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Antrim, United Kingdom

Harrington C.,Northern Health and Social Care Trust | Rodgers C.,Antrim Area Hospital
BMJ Case Reports | Year: 2014

An underweight 15-year-old boy had a video capsule endoscopy (VCE) to investigate iron deficient anaemia associated with elevated platelet and white cell counts. The suspicion was of subclinical small bowel Crohn's disease after the findings of a radiolabelled white cell scan. The VCE in May 2007 found patchy inflammation and superficial ulcers in the terminal ileum consistent with Crohn's disease. By March 2008, the patient remained asymptomatic but the capsule had not passed. He was treated with steroids to improve the inflammation and allow the capsule to pass. This was unsuccessful. Abdominal X-rays appeared to show that it was in the rectum. CT of the abdomen and pelvis in July 2012 showed that it was actually in the mid-distal ileum within a mass of inflamed and matted small bowel loops. He was last reviewed in March 2014. He has now retained the capsule asymptomatically for 6 years and 10 months. Copyright 2014 BMJ Publishing Group. All rights reserved. Source

Johnston P.J.,Antrim Area Hospital
Prague medical report | Year: 2012

The ganglion impar is an unpaired sympathetic structure located at the level of the sacrococcygeal joint. Blockade of this structure has been utilised to treat chronic perineal pain. Methods to achieve this block often involve the use of fluoroscopy which is associated with radiation exposure of staff involved in providing these procedures. We report a combined loss of resistance injection technique in association with ultrasound guidance to achieve the block. Ultrasound was used to identify the sacrococcygeal joint and a needle was shown to enter this region. Loss of resistance was then used to demonstrate that the needle tip lies in a presacral space. The implication being that any injectate would be located in an adequate position. The potential exception would be a neurodestructive procedure as radiographic control of needle tip in relation to the rectum should be performed and recorded. However when aiming for a diagnostic or local anaesthetic based treatment option we feel that this may become an accepted method. Source

Flannigan C.,Antrim Area Hospital
BMJ case reports | Year: 2011

A male infant was born by emergency caesarean section at 34(+4) weeks for failed induction of labour. Shortly after birth a depression about the same size as the baby's fist was noted over the right parietal region. After careful consideration of the perinatal history and examination findings, the baby was diagnosed with faulty fetal packing. At 3-month follow-up, the defect had completely corrected without intervention. Source

Kenny S.L.,Belfast Health and Social Care Trust | McBride H.A.,Belfast Health and Social Care Trust | Jamison J.,Antrim Area Hospital | Glenn McCluggage W.,Belfast Health and Social Care Trust
American Journal of Surgical Pathology | Year: 2012

Mesonephric adenocarcinomas are rare neoplasms that most commonly arise in the uterine cervix and exceptionally rarely in the uterine corpus. Although the morphologic features of these neoplasms are well described, there has been relatively limited investigation of the immunoprofile. We report a series of 8 mesonephric adenocarcinomas arising in the uterine cervix (7 cases) and corpus (1 case) and undertake a comprehensive immunohistochemical analysis. This includes markers that have not been investigated previously in mesonephric adenocarcinomas but that are commonly used in gynecologic pathology and may be undertaken when other, mainly Mullerian, adenocarcinomas are considered in the differential diagnosis. Linear array human papillomavirus (HPV) genotyping was also performed. Our results broadly confirm the immunohistochemical profile demonstrated in previous studies with the majority of mesonephric adenocarcinomas staining positively with CD10 (6 of 8), epithelial membrane antigen (8 of 8), vimentin (8 of 8), and calretinin (7 of 8). Estrogen receptor was positive in 2, carcinoembryonic antigen in 3, and inhibin in 4 cases. p16 was positive in 5 cases (1 diffuse and strong), despite all being HPV negative (in 1 case, there was insufficient DNA for HPV analysis). Novel findings in our study were the demonstration of nuclear positivity with PAX8 and HMGA2 in 7 cases, CA125 immunoreactivity in all 8 cases, and TTF1 and hepatocyte nuclear factor 1-β staining in 3 cases. As PAX8, CA125, HMGA2, and hepatocyte nuclear factor 1-β are commonly positive in a variety of Mullerian adenocarcinomas arising in the female genital tract, this may result in diagnostic confusion. All cases were WT1 negative. © 2012 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Anderson L.,Cancer Epidemiology and Health Services Research Group | O'Rorke M.,Cancer Epidemiology and Health Services Research Group | Jamison J.,Antrim Area Hospital | Wilson R.,Antrim Area Hospital | Gavin A.,Center for Public Health
Journal of Medical Virology | Year: 2013

There is substantial international variation in human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence; this study details the first report from Northern Ireland and additionally provides a systematic review and meta-analysis pooling the prevalence of high-risk (HR-HPV) subtypes among women with normal cytology in the UK and Ireland. Between February and December 2009, routine liquid based cytology (LBC) samples were collected for HPV detection (Roche Cobas® 4800 [PCR]) among unselected women attending for cervical cytology testing. Four electronic databases, including MEDLINE, were then searched from their inception till April 2011. A random effects meta-analysis was used to calculate a pooled HR-HPV prevalence and associated 95% confidence intervals (CI). 5,712 women, mean age 39 years (±SD 11.9 years; range 20-64 years), were included in the analysis, of which 5,068 (88.7%), 417 (7.3%) and 72 (1.3%) had normal, low, and high-grade cytological findings, respectively. Crude HR-HPV prevalence was 13.2% (95% CI, 12.7-13.7) among women with normal cytology and increased with cytological grade. In meta-analysis the pooled HR-HPV prevalence among those with normal cytology was 0.12 (95% CIs, 0.10-0.14; 21 studies) with the highest prevalence in younger women. HPV 16 and HPV 18 specific estimates were 0.03 (95% CI, 0.02-0.05) and 0.01 (95% CI, 0.01-0.02), respectively. The findings of this Northern Ireland study and meta-analysis verify the prevalent nature of HPV infection among younger women. Reporting of the type-specific prevalence of HPV infection is relevant for evaluating the impact of future HPV immunization initiatives, particularly against HR-HPV types other than HPV 16 and 18. J. Med. Virol. 85:295-308, 2013. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

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