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Purpose: In this study, we investigated the effect of lapatinib plus capecitabine treatment in HER2-positive breast cancer patients with brain metastasis. Methods: Of 405 metastatic breast cancer patients with brain metastases at referral centers in Turkey, 46 were treated with lapatinib plus capecitabine only after the development of brain metastasis. Patients who only received trastuzumab-based therapy after the development of brain metastases were accepted as the historic control group for survival analyses (n = 65). Patients who received both drugs consecutively or sequentially were excluded from the analyses (n = 34). Results: Median age among 46 patients who received lapatinib plus capecitabine therapy was 45 years (27-76), and median time for development of brain metastases was 11.9 months (0-69 months). Twenty-six out of 38 patients who received lapatinib plus capecitabine and had extracranial metastasis showed partial response or stable diseases (68.4 %). Grade 3-4 toxicity was observed in eight patients (17.3 %). Median overall survival (OS) in patients treated with lapatinib plus capecitabine was significantly increased compared to that in patients treated with trastuzumab-based therapy (19.1 vs. 12 months, respectively, p = 0.039). The incidence of cerebral death was slightly decreased in patients who received lapatinib plus capecitabine compared to those who received trastuzumab-based therapy (32 vs. 43.4 %, p = 0.332). In the multivariate analysis, lapatinib plus capecitabine therapy remained an independent positive predictor for survival [odds ratio (OR), 0.57; p = 0.02]. Discussion: Although this retrospective multicenter study had several limitations, the results suggest that undergoing lapatinib plus capecitabine therapy after the diagnosis of brain metastasis may further improve survival compared to undergoing only trastuzumab-based therapy. © 2013 The Japanese Breast Cancer Society. Source


Kaplan M.A.,Dicle University | Isikdogan A.,Dicle University | Koca D.,Dokuz Eylul University | Kucukoner M.,Dicle University | And 21 more authors.
Oncology (Switzerland) | Year: 2012

Background: The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between the survival outcomes and biological subtype in breast cancer patients with brain metastases. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated clinical data from 422 breast cancer patients with brain metastases between 2001 and 2011 from referral centers in Turkey. The study population was divided into four biological subtypes according to their hormone receptor status and HER2 expression. Results: Systemic treatment prolonged median overall survival (OS) after brain metastases in the entire group (14 vs. 3.2 months, p < 0.001). It also prolonged median OS after brain metastases in the triple negative (7.5 vs. 1.6 months, p = 0.010) and luminal A (14.3 vs. 7.1 months, p = 0.003) subgroups. The median OS for untreated patients, chemotherapy and/or hormonal therapy receiving patients, and chemotherapy and/or hormonal therapy plus targeted therapy receivers was 2, 5.8, and 17.7 months, respectively (p < 0.001), in the HER2-overexpressing subgroup. In the luminal B subgroup, it was 3.7, 5.3, and 15.4 months, respectively (p = 0.003). Conclusions: The use of systemic therapy improves OS after brain metastases in all biological subgroups. Targeted therapies also improve OS after brain metastases in HER2-positive patients. The combined use of targeted therapies and lapatinib are superior to single use and trastuzumab, respectively, in these patients. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

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