasing pT/pN and, marginally, HER2-positive were associated with the prescription of anthracyclines plus taxanes. Suboptimal schedules (CMF-like or AC/EC or FEC-75) were prescribed in 37.3% receiving chemotherapy, even in HER2-positive and triple negative disease (36.5% and 34.0%, respectively).Conclusions: This study showed an overprescription of adjuvant chemotherapy for early breast cancer, particularly referred to luminal A. pT, pN and, marginally, HER2 were the principal determinants for the choice of chemotherapy type. Suboptimal chemotherapy regimens were adopted in at least one third of HER2-positve and triple negative. © 2012 clavarezza et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


PubMed | Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, Ospedale Fatebene Fratelli, The Second University of Naples, IRCCS San Martino IST and 22 more.
Type: | Journal: BMJ (Clinical research ed.) | Year: 2016

To test the optimal antithrombotic regimen in patients with acute coronary syndrome.Randomised controlled trial.Patients with acute coronary syndrome with and without ST segment elevation in 78 centres in Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, and Sweden.7213 patients with acute coronary syndrome and planned percutaneous coronary intervention: 4010 with ST segment elevation and 3203 without ST segment elevation. The primary study results in the overall population have been reported previously.Patients were randomly assigned, in an open label fashion, to one of two regimens: bivalirudin with glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors restricted to procedural complications or heparin with or without glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors.Primary endpoints were the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events, defined as death, myocardial infarction or stroke; and net adverse clinical events, defined as major bleeding or major adverse cardiovascular events, both assessed at 30 days. Analyses were performed by the principle of intention to treat.Use of a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor in patients assigned to heparin was planned at baseline in 30.7% of patients with ST segment elevation, in 10.9% without ST segment elevation, and in no patients assigned to bivalirudin. In patients with ST segment elevation, major adverse cardiovascular events occurred in 118 (5.9%) assigned to bivalirudin and 129 (6.5%) assigned to heparin (rate ratio 0.90, 95% confidence interval 0.70 to 1.16; P=0.43), whereas net adverse clinical events occurred in 139 (7.0%) patients assigned to bivalirudin and 163 (8.2%) assigned to heparin (0.84, 0.67 to 1.05; P=0.13). In patients without ST segment elevation, major adverse cardiovascular events occurred in 253 (15.9%) assigned to bivalirudin and 262 (16.4%) assigned to heparin (0.97, 0.80 to 1.17; P=0.74), whereas net adverse clinical events occurred in 262 (16.5%) patients assigned to bivalirudin and 281 (17.6%) assigned to heparin (0.93, 0.77 to 1.12; P=0.43).A bivalirudin monotherapy strategy compared with heparin with or without glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors, did not result in reduced major adverse cardiovascular events or net adverse clinical events in patients with or without ST segment elevation.Trial RegistrationClinicalTrials.gov NCT01433627.


Anselmetti G.C.,IRCC Candiolo | Bonaldi G.,Ospedali Riuniti | Carpeggiani P.,NOCSE | Manfre L.,AO Cannizzaro | And 2 more authors.
Acta Neurochirurgica, Supplementum | Year: 2011

Percutaneous vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty are procedures used to treat pain associated with vertebral compression fractures. Controversies are still open regarding indications, efficacy and safety of the procedures, and regarding the potential benefits, advantages and shortcomings of PV versus KP. Aim of this article is to report 7 years' experience in vertebral augmentation of the E.VE.RES.T. (European VErtebroplasty RESearch Team) group. The main topics are the treatments of hemangioma and malignant lesions, technically challenging cases such as vertebra plana, multifragmented fractures, multilevel treatments, refracture of augmented vertebra, and treatment of cervical junction and sacrum. © 2011 Springer-Verlag/Wien.


PubMed | A.O.R.N. Cardarelli, SantEugenio Hospital and Biomedical University of Rome
Type: | Journal: BioMed research international | Year: 2015

To evaluate a population of asymptomatic thalassemia major (TM) and thalassemia intermedia (TI) patients using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). We supposed that TI group could be differentiated from the TM group based on T2() and that the TI group could demonstrate higher cardiac output.A retrospective analysis of 242 patients with TM and TI was performed (132 males, 110 females; mean age 39.6 8 years; 186 TM, 56 TI). Iron load was assessed by T2() measurements; volumetric functions were analyzed using steady-state-free precession sequences.Significant difference in left-right heart performance was observed between TM with iron overload and TI patients and between TM with iron overload and TM without iron overload (P < 0.05); no significant differences were observed between TM without iron overload and TI patients. A significant correlation was observed between T2() and ejection fraction of right ventricle- (RV-) ejection fraction of left ventricle (LV); an inverse correlation was present among T2() values and end-diastolic volume of LV, end-systolic volume of LV, stroke volume of LV, end-diastolic volume of RV, end-systolic volume of RV, and stroke volume of RV.CMR is a leading approach for cardiac risk evaluation of TM and TI patients.


D'Alterio C.,Instituto per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori Pascale | Portella L.,Instituto per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori Pascale | Ottaiano A.,Instituto per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori Pascale | Rizzo M.,AORN Cardarelli | And 11 more authors.
Current Cancer Drug Targets | Year: 2012

Background: Almost 30% of the sunitinib-treated patients for metastatic renal carcinoma (mRCC) do not receive a clinical benefit. Convincing evidences demonstrated a cross talk between the VEGF and CXCR4 pathways. It was hypothesized that CXCR4 expression in primary renal cancer could predict sunitinib responsiveness. Patients and Methods: In this exploratory study sixty-two mRCC patients receiving sunitinib as first-line treatment were evaluated for CXCR4 expression through immunohistochemistry (IHC). Correlations between CXCR4 expression, baseline patients and tumour characteristics were studied by contingency tables and the chi-square test. Univariable analysis was performed with the log-rank test, and the Cox model was applied for multivariable analysis. Results: The objective response rate of sunitinib first-line therapy was 35.5% (22/62) with a disease control rate (response and stable disease) of 62.9% (39/62). CXCR4 expression was absent/low in 30 (48.4%), moderate in 17 (27.4%), and high in 15 (24.2%) tumors respectively. Low or absent CXCR4 expression predicted response to sunitinib therapy. Moreover, Fuhrman grading and concomitant, CXCR4 and Fuhrman grading, strongly predicted sunitinib first line therapy responsiveness on progression-free survival and overall survival. Conclusions: High CXCR4 expression correlates with sunitinib poor response in metastatic renal cancer. © 2012 Bentham Science Publishers.


Berisso M.Z.,Padre Antero Micone Hospital | Fabbri G.,Coordinating Center | Gonzini L.,Coordinating Center | Caruso D.,Padre Antero Micone Hospital | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine | Year: 2014

AIMS: To provide insights on the antiarrhythmic management of atrial fibrillation among patients enrolled in the Antithrombotic Agents in Atrial Fibrillation (ATA-AF) study, and to assess the adherence of the Italian cardiologists and internists to guidelines recommendations. METHODS AND RESULTS: The ATA-AF study is a multicenter, observational study with prospective data collection on the management and treatment of patients with atrial fibrillation. From March to July 2010, 6910 patients with atrial fibrillation were recruited in 164 Italian Cardiology (Card) and 196 Internal Medicine (IMed) centers. Permanent atrial fibrillation was diagnosed in 50.8%, persistent atrial fibrillation in 24.4%, paroxysmal in 15.5%, and first-detected atrial fibrillation in 9.3% of the patients. Rhythm control (rhyC) strategy was pursued in 27.5% (39.6% Card vs. 12.9% IMed; P<0.0001) and rate control (raC) in 51.4% (43.7% Card vs. 60.7% IMed; P<0.0001); in 21.1% the antiarrhythmic strategy was not defined. Patients assigned to rhyC were younger and with less comorbidities than those assigned to raC. Adjusted multivariable analysis showed that atrial fibrillation type, setting of management, age and site of patient discharge were the most important independent predictors of rhyC assignment. The severity of atrial fibrillation-related symptoms was not associated with rhyC assignment. At discharge, beta-blockers, amiodarone and class 1c antiarrhythmic drugs were the drugs mainly used in the Card centers; and beta-blockers, digitalis, amiodarone and diltiazem/verapamil were used in the IMed centers. Amiodarone was overused in both Card and IMed centers. CONCLUSION: In the present study, rhyC was the strategy mainly pursued by cardiologists and raC by internists; treatment strategy assignment and antiarrhythmic therapy often do not agree with the guideline recommendations. © 2014 Italian Federation of Cardiology.


Ferrone A.,University of Naples Federico II | Brogna B.,The Second University of Naples | Giliberti R.,AORN Cardarelli | Vassallo P.,AORN Cardarelli | De Magistris G.,AORN Cardarelli
Radiology Case Reports | Year: 2016

Persistence of proatlantal artery (PA) is a rare condition. More than 40 cases were described in the literature. Aneurysm may involve the PA itself in approximately 2% of cases, most arising from the internal carotid artery (ICA) side of PA. This case was particular because the PA showed a saccular aneurysm on the posterior wall, probably due to atherosclerosis disease and other alterations: plaque ulcerative of ICA, occlusion of left ICA, and aberrant right VA. © 2016 The Authors


PubMed | AORN Cardarelli, Messina University and University of Naples Federico II
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical pathology | Year: 2016

The incidence of RAS/RAF/PI3KA and TP53 gene mutations in colorectal cancer (CRC) is well established. Less information, however, is available on other components of the CRC genomic landscape, which are potential CRC prognostic/predictive markers.Following a previous validation study, ion-semiconductor next-generation sequencing (NGS) was employed to process 653 routine CRC samples by a multiplex PCR targeting 91 hotspot regions in 22 CRC significant genes.A total of 796 somatic mutations in 499 (76.4%) tumours were detected. Besides RAS/RAF/PI3KA and TP53, other 12 genes showed at least one mutation including FBXW7 (6%), PTEN (2.8%), SMAD4 (2.1%), EGFR (1.2%), CTNNB1 (1.1%), AKT1 (0.9%), STK11 (0.8%), ERBB2 (0.6%), ERBB4 (0.6%), ALK (0.2%), MAP2K1 (0.2%) and NOTCH1 (0.2%).In a routine diagnostic setting, NGS had the potential to generate robust and comprehensive genetic information also including less frequently mutated genes potentially relevant for prognostic assessments or for actionable treatments.


Di Bonito P.,Pozzuoli Hospital | Licenziati M.R.,AORN Santobono Pausilipon | Baroni M.G.,University of Cagliari | Baroni M.G.,University of Rome La Sapienza | And 7 more authors.
Obesity | Year: 2014

Objective To evaluate normoglycemic overweight/obese (Ow/Ob) children whose post-load plasma glucose (2hPG) cut-point may be significantly associated with cardiometabolic risk factors (CMRFs) and whether this cut-point predicts preclinical signs of organ damage. Methods One thousand seven hundred and thrity four normoglycemic Ow/Ob children were stratified into quintiles of 2hPG, the sixth group was constituted by 101 children with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). Results Moving from the lower quintiles of 2hPG to IGT, the groups differed for Prepubertal stage, BMI, fasting PG, insulin levels, blood pressure, and lipids. To evaluate the best cut-off of 2hPG related to CMRFs, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve and the Youden's index was calculated. Insulin resistance, high blood pressure, and high triglyceride/HDL-C ratio were associated with a 2hPG cut-off of 110 mg/dl. Children with 2hPG ≥110 mg/dl showed 1.3-3.2 fold higher risk to have high levels of ALT (as surrogate of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease) or increased carotid intima-media thickness. Conclusions This study, performed in a large cohort of Ow/Ob children, shows that an atherogenic risk profile and preclinical signs of organ damage are associated with post-challenge elevations in plasma glucose still considered in the high normal range. Copyright © 2014 The Obesity Society.


PubMed | IRCCS Foundation SDN, AORN Cardarelli and The Second University of Naples
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Surgical and radiologic anatomy : SRA | Year: 2016

Situs inversus incompletus is a rare congenital condition in which the major abdominal organs are reversed or mirrored from their normal positions. It is often associated with multiple congenital anomalies. We present the case of a 38-year-old woman with dyspnea and a clinical history of chronic kidney disease and kidney transplantation. Echocardiography showed a right atrial mass, and analysis of multidetector computed tomography angiography revealed the interruption of the inferior vena cava with an increase of the azygos vein and azygos continuation. These congenital malformations are often associated with deep vein thrombosis and/or pulmonary thromboembolism and explained the occurrence of dyspnea. Cardiac magnetic resonance with contrast medium confirmed the presence of the right atrial mass, the characteristics of which were attributed to interatrial thrombus, which was further confirmed by the success of thrombolytic therapy and the remission of symptoms. In conclusion, we described a case of situs inversus with levocardia in association with infrahepatic interruption of the inferior vena cava, and azygos continuation with cardiac thrombus and chronic renal failure.

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