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Clec'h C.,Avicenne Teaching Hospital | Clec'h C.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Gonzalez F.,Avicenne Teaching Hospital | Lautrette A.,Gabriel Montpied Teaching Hospital | And 12 more authors.
Critical Care | Year: 2011

Introduction: In this study, we aimed to assess the association between acute kidney injury (AKI) and mortality in critically ill patients using an original competing risks approach.Methods: Unselected patients admitted between 1997 and 2009 to 13 French medical or surgical intensive care units were included in this observational cohort study. AKI was defined according to the RIFLE criteria. The following data were recorded: baseline characteristics, daily serum creatinine level, daily Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score, vital status at hospital discharge and length of hospital stay. Patients were classified according to the maximum RIFLE class reached during their ICU stay. The association of AKI with hospital mortality with "discharge alive" considered as a competing event was assessed according to the Fine and Gray model.Results: Of the 8,639 study patients, 32.9% had AKI, of whom 19.1% received renal replacement therapy. Patients with AKI had higher crude mortality rates and longer lengths of hospital stay than patients without AKI. In the Fine and Gray model, independent risk factors for hospital mortality were the RIFLE classes Risk (sub-hazard ratio (SHR) 1.58 and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.32 to 1.88; P < 0.0001), Injury (SHR 3.99 and 95% CI 3.43 to 4.65; P < 0.0001) and Failure (SHR 4.12 and 95% CI 3.55 to 4.79; P < 0.0001); nonrenal SOFA score (SHR 1.19 per point and 95% CI 1.18 to 1.21; P < 0.0001); McCabe class 3 (SHR 2.71 and 95% CI 2.34 to 3.15; P < 0.0001); and respiratory failure (SHR 3.08 and 95% CI 1.36 to 7.01; P < 0.01).Conclusions: By using a competing risks approach, we confirm in this study that AKI affecting critically ill patients is associated with increased in-hospital mortality. © 2011 Clec'h et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Kaminski C.,Surgical ICU | Timsit J.-F.,University hospital challon | Timsit J.-F.,Joseph Fourier University | Dubois Y.,University hospital challon | And 12 more authors.
Critical Care | Year: 2011

Introduction: Although Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a leading pathogen responsible for ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), the excess in mortality associated with multi-resistance in patients with P. aeruginosa VAP (PA-VAP), taking into account confounders such as treatment adequacy and prior length of stay in the ICU, has not yet been adequately estimated.Methods: A total of 223 episodes of PA-VAP recorded into the Outcomerea database were evaluated. Patients with ureido/carboxy-resistant P. aeruginosa (PRPA) were compared with those with ureido/carboxy-sensitive P. aeruginosa (PSPA) after matching on duration of ICU stay at VAP onset and adjustment for confounders.Results: Factors associated with onset of PRPA-VAP were as follows: admission to the ICU with septic shock, broad-spectrum antimicrobials at admission, prior use of ureido/carboxypenicillin, and colonization with PRPA before infection. Adequate antimicrobial therapy was more often delayed in the PRPA group. The crude ICU mortality rate and the hospital mortality rate were not different between the PRPA and the PSPA groups. In multivariate analysis, after controlling for time in the ICU before VAP diagnosis, neither ICU death (odds ratio (OR) = 0.73; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.32 to 1.69; P = 0.46) nor hospital death (OR = 0.87; 95% CI: 0.38 to 1.99; P = 0.74) were increased in the presence of PRPA infection. This result remained unchanged in the subgroup of 87 patients who received adequate antimicrobial treatment on the day of VAP diagnosis.Conclusions: After adjustment, and despite the more frequent delay in the initiation of an adequate antimicrobial therapy in these patients, resistance to ureido/carboxypenicillin was not associated with ICU or hospital death in patients with PA-VAP. © 2011 Kaminski et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

PubMed | Bordeaux Teaching Hospital, Bichat Teaching Hospital, Dupuytren Teaching Hospital, Antoine Beclere Teaching Hospital and 2 more.
Type: | Journal: European heart journal | Year: 2016

Aortic stenosis (AS) and transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis (TTR-CA) are both frequent in elderly. The combination of these two diseases has never been investigated.To describe patients with concomitant AS and TTR-CA.Six cardiologic French centres identified retrospectively cases of patients with severe or moderate AS associated with TTR-CA hospitalized during the last 6 years.Sixteen patients were included. Mean SD age was 79 6 years, 81% were men. Sixty per cent were NYHA III-IV, 31% had carpal tunnel syndrome, and 56% had atrial fibrillation. Median (Q1;Q4) NT-proBNP was 4382 (2425;4730) pg/mL and 91% had elevated cardiac troponin level. Eighty-eight per cent had severe AS (n = 14/16), of whom 86% (n = 12) had low-gradient AS. Mean SD interventricular septum thickness was 18 4 mm. Mean left ventricular ejection fraction and global LS were 50 13% and -7 4%, respectively. Diagnosis of TTR-CA was histologically proven in 38%, and was based on strong cardiac uptake of the tracer at biphosphonate scintigraphy in the rest. Eighty-one per cent had wild-type TTR-CA (n = 13), one had mutated Val122I and 19% did not had genetic test (n = 3). Valve replacement was surgical in 63% and via transcatheter in 13%. Median follow-up in survivors was 33 (16;65) months. Mortality was of 44% (n = 7) during the whole follow-up period.Combination of AS and TTR-CA may occur in elderly patients particularly those with a low-flow low-gradient AS pattern and carries bad prognosis. Diagnosis of TTR-CA in AS is relevant to discuss specific treatment and management.

Clec'h C.,Avicenne Teaching Hospital | Clec'h C.,Joseph Fourier University | Darmon M.,Saint Etienne Teaching Hospital | Lautrette A.,Gabriel Montpied Teaching Hospital | And 11 more authors.
Critical Care | Year: 2012

Introduction: Although renal replacement therapy (RRT) is a common procedure in critically ill patients with acute kidney injury (AKI), its efficacy remains uncertain. Patients who receive RRT usually have higher mortality rates than those who do not. However, many differences exist in severity patterns between patients with and those without RRT and available results are further confounded by treatment selection bias since no consensus on indications for RRT has been reached so far. Our aim was to account for these biases to accurately assess RRT efficacy, with special attention to RRT timing.Methods: We performed a propensity analysis using data of the French longitudinal prospective multicenter Outcomerea database. Two propensity scores for RRT were built to match patients who received RRT to controls who did not despite having a close probability of receiving the procedure. AKI was defined according to RIFLE criteria. The association between RRT and hospital mortality was examined through multivariate conditional logistic regression analyses to control for residual confounding. Sensitivity analyses were conducted to examine the impact of RRT timing.Results: Among the 2846 study patients, 545 (19%) received RRT. Crude mortality rates were higher in patients with than in those without RRT (38% vs 17.5%, P < 0.001). After matching and adjustment, RRT was not associated with a reduced hospital mortality. The two propensity models yielded concordant results.Conclusions: In our study population, RRT failed to reduce hospital mortality. This result emphasizes the need for randomized studies comparing RRT to conservative management in selected ICU patients, with special focus on RRT timing. © 2012 Clec'h et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

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