Anyang Cancer Hospital

Anyang, China

Anyang Cancer Hospital

Anyang, China
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Sun M.,Peking University | Gao L.,Peking University | Liu Y.,Peking University | Zhao Y.,Peking University | And 7 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

Human papillomavirus type 16 plays a critical role in the neoplastic transformation of cervical cancers. Molecular variants of HPV16 existing in different ethnic groups have shown substantial phenotypic differences in pathogenicity, immunogenicity and tumorigenicity. In this study, we sequenced the entire HPV16 genome of 76 isolates originated from Anyang, central China. Phylogenetic analysis of these sequences identified two major variants of HPV16 in the Anyang area, namely the European prototype (E(p)) and the European Asian type (E(As)). These two variants show a high degree of divergence between groups, and the E(p) comprised higher genetic diversity than the E(As). Analysis with two measurements of genetic diversity indicated that viral population size was relatively stable in this area in the past. Codon based likelihood models revealed strong statistical support for adaptive evolution acting on the E6 gene. Bayesian analysis identified several important amino acid positions that may be driving adaptive selection in the HPV 16 population, including R10G, D25E, L83V, and E113D in the E6 gene. We hypothesize that the positive selection at these codons might be a contributing factor responsible for the phenotypic differences in carcinogenesis and immunogenicity among cervical cancers in China based on the potential roles of these molecular variants reported in other studies. © 2012 Sun et al.

He Z.,Peking University | Liu Y.,Peking University | Sun Y.,Peking University | Xi L.F.,University of Washington | And 9 more authors.
Emerging Infectious Diseases | Year: 2013

To determine prevalence of genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection among men in rural China, we analyzed genital swab specimens. Among 2,236 male residents of rural Henan Province, HPV infection prevalence was 17.5%. The most common oncogenic and nononcogenic types were HPV-16 and HPV-3, respectively. Infection was associated with younger age and multiple sex partners.

Wu C.,Peking Union Medical College | Wu C.,Harvard University | Kraft P.,Harvard University | Zhai K.,Peking Union Medical College | And 35 more authors.
Nature Genetics | Year: 2012

We conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) and a genome-wide gene-environment interaction analysis of esophageal squamous-cell carcinoma (ESCC) in 2,031 affected individuals (cases) and 2,044 controls with independent validation in 8,092 cases and 8,620 controls. We identified nine new ESCC susceptibility loci, of which seven, at chromosomes 4q23, 16q12.1, 17q21, 22q12, 3q27, 17p13 and 18p11, had a significant marginal effect (P = 1.78 × 10-39 to P = 2.49 × 10-11) and two of which, at 2q22 and 13q33, had a significant association only in the gene-alcohol drinking interaction (gene-environment interaction P (P G × E) = 4.39 × 10-11 and P G × E = 4.80 × 10-8, respectively). Variants at the 4q23 locus, which includes the ADH cluster, each had a significant interaction with alcohol drinking in their association with ESCC risk (P G × E = 2.54 × 10-7 to P G × E = 3.23 × 10-2). We confirmed the known association of the ALDH2 locus on 12q24 to ESCC, and a joint analysis showed that drinkers with both of the ADH1B and ALDH2 risk alleles had a fourfold increased risk for ESCC compared to drinkers without these risk alleles. Our results underscore the direct genetic contribution to ESCC risk, as well as the genetic contribution to ESCC through interaction with alcohol consumption. © 2012 Nature America, Inc. All rights reserved.

Liu Y.,Peking University | Lu Z.,Peking University | Xu R.,Anyang Cancer Hospital | Ke Y.,Peking University
Oncotarget | Year: 2016

Integration of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA into the host genome can be a driver mutation in cervical carcinoma. Identification of HPV integration at base resolution has been a longstanding technical challenge, largely due to sensitivity masking by HPV in episomes or concatenated forms. The aim was to enhance the understanding of the precise localization of HPV integration sites using an innovative strategy. Using HPV capture technology combined with next generation sequencing, HPV prevalence and the exact integration sites of the HPV DNA in 47 primary cervical cancer samples and 2 cell lines were investigated. A total of 117 unique HPV integration sites were identified, including HPV16 (n = 101), HPV18 (n = 7), and HPV58 (n = 9). We observed that the HPV16 integration sites were broadly located across the whole viral genome. In addition, either single or multiple integration events could occur frequently for HPV16, ranging from 1 to 19 per sample. The viral integration sites were distributed across almost all the chromosomes, except chromosome 22. All the cervical cancer cases harboring more than four HPV16 integration sites showed clinical diagnosis of stage III carcinoma. A significant enrichment of overlapping nucleotides shared between the human genome and HPV genome at integration breakpoints was observed, indicating that it may play an important role in the HPV integration process. The results expand on knowledge from previous findings on HPV16 and HPV18 integration sites and allow a better understanding of the molecular basis of the pathogenesis of cervical carcinoma.

Guo F.,Peking University | Liu Y.,Peking University | Wang X.,Peking University | He Z.,Peking University | And 14 more authors.
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention | Year: 2012

Background: The risk factors for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in the high-incidence areas of China remain unclear. Methods: A total of 300 patients with ESCC and 900 controls matched for age and sex were enrolled in Anyang (China), a high-risk area for ESCC in China. In tumor tissue of the cases and in esophageal biopsies of controls, the presence of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA was assessed by an SPF1/GP6 +-mediated PCR followed by sequencing. The presence of serum antibody against the HPV-16 E7 oncoprotein was assessed by use of the ELISA. ORs with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated via unconditional logistic regression models. Results: The presence of HPV in the esophagus (OR, 6.4; 95% CI, 4.4-9.2) was associated with increased risk of ESCC. Moreover, infection with "oncogenic" types of HPV (OR, 10.3; 95% CI, 6.3-16.8) was more strongly associated with ESCCthan other types ofHPV(OR, 2.4; 95% CI, 1.4-4.2). The presence of HPV-16 (OR, 12.8; 95% CI, 7.6-21.7) was particularly strongly associated with ESCC. In addition, a higher proportion of cases than controls had serum antibodies against HPV-16 E7 (OR, 6.1; 95% CI, 3.7-10.0). Conclusion and Impact: This study provides the strongest epidemiologic evidence to date in support of the important role of HPV in the development of ESCC in high-incidence areas of China. ©2012 AACR.

PubMed | Anyang Cancer Hospital, Peking University and Shandong University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The Journal of pathology | Year: 2016

Oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) has a generally poor prognosis, due to the lack of effective treatment methods. Immunotherapeutic approaches based on tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) have demonstrated that durable responses are produced in some patients with solid tumours, which suggests the potential feasibility of clinical application of immunotherapy for ESCC. However, many of the basic characteristics of TILs in ESCC are poorly understood, including clonality, specificity and spatial heterogeneity of the response of TILs, which depends on the interaction between antigens and T cell receptors (TCRs). We used ultra-deep sequencing of rearranged genes in TCR -chain (TCR) to profile the basic characteristics of T cells in tumour tissues (four to six regions from each tumour) as well as matched adjacent normal tissue and peripheral blood from seven patients diagnosed with primary ESCC. We found that T cell clones within ESCCs were quite different from those of the peripheral blood and even the adjacent normal tissues in general. Although there was a relatively higher degree of overlap of intratumoural TCR repertoires than those between the tumour and other tissues, intratumoural TCR repertoires were spatially heterogeneous. Due to the restricted sampling, high-throughput TCR sequencing could characterize the diversity and composition of a limited (compartment-dependent) fraction of the respective T cell clones in any individual ESCC, expanding our understanding of immune behaviour and immune response and shedding more light on ESCC immunotherapy. Copyright 2016 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Li X.,Southern Medical University | Zhou F.,Anyang Cancer Hospital | Jiang C.,Southern Medical University | Wang Y.,Institute of Targeted Molecular Medicine | And 7 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

DNA methylation is a critical epigenetic mechanism involved in key cellular processes. Its deregulation has been linked to many human cancers including esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). This study was designed to explore the whole methylation status of ESCC and to identify potential plasma biomarkers for early diagnosis. We used Infinium Methylation 450k array to analyze ESCC tissues (n = 4), paired normal surrounding tissues (n = 4) and normal mucosa from healthy individuals (n = 4), and combined these with gene expression data from the GEO database. One hundred and sixty eight genes had differentially methylated CpG sites in their promoter region and a gene expression pattern inverse to the direction of change in DNA methylation. These genes were involved in several cancer-related pathways. Three genes were validated in additional 42 ESCC tissues and paired normal surrounding tissues. The methylation frequency of EPB41L3, GPX3, and COL14A1 were higher in tumor tissues than in normal surrounding tissues (P<0.017). The higher methylation frequency of EPB41l3 was correlated with large tumor size (P = 0.044) and advanced pT tumor stage (P = 0.001). The higher methylation frequency of GPX3 and COL14A1 were correlated with advanced pN tumor stage (P = 0.001 and P<0.001). The methylation of EPB41L3, GPX3, and COL14A1 genes were only found in ESCC patients' plasma, but not in normal individuals upon testing 42 ESCC patients and 50 healthy individuals. Diagnostic sensitivity was increased when methylation of any of the 3 genes were counted (64.3% sensitivity and 100% specificity). These differentially methylated genes in plasma may be used as biomarkers for early diagnosis of ESCC. © 2014 Li et al.

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