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Yildiz B.D.,Ankara Numune Training Hospital | Sulu B.,Kafkas University
Canadian Journal of Plastic Surgery | Year: 2013

background: Postoperative management of patients after modified radical mastectomy has evolved over the past decades. In the early postoperative period, wound complication rates were reported to be as high as 60%. Flap necrosis after modified radical mastectomy is a common problem encountered by surgeons. Various treatment strategies have been proposed in the literature but none have addressed the use of dextran-40. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether dextran-40 infusion improves skin flap viability after modified radical mastectomy. Methods: Twenty-eight patients who underwent modified radical mastectomy were randomly assigned to receive dextran-40 or no dextran-40 intraoperatively after flap dissection. Patients were followed prospectively over a five-year period in a community hospital. The incidence of postmastectomy skin flap necrosis and prognosis of the necrotic area after dextran- 40 infusion was observed. Results: Flap necrosis was observed in five (17.8%) patients. Hypertension and diabetes mellitus were found to be risk factors for the development of flap necrosis (P<0.05). Flap thickness and tension on the flaps were found to be related to flap necrosis. Six of seven patients with flap perfusion problems (ecchymosis or necrosis) underwent dextran-40 treatment and healed without graft replacement. Conclusions: Dextran-40 treatment did not affect development of flap necrosis. However, if necrosis had already developed, the necrotic area of the skin flaps improved with dextran-40 treatment. ©2013 Canadian Society of Plastic Surgeons. All rights reserved.

Tunc L.,Gazi University | Guven S.,University of Konya | Gurbuz C.,SSK Goztepe Training Hospital | Gozen A.S.,SLK Kliniken Heilbronn | And 5 more authors.
Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons | Year: 2013

Background and Objectives: The objectives of this study were to investigate the effectiveness of the applied laparoscopic urology course using a validated checklist and to determine any differences in laparoscopic skills achieved by the participants at the end of the course period based on whether they began their training in a dry or wet laboratory. Methods: To facilitate the mastering of challenging laparoscopic skills by urologists, a unique 3-day mini-training program was established at the Gulhane Military Academy of Medicine, Surgical Research Center, Ankara, Turkey. Only 30 trainees were accepted in each course, and they were divided into 3 subgroups. The primary outcome of the study was the changes in the performance and task accomplishment duration of the trainees at the beginning compared with the end of the course. The secondary outcome was any differences in the basic skills of the trainees based on whether they started their training in the dry or wet laboratory. Results: The overall laparoscopic skills, which were evaluated by use of a standardized laparoscopic suturing task score, significantly improved (18.8 to 26.0, P <.001), and the time needed for task accomplishment decreased throughout the course (9.5 minutes to 5.25 minutes, P =.002). With respect to the course design, laparoscopic skills scores and the times needed for task accomplishment showed no statistically significant changes at the end of the course despite the fact that the trainees had started their training at different stages. Conclusion: The applied short-term laparoscopy course was shown to be an effective format particularly for achieving laparoscopic skills in which suturing and knotting are essential. This is mainly achieved through close cooperation in dry and wet laboratories. © 2013 by JSLS, Published by the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons, Inc.

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