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Batna, Algeria

El Saghir N.S.,American University of Beirut | El-Asmar N.,American University of Beirut | Hajj C.,American University of Beirut | Eid T.,American University of Beirut | And 10 more authors.
Breast | Year: 2011

Multidisciplinary management (MDM) of cancer patients provides better care and is recommended by all authorities and published guidelines. There is very little documentation of MDM practices in low and middle income countries. A survey of 338 practicing oncology specialists from various Arab countries was conducted at four major pan-Arab oncology conferences in the first half of 2010. While 72% of respondents reported having an MDM tumor board, only 49% reported that their tumor boards met on a weekly basis. Of those who do not have a tumor board, 57% attend a tumor board meeting at another hospital within their country. 60% of respondents attend tumor board meetings to seek group opinion and help in the management of their patients. 93% of physicians surveyed agreed that tumor boards should be mandatory. The vast majority of physicians agreed that in the absence of all specialties, " mini tumor boards" should be organized between available specialists at all hospitals that treat cancer patients. © 2011. Source

Kaabi B.,University of Batna | Belaaloui G.,University of Batna | Benbrahim W.,University of Batna | Benbrahim W.,Anti Cancer Center | And 5 more authors.
Pathology and Oncology Research | Year: 2015

Breast cancer (BC) prognosis and risk were associated to obesity, metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Two Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) of the adrenergic receptor-2a gene (ADRA2A): rs1800544 and rs553668, have been associated to these metabolic disorders. We investigated these SNPs in BC risk and prognosis. A total of 102 BC patients and 102 healthy controls were included. The rs1800544 and rs553668 were determined by real-time PCR. Genotypes and haplotypes frequencies between patients and controls, and for different clinico-pathologic parameters were compared. We found a significant association of rs1800544 GG genotype with young age at diagnosis, premenopausal status, higher tumor size, metastasis in lymph nodes, advanced TNM stages and higher Nottingham Prognosis Indicator (NPI) (p < 0.05). There was no association between rs1800544 and SBR stages, Her2, ER and PR statuses and the molecular classification. The rs553668 AA genotype was associated to young age at diagnosis and premenopausal status (p < 0.05). The haplotype GA was associated to the early age of diagnosis (p = 0.03), and the haplotype GG to higher tumor size, lymph node involvement, advanced TNM stages and Her2 positive status (p < 0.05). There was no polymorphism or haplotype association with BC risk (p > 0.05). ADRA2A polymorphism is associated with indicators BC poor prognosis but not with BC susceptibility. This is the first report suggesting that ADRA2A germline gene polymorphism could represent a predictor factor for BC outcome. Further investigation of other ADRA2A polymorphisms in BC risk or prognosis are needed and may lead to a genotype-based therapy. © 2015 Arányi Lajos Foundation Source

Cherbal F.,University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene | Salhi N.,University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene | Bakour R.,University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene | Adane S.,Central Hospital of Algiers | And 2 more authors.
Disease Markers | Year: 2012

Background: BRCA1 and BRCA2 germline mutations predispose heterozygous carriers to hereditary breast/ovarian cancer. However, unclassified variants (UVs) (variants with unknown clinical significance) and missense polymorphisms in BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes pose a problem in genetic counseling, as their impact on risk of breast and ovarian cancer is still unclear. The objective of our study was to identify UVs and missense polymorphisms in Algerian breast/ovarian cancer patients and relatives tested previously for BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes germline mutations analysis. Methods: We analyzed 101 DNA samples from 79 breast/ovarian cancer families. The approach used is based on BRCA1 and BRCA2 sequence variants screening by SSCP or High-Resolution Melting (HRM) curve analysis followed by direct sequencing. In silico analyses have been performed using different bioinformatics programs to individualize genetics variations that can disrupt the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes function. Results: Among 80 UVs and polymorphisms detected in BRCA1/2 genes (33 BRCA1 and 47 BRCA2), 31 were new UVs (10 BRCA1 and 21 BRCA2), 7 were rare UVs (4 BRCA1 and 3 BRCA2) and 42 were polymorphic variants (19 BRCA1 and 23 BRCA2). Moreover, 8 new missense UVs identified in this study: two BRCA1 (c.4066C>A/p.Gln1356Lys, c.4901G>T/p.Arg1634Met) located respectively in exons 11 and 16, and six BRCA2 (c.1099G>A/p.Asp367Asn, c.2636C>A/p.Ser879Tyr, c.3868T>A/p. Cys1290Ser, c.5428G>T/p.Val1810Phe, c.6346C>G/p.His2116Asp and c.9256G>A/p.Gly3086Arg) located respectively in exons 10, 11 and 24, show a damaging PSIC score yielded by PolyPhen2 program and could be pathogenic. In addition, 5 new BRCA} missense UVs out of six that were found to be damaging by PolyPhen2 program, also were deleterious according to SIFT program. The rare BRCA1 UV c.5332G>A/p.Asp1778Asn was found here for the first time in co-occurrence in trans with the deleterious BRCA1 mutation c.798-799delTT/p. Ser267LysfsX19 in young breast cancer patient. Moreover, 10 new identified intronic variants with unknown clinical significance (3 BRCA1 and 7 BRCA2) in the present study, could be considered as benign, because GeneSplicer, SpliceSiteFinder and MaxEntScan prediction programs show no splice site alteration for these variants. Several missense polymorphisms of BRCA1 c.2612C>T/p.Pro871Leu, c.3548A>G/p.Lys1183Arg, c.4837A>G/p.Ser1613Gly and BRCA2 c.865A>C/p.Asn289His, c.1114A>C/p.Asn372His, c.2971A>G/p.Asn991Asp, c.7150C>A/p.Gly2384Lys have been identified with high frequency in patients who were tested negative for BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations. These missense polymorphisms could have a role as susceptibility breast cancer markers in Algerian breast/ovarian cancer families where pathological BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations were not present. Conclusions: For the first time, UVs and missense polymorphisms in BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes have been identified in Algerian breast/ovarian cancer families. Evaluation of breast/ovarian cancer risk induced by the eight new missense UVs and common polymorphisms detected in our present work is on going in a larger study. © 2012 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved. Source

Cherbal F.,University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene | Bakour R.,University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene | Adane S.,Central Hospital of Algiers | Boualga K.,Anti Cancer Center
Breast Disease | Year: 2012

OBJECTIVE: To summarize the knowledge about BRCA1 and BRCA2 germline mutation spectrum in Maghrebian countries. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the literature to determine the impact of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations on hereditary breast/ovarian cancer in the Maghrebian population from Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia. We searched all available data published in Pubmed, Scopus, Cancerlit® databases and other scientific literatures sources. RESULTS: Pathogenic mutations in BRCA1 gene were detected by DNA sequencing in 17.43% (34/195) of analyzed breast/ovarian cancer families from Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia. One common mutation c.798-799delTT was identified in the BRCA1 gene with a frequency of 5.12%. Pathogenic BRCA2 mutations were identified in 11 out 146 families (7.53%). A new common BRCA2 pathogenic mutation c.7235-7236insG was detected in Algerian and Moroccan families. CONCLUSIONS: The Maghrebian population from Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia has just been started to be extensively studied; consequently knowledge of the prevalence and spectrum of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations in these populations is getting dense. The implications of these new findings in regard to genetic testing and counseling are substantial for patients and families at risk. © 2012/2013-IOS Press and the authors. Source

Cherbal F.,University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene | Gaceb H.,University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene | Mehemmai C.,University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene | Saiah I.,University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene | And 4 more authors.
Breast Disease | Year: 2015

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is currently the leading cause of cancer morbidity and mortality among Algerian women. Molecular classification of breast cancer is an important factor for prognosis and clinical outcome. There are limited data regarding molecular breast cancer subtypes among Algerian women. The objective of the present study was to analyze the proportion and distribution of molecular subtypes and to determine their associations with some clinical and tumor characteristics: age at diagnosis, menopausal status, histological type and histological grade. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population included 3014 female breast cancers. We analyzed breast cancers from cancer registries of academic medical oncology service of public hospital of Rouiba, anticancer center of Blida, and anticancer center of Batna. Breast cancers were diagnosed between 2008 and 2013. Molecular subtype classification was done based on immunohistochemical surrogates for ER (Estrogen receptor), PR (Progesterone receptor) and HER2 (human epidermal growth factor receptor-2) status obtained from medical records for 3014 breast cancer patients. Breast cancer subtypes definitions were as follow: Luminal A (ER+ and/or PR+, HER2-), Luminal B (ER+ and/or PR+, HER2+), TNBC (ER-, PR-, HER2-), HER2+ (ER-, PR-, HER2+). Molecular subtypes were correlated with the clinicopathological characteristics of the tumors. RESULTS: The mean age at diagnosis cancer was 48.5 years. Proportions of the luminal A, TNBC, luminal B and HER2+ breast cancer subtypes were 50.59%, 20.80%, 19.67% and 8.92%, respectively. We noted a significant difference in the distribution of age at diagnosis among the four cancer subtypes (P = 0.004). Luminal A, Luminal B, TNBC and HER2+ subtypes were significantly different by premenopausal and postmenopausal status (P = 0.01). Invasive Ductal Carcinoma was the most common histological type in all breast cancer subtypes. Tumors with histological grade 2 and 3 were more common in patients for the four breast cancer subtypes. CONCLUSIONS: For the first time, we report the distribution of molecular breast cancer subtypes and their associations with some clinicopathological characteristics in a large cohort of Algerian women. In our current study, the median age of diagnosis for all breast cancer subtypes was younger than the average age in Europe and America. Luminal A was the most common sub- type in our patients followed by TNBC. The proportion of luminal A subtype was lesser than reported in white women with breast cancer in Europe and America. The proportion of TNBC subtype in Algerian women was higher compared with Caucasian women of European ancestry. This study will contribute in developing optimal clinical trial protocols and personalized management strategies for Algerian breast cancer patients. © 2015 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved. Source

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