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Zhang Y.,Tianjin Medical University | Li H.,Jinmei Group General Hospital | Lang X.,Tianjin Medical University | Zhuo C.,Anning Hospital of Tianjin City | And 2 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Abnormal corpus callosum (CC) has been reported in childhood trauma-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however, the nature of white matter (WM) integrity alterations in the CC of young adult-onset PTSD patients is unknown. In this study, 14 victims of a coal mine gas explosion with PTSD and 23 matched coal miners without experiencing the coal mine explosion were enrolled. The differences in fractional anisotropy (FA) within 7 sub-regions of the CC were compared between the two groups. Compared to the controls, PTSD coal miners exhibited significantly reduced FA values in the anterior sub-regions of the CC (P < 0.05, Bonferroni-corrected), which mainly interconnect the bilateral frontal cortices. Our findings indicated that the anterior part of the CC was more severely impaired than the posterior part in young adult-onset PTSD, which suggested the patterns of CC impairment may depend on the developmental stage of the structure when the PTSD occurs. © 2015 Zhang et al. Source


Zhang Q.,Tianjin Medical University | Zhuo C.,Anning Hospital of Tianjin City | Lang X.,Tianjin Medical University | Li H.,Jinmei Group General Hospital | And 2 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Investigations on hippocampal and amygdalar volume have revealed inconsistent results in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Little is known about the structural covariance alterations between the hippocampus and amygdala in PTSD. In this study, we evaluated the alteration in the hippocampal and amygdalar volume and their structural covariance in the coal mine gas explosion related PTSD. High resolution T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed on coal mine gas explosion related PTSD male patients (n = 14) and non-traumatized coalminers without PTSD (n = 25). The voxel-based morphometry (VBM) method was used to test the inter-group differences in hippocampal and amygdalar volume as well as the inter-group differences in structural covariance between the ipsilateral hippocampus and amygdala. PTSD patients exhibited decreased gray matter volume (GMV) in the bilateral hippocampi compared to controls (p<0.05, FDR corrected). GMV covariances between the ipsilateral hippocampus and amygdala were significantly reduced in PTSD patients compared with controls (p<0.05, FDR corrected). The coalminers with gas explosion related PTSD had decreased hippocampal volume and structural covariance with the ipsilateral amygdala, suggesting that the structural impairment of the hippocampus may implicate in the pathophysiology of PTSD. © 2014 Zhang et al. Source


Zhuo C.,Anning Hospital of Tianjin City | Wang Y.,Chinese Peoples Liberation Army | Wang X.,Chinese Peoples Liberation Army | Wang Y.,Anning Hospital of Tianjin City | Chen Y.,Anning Hospital of Tianjin City
Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry | Year: 2011

Ischemic postconditioning (IPC) represents one of the most effective cardioprotective strategies against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion. Depression is commonly present in patients with coronary heart disease. However, whether depression interferes with the cardioprotection of IPC during myocardial ischemia/reperfusion and their underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. Isolated hearts from chronic mild stress induced-depressed rats and non-depressed rats were subjected to 30 min of regional ischemia followed by 120 min of reperfusion in the presence or absence of IPC (consisting of 6 cycles of 10 s of reperfusion and 10 s of ischemia immediately after the sustained ischemia). Myocardial infarct size, creatine kinase (CK) and cardiac troponin T (cTnT) release, cardiac function and phosphorylated AKT and signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT-3) were measured. IPC significantly prevented the hearts from myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury by decreasing infarct size, and CK and cTnT release in coronary effluent, and improving cardiac functional recovery in non-depressed rats. However, these cardioprotective effects of IPC were not observed in depressed rats. In addition, IPC had no effects on the phosphorylation of AKT and STAT-3 at reperfusion in depressed hearts, although it markedly increased the phosphorylation of AKT and STAT-3 at reperfusion in non-depressed hearts. In conclusion, these data indicate that cardioprotection by IPC is abolished during myocardial ischemia/reperfusion in depressed rats, and the underlying mechanisms are probably related to the impaired activation of AKT and STAT-3 at reperfusion. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

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