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Nanda J.,International Institute for Population Sciences | Adak D.K.,Anthropological Survey of India | Bharati P.,Indian Statistical Institute
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease | Year: 2011

Objective: To investigate the contraceptive practices among adolescent married women of Tamil Nadu state, India. Methods: We used the data of District Level Household Survey-Reproductive Child Health (DLHS-RCH), Round-II which was conducted in two phases (phase-I during 2002-2003 and phase-II during 2003-2004) in Tamil Nadu. The data consist of 25 522 ever-married women. Results: About 92 percent of the subjects are not currently using any of the contraceptive methods. In terms of social characteristics of married women, who were currently using or not using any one of the family planning methods, caste is found to be highly significant (P <0.000). In economic characteristics per cent of using contraception is considerably higher in the women with medium standard of living. Difference between number of children ever born, gravida and using of contraception methods is highly significant (P <0.000). Conclusions: Study is indicative of implementation of new programme, which may increase awareness about family planning programme in Tamil Nadu state. © 2011 Asian Pacific Tropical Medicine Press. Source


Sahani R.,Anthropological Survey of India | Chakrabarty S.,Indian Statistical Institute | Bharati P.,Indian Statistical Institute
Obesity Research and Clinical Practice | Year: 2010

Objective: The aim of the present study is to assess the change in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Nicobarese adults from 1960s to 1999 using WHO recommendations for the classification of overweight and obesity. Methods: The sample includes 774 individuals (424 men and 350 women) during 1960s and 484 individuals (259 men and 225 women) during 1999, aged 20-64 years from Nicobar Islands, India. Height (cm), weight (kg) and sitting height (cm) were measured and BMI (kg/m2) was calculated. Overweight and obesity were defined as BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 and BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2, respectively. Results: There was significant increase of height, weight and BMI among both the men and women of 20-39, and 40 and above years age groups. However, the higher magnitude of increment was observed in 20-39 years. The prevalence of overweight increased from 5.42% to 22.01% among men and from 4% to 21.78% among women, while obese individual was absent during 1960s and the prevalence of obesity increased to 2.70% in men and 8.89% in women. The magnitude of increment was higher among women compared to men. Conclusion: The results indicate remarkable increase in the prevalence of both overweight and obesity among Nicobarese adult in Nicobar Islands. © 2009 Asian Oceanian Association for the Study of Obesity. Source


Nanda J.,Aga Khan Health Service | Adak D.K.,Anthropological Survey of India | Bharati P.,Indian Statistical Institute
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease | Year: 2012

Objective: To provide an approximation of infant and child mortality rate for all the districts of Orissa using CEB (Children Ever Born) and CS (Children Survival) data of Census of India, 2001. And to find out the correlations of IMR and CMR with selected monitoring indicators. Methods: Trussell method has been used in estimating infant and child mortality rate. For a better understanding, the districts were classified into three groups on the basis of estimated infant mortality rate viz. i) infant mortality rate lower than national average, ii) infant mortality rate between state and national average and iii) infant mortality rate more than state average. Results: Study reveals that most of the districts of Orissa are experiencing higher IMR and CMR as compared to estimated IMR and CMR of state average. Only one district of Orissa (Mayurbhanj) has IMR and CMR lower than national average in comparison with other districts of Orissa. On the other hand, 17 districts have an infant mortality between the state and national average, 12 districts have an infant mortality higher than the state average. Conclusion: The ranking of districts helps to identify the backward and most backward districts in reproductive and child health programmes and to intensify the intervention strategies to reduce the infant and child mortality in the state of Orissa. © 2012 Asian Pacific Tropical Medicine Press. Source


Raha O.,Anthropological Survey of India | Sarkar B.,Anthropological Survey of India | Veerraju P.,Andhra University | Sudhakar G.,Andhra University | And 3 more authors.
Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers | Year: 2013

To assess the contribution of the HLA class II region for susceptibility to type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), we investigated the association of HLA class II alleles-DP, DQ, and DRB1. Here, we present an extensive molecular typing for HLA class II alleles and their haplotypes in a Bengali-speaking Indian population of T1DM patients (n=151) and controls (n=151) from West Bengal. HLA typing was done by DNA sequencing using a 3730 DNA Analyzer. The individual analysis of each gene gave the following alleles to be higher in cases than in controls, thus making them susceptible alleles-DPA1*020103, DPB1*020102, DQA1*050101, DQA1*0201, and DQB1*020101G. Similarly, the following alleles are protective alleles in our study-DPA1*010602, DPB1*040101, DQA1*010201, DQA1*0103, and DRB1*15. Our result confidently establishes that HLA-DP allelic, and its haplotypic, diversity contributes significantly to the risk for T1DM. The DQA1*0103 allele is a novel allele with a significant association with the protection from T1DM. Among the various haplotypes tested, the DQA1*0201:DQB1*020101G, DQA1*050101:DQB1*020101G, and DQA1*0201:DQB1*030101G were the most frequently found in T1DM patients. In India, very few investigations have been undertaken to study the impact of the genetic background on the risk to develop T1DM in its population, where the annual average incidence is 10.5/100,000/year. In conclusion, the present study highlights the genetic effect of HLA haplotypes that contributes to the susceptibility to T1DM. © Copyright 2013, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2013. Source


Mandal C.R.,Anthropological Survey of India | Adak D.K.,Anthropological Survey of India | Biswas S.S,West Bengal State University | Bharati P.,Indian Statistical Institute
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease | Year: 2011

Objective: To investigate the nutritional status of the males and females in two subgroups of the Bhotia tribe (Marcha and Tolcha) inhabiting in three different altitudes in Uttaranchal, India. Methods: Data were collected from the Tolcha and Marcha, two sub-groups of the Bhotia, inhabiting in Chamoli district of Uttaranchal. Bhotia adults of both sexes were considered. Field investigation was conducted in three ecological zones (high, middle and low altitude) of the district during April-August, in the years 2002-2004. Anthropometric measurements were obtained in accordance with the techniques recommended by Weiner and Lourie (1981). The variables like height, weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, waist-hip ratio and blood pressure were studied in relation to BMI. Results: Relatively higher value of mean BMI is recorded among the females than that of the males, which is true for different altitudes, in both subgroups. The BMI also indicates an inverse relationship with altitude, except for the Tolcha males in high altitude. Lowest mean BMI is recorded in middle altitude among the Tolcha subgroup. Chronic energy deficient (CED) individuals are much more than twice the number among the males of both the subgroups inhabiting in different altitudes. Interestingly, the percentage of CED individuals increases with the altitude. Conclusions: Regression analysis indicates that height, weight, hip circumference and waist circumference are dependent on body mass index in the studied populations. Probable reason for poor nutrition status among the Tolcha and Marcha of high altitude might be due to the fact that the Tolcha and Marcha of high altitude consume lesser amount of proteins, fat, milk and milk products in general than their counterpart inhabit in lower and middle altitude. © 2011 Asian Pacific Tropical Medicine Press. Source

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