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The aim of this study was to determine the seropositivity of Toxoplasma gondii in female patients admitted to the outpatient clinic of Antalya Training and Research Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. The seropositivity of Toxoplasma gondii was investigated with the "chemiluminescence immunoassay" method from August 2008 to May 2011. Toxoplasma seropositivity was 33.4% and the rate of seropositivity increased with age (p < 0.05). There has been a statistically significant gradual increase in Toxoplasma gondii IgM seropositivity between 2008 to 2011. Toxoplasmosis seropositivity in pregnant women is increasing in our area. In order to avoid congenital toxoplasmosis and the possible complications of pregnancy Toxoplasma gondii surveilans studies should be planned. Source

Sahbaz A.,Bulent Ecevit University | Erol O.,Antalya Egitim Ve Arastirma Hastanesi
Turk Jinekoloji ve Obstetrik Dernegi Dergisi | Year: 2014

Cervical cancer is the third most common gynecological cancer type in the world and approximately 500.000 women diagnosed as cervical cancer, annually. Human papilloma virus (HPV)-DNA presence was showed in about 95% of the cervical cancer cases. There are two types of over-the-counter HPV vaccine approved by Food and Drug Administration (FDA) named as bivalent and quadrivalent vaccine. World Health Organization (WHO), recommends HPV vaccination in order to prevent cervical cancer cases. Due to higher rates of HPV infection during the beginning of sexually active periods of life, vaccination is recommended prior to HPV infection. Most of the developed countries select individuals between 12-17 years of age as the target population in the national vaccination program. According to 2010 data, 33 countries in the world implemented national HPV vaccination program, however most of the countries where cervical cancer incidence is high do not have a vaccination program and policy. Source

Infection with Toxoplasma gondii usually does not cause clinical symptoms in humans, but an acute infection during pregnancy can lead to congenital toxoplasmosis. Infection in early pregnancy may cause abortion, stillbirth or serious abnormalities of the fetus. In this study, determination of T. gondii seroprevalence among women of childbearing age who presented to our hospital's clinics is aimed. Toxoplasma IgM antibodies were investigated in 5013 sera and Toxoplasma IgG in 2986 sera of women between 15-49 years, in our hospital central laboratory, between 01 November 2008 and 31 August 2010. Eighty-nine (1.8%) seras were detected positive for Toxoplasma IgM and 968 (32.4%) for Toxoplasma IgG antibodies. It has been determined that 67.6% of women in the province of Antalya and its surroundings are susceptible to acute Toxoplasma infection during childbearing age and their babies are an at risk group for congenital toxoplasmosis. Source

Nur H.,Antalya Egitim Ve Arastirma Hastanesi | Toraman N.F.,Antalya Egitim Ve Arastirma Hastanesi
Turk Osteoporoz Dergisi | Year: 2011

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of vertebral fractures on quality of life in postmenopausal osteoporosis. Material and Methods: 158 postmenopausal women were included in this study. Lumbar spine and proximal femur bone mineral density (BMD) were measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). Dorsal and lumbar lateral radiographs were taken to evaluate vertebral fractures. Anterior, middle and posterior segment heights were measured and the vertebra having 20 percent height loss compared to neighboring vertebra was accepted to be fractured. Quality of life was evaluated using the Quality of Life Questionnaire of the European Foundation of Osteoporosis (QUALEFFO). The patients were divided into three subgroups as osteopenia, osteoporosis without vertebral fracture and osteoporosis with vertebral fracture according to BMD and vertebral fracture status. Results: Age and duration of menopause of the group with vertebral fracture were significantly higher than the other groups (p<0.01). Lumbar spine, femoral neck and total t scores in the osteoporosis and osteoporosis with vertebral fracture groups were lower than those in the osteopenia group (p<0.01). In the assessment of quality of life, physical function, general health perception, mental function and total QUALEFFO scores in the group with vertebral fracture were significantly higher than those in the osteopenia group, while the general health perception and total QUALEFFO scores of the same group were significantly higher than those of the osteoporosis group without vertebral fracture (p<0.05). Conclusion: The quality of life of osteoporotic women with vertebral fracture was significantly lower than the osteoporotic women without vertebral fracture and osteopenic women, while there was no significant difference between osteoporotic and osteopenic groups. In postmenopausal osteoporotic women vertebral fractures have more adverse effects on quality of life rather than the changes in BMD. Source

Celik T.,Antalya Egitim Ve Arastirma Hastanesi | Celik U.,Antalya Egitim Ve Arastirma Hastanesi
Cocuk Enfeksiyon Dergisi | Year: 2012

The disorder known as 'PANDAS syndrome' (paediatric autoimmune neuro-psychiatric disorders associated with Streptococci) consists of an abrupt onset of obsessive-compulsive symptoms and/or movement disorders, a pre-pubertal onset, and an episodic course. In this paper, the latest research findings on diagnosis and treatment in PANDAS were reviewed with a pediatric perspective. © 2012 by Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society. Source

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