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Ergin M.,Gaziosmanpaşa University | Ergin I.,Cevdet Aykan State Hospital | Dural K.,Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital | Yeginsu A.,Gaziosmanpaşa University | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Clinical and Analytical Medicine | Year: 2011

Aim The aim of this study was to investigate the medical and forensic importance of thorax computed tomography in stable patients with blunt chest trauma. Material and Methods Fifty patients with blunt chest injury were retrospectively evaluated with chest radiography and thorax computed tomography in the first 24 hours after trauma. Patient demographics, thoracic lesions, management options, and forensic assessment were rewieved. Results The most common lesion of the study was rib fracture. Thorax computed tomography was significantly superior to chest radiography in detecting thoracic lesions. Sixty eight (33%) occult lesions were detected. Forty six (18%) of these were life threatening that not detected with plain chest radiography. Associated injuries were present in 33 (66%) patients. Pelvic and extremity fractures were the most common injury. Thorax computed tomography was significantly superior to chest radiography in detecting pneumothorax, hemothorax and lung contusion. Eightyone life threatening lesions were detected and 50 (61%; pneumothorax 13, hemothorax 24, lung contusion 9, and pneumomediastinum 4) of these lesions could not be detected with plain chest radiography. The clinical management [in 15 patients (30%)], and the forensic assesment was changed [in 14 (28%)] patients were changed. Conclusion We concluded that using Computed Tomography of the thorax in thoracic travmas prive meticulous assesment in management of patients and forensic issues.

PubMed | Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital Ankara, Isparta State Hospital Anesthesia and Critical Care Unit Isparta, Suleyman Demirel University of Turkey, Izmir Bozyaka Education and Research Hospital Izmir and Antalya Education and Research Hospital Antalya
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of clinical and experimental medicine | Year: 2014

Minimally invasive surgical techniques have attracted interest in all surgical specialties since 1980. The thyroidectomy technique requires meticulous surgical dissection, absolute hemostasis, en bloc tumor resection and adequate visualization of the operative field, all of which can be accomplished with minimally invasive techniques.The study group comprised all patients undergoing MITS from its introduction in 2010 until July 2012. All data were prospectively recorded in the Elbistan Hospital and Suleyman Demirel University in Turkey. This study was designed to demonstrate our experience with mini-incision-technique in thyroidectomy.Over the 2-year period, 37 patients underwent bilateral MITS procedures. The procedure made with a small (2.5 cm) anterior incision made above the isthmus. The final diagnoses were benign multinodular goitre (37%), follicular adenoma (28%) incidental carcinoma (11%), Hashimotos thyroiditis (15%), Hurtle cell adenoma (5%), subacute thyroiditis (3%), residual thyroid-non carcinoma (2%), simple cyst (1%), diffuse hyperplasia (1%) and other (1%). Of the carcinomas, 80% were papillary thyroid cancer, 13% were follicular, and the remaining 7% were Hurtle cell carcinomas. We dont need to extend our incision in any cases. Two patients had temporary recurrent laryngeal nevre paresis and one patient had temporary hypocalcemia.It is not easy to demonstrate the advantages of MIT over conventional and video-assisted surgery. The main complications, such as nerve injury, hypoparathyroidism, or hemorrhage, are the same as in other surgical approaches. MIT has demonstrated advantages over conventional open approaches for both hemi- and total thyroidectomy and the benefits do not depend on the open or video-assisted approach. The anterior mini-incision approach can be performed with an operative time and postoperative complication profile equivalent to conventional thyroidectomy while providing excellent cosmesis with a 2 cm scar in both total thyroidectomy and lobectomies.

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