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Bahmani H.R.,Ferdowsi University of Mashhad | Tahmoorespur M.,Ferdowsi University of Mashhad | Aslaminejad A.A.,Ferdowsi University of Mashhad | Abbasi M.A.,Animal science Research Institute of Iran | Ebnabbasi R.,Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center of Iran
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances | Year: 2011

Decline of native area, population size and breeding herds are indicators of imminent danger of breed extinction in the near future. Because of occurrence and continuation of these conditions for Markhoz goat population, this research was conducted to determine its spread, latest demographic data and the most important criteria and degree of endangerment. Data were collected through interview with the herders and monitoring the flocks in their native area and other locations in mating season. Distribution map was prepared using GIS and demographic data were used to evaluate Degree of Endangerment (DE). In the latest year, population size, the number of breeding females and males, effective population size and inbreeding rate were 2456, 1332, 70, 266 heads and 0.19% in each generation, respectively. Except for inbreeding rate, other criteria in 2009 were lower than those in 2008. In this study, herders mentioned economic factors as the main reason for decreasing of the population. Investigation of criteria in four major evaluation systems to determine DE showed that Markhoz goat is in demographic and geographical risks and imminent danger of decreasing variation within breed. Intense concentration of 77% of its population within a circle of 7 km radius has exposed the breed at the risk of epidemic diseases and other natural disasters. Thus, the primary conservational measures by the government as well as complimentary studies for providing comprehensive conservation program appear to be necessary. © Medwell Journals, 2011.


Shaviklo A.R.,Animal Science Research Institute of Iran | Dehkordi A.K.,Hajim Daneh Food Complex | Zangeneh P.,Hajim Daneh Food Complex
Journal of International Food and Agribusiness Marketing | Year: 2015

Response surface methodology (Box-Behnken design) was used to optimize the seasoning ingredients of popped popcorn. Children’s liking of seasoned popcorn was also determined by 120 school children. The results indicated that seasoning of popcorn with fish protein powder and omega-3 fish oil could produce accepted snacks that would be more nutritious than the widely consumed regular popcorn. Fortification of popcorn with 9% fish protein powder and/or 6% omega-3 fish oil did not influence the sensory attributes of the prototypes. Liking test revealed that children in the age range of 6 to 12 years liked the selected fortified products. This fortification also provided another avenue for cereal snack food diversification and might be a healthy option to boost children’s nutritional intake and to increase fish protein consumption. Such products are good choices for health-conscious consumers. © 2015, Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


Tajabadi N.,University Putra Malaysia | Tajabadi N.,Animal Science Research Institute of Iran | Mardan M.,University Putra Malaysia | Abdul Manap M.Y.,University Putra Malaysia | And 3 more authors.
Apidologie | Year: 2011

This is the first assay that describes the isolation and identification of strains and species of Lactobacillus from the honey stomach of the Asiatic giant honeybee, Apis dorsata. Samples of honeybees were collected from A. dorsata colonies in different bee trees, and Lactobacillus was isolated from honey stomachs using selective media. The isolates were Gram-stained and tested for catalase reaction. The 16S rRNA genes from extracted DNA of bacterial colonies were amplified with polymerase chain reaction using lactobacilli genus primers (27F and 1492R). All bacterial 16S rRNA genes were sequenced and deposited in GenBank. The 34 isolated strains yielded three distinct rRNA sequences of 15 different strains. Lactobacillus sequences isolated from the bees' honey stomachs were comprised of Lactobacillus kunkeei related-sequences (56%) with other abundant sequences being related to other Lactobacillus sp. (38%) and Lactobacillus vermiform (6%). These strains can be good candidates for potential application as probiotics in honeybees and also as natural food preservatives, which, in turn, may be useful in the food industry. © INRA, DIB-AGIB and Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2011.


In this study twenty-four male and female one-humped (6 males and 6 females) and crossbred (C. dromedarius × C. bactrianus) (6 males and 6 females) camels were grown for six and nine months by completely randomized design. Camels were slaughtered and percentages of meat, total fat and bone of six cuts of carcasses (leg, shoulder, breast, loin, flank and neck) were determined. The dry matter, protein, fat, mineral content (Ca, K, Mg, P, Na, Zn and Fe), ash, non-protein nitrogenous (NPN), and gross energy from six cuts were measured. Results indicated that carcasses from the crossbred group had significantly (P <. 0.05) higher muscle content (57.6. ±. 1.53) than Dromedary camels (56.7. ±. 1.52). The ratio of meat to bone (M. /B) in leg cut of crossbred and one-humped camel meats was 3.1 and 3.0 respectively. The carcass fat content of the crossbred group was significantly (P ≤. 0.05) lower (13.2% DM) than for Dromedary camel group (14.2% DM). The proximate composition of muscle samples from six regions revealed that the moisture percentage of dromedary camels was lower than crossbred camels. The protein percentage in various cuts from crossbred group carcasses was significantly (P ≤. 0.05) higher than those from Dromedary camels. The NPN percentage of female camel meat was higher than male camel samples and was significantly different (P ≤. 0.05) in leg and neck cuts. Although, there was no difference in meat energy content between the two breed groups, meat samples from camels grew for 9 months had significantly (P <. 0.001) higher energy content than those fattened for 6 months. Mineral contents of meat were significantly (P <. 0.05) affected by growth periods. Results of this study indicated that carcass characteristics improved and nutritional value increased during growth periods of crossbreed camels. © 2015.


Mehmannavaz Y.,Islamic Azad University at Tehran | Amirinia C.,Animal Science Research Institute of Iran | Bonyadi M.,University of Tabriz | Torshizi R.V.,Tarbiat Modares University
African Journal of Microbiology Research | Year: 2010

The effects of Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 polymorphism were examined on milk production traits and genetic trends in the Iranian Holstein bulls. A total of 282 bulls were genotyped for SnaBI restriction site in the 5' flanking region of IGF-1 by applying PCR-RFLP method. The allele frequencies for C and T alleles were 0.562 and 0.438, respectively. The results indicated that genetic variants at the 5'-noncoding region of the bovine IGF-1 gene had a marked effect on estimated breeding values of milk (EBVM) and fat yields (EBVF). The heterozygous bulls (CT genotype) had higher EBVM and EBVF than homozygous bulls (P < 0.1). The average substitution effects of alleles were not significant for none of studied traits (P > 0.1). The studied polymorphism of IGF-1 showed no significant association with genetic trends of milk related traits (P > 0.1). These results suggest that allelic interaction in IGF-1 polymorphism as over dominance and might be effectiveness in animal improving by crossbreeding. © 2010 Academic Journals.


Movahedin M.R.,Islamic Azad University at Karaj | Amirinia C.,Animal Science Research Institute of Iran
African Journal of Biotechnology | Year: 2010

This study describes genetic variation among samples of Iranian Holstein cattle (Bos taurus) by using microsatellite markers. Semen samples of individuals were taken followed by DNA extraction. A panel of 13 microsatellites was used for evaluation of 13 loci in 68 Holstein proofed bulls. Mean value for allele per locus detected is 6.615, ranging from 10 (SPS115) to 4 (ETH3). All the microsatellite DNA markers showed high polymorphism and displayed a relatively high level of genetic variation as estimated by allelic diversity and heterozygosity. Estimated heterozygosities ranged from 1.000 (BM2113, TGLA122, TGLA126, ETH3, MGTG4B, SPS115, TGLA227 and INRAO23) to 0.633 (SPS113) with mean value of 0.946. All the loci showed deviation from Hardy- Weinberg equilibrium (p < 0.001), polymorphism information content (PIC) calculated for each marker exceeded 0.6 and the mean value of Shannon information index was estimated to be 1.606. Obtained results showing heterozygousity can be useful for the development of breeding strategies for genetic improvement in Iranian Holstein cattle. © 2010 Academic Journals.


Ghafouri-Kesbi F.,Animal Science Research Institute of Iran
Genetics and Molecular Biology | Year: 2010

The aim of this study was to monitor changes in genetic size of a small-closed population of Iranian Zandi sheep, by using pedigree information from animals born between 1991 and 2005. The genetic size was assessed by using measures based on the probability of identity-by-descend of genes (coancestry, f, and effective population size, Ne), as well as measures based on probability of gene origin (effective number of founders, fe, effective number of founder genomes, fg, and effective number of non-founder genomes, fne). Average coancestry, or the degree of genetic similarity of individuals, increased from 0.81% to 1.44% during the period 1993 to 2005, at the same time that Ne decreased from 263 to 93. The observed trend for fe was irregular throughout the experiment in a way that fe was 68, 87, 77, 92, and 80 in 1993, 1996, 1999, 2002, and 2005, respectively. Simultaneously, fg, the most informative effective number, decreased from 61 to 35. The index of genetic diversity (GD) which was obtained from estimates of fg, decreased about 2% throughout the period studied. In addition, a noticeable reduction was observed in the estimates of fne from 595 in 1993 to 61 in 2005. The higher than 1 ratio of fe to fg indicated the presence of bottlenecks and genetic drift in the development of this population of Zandi sheep. From 1993 to 1999, fne was much higher than fe, thereby indicating that with respect to loss of genetic diversity, the unequal contribution of founders was more important than the random genetic drift in non-founder generations. Subsequently, random genetic drift in non-founder generations was the major reason for fe > fne. The minimization of average coancestry in new reproductive individuals was recommended as a means of preserving the population against a further loss in genetic diversity. © 2010, Sociedade Brasileira de Genética.


Tajabadi N.,University Putra Malaysia | Tajabadi N.,Animal Science Research Institute of Iran | Mardan M.,University Putra Malaysia | Saari N.,University Putra Malaysia | And 3 more authors.
Brazilian Journal of Microbiology | Year: 2013

This study aimed to isolate and identify Lactobacillus in the honey stomach of honeybee Apis dorsata. Samples of honeybee were collected from A. dorsata colonies in different bee trees and Lactobacillus bacteria isolated from honey stomachs. Ninety two isolates were Gram-stained and tested for catalase reaction. By using bacterial universal primers, the 16S rDNA gene from DNA of bacterial colonies amplified with polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Forty-nine bacterial 16S rDNA gene were sequenced and entrusted in GenBank. Phylogenetic analysis showed they were different phylotypes of Lactobacillus. Two of them were most closely relevant to the previously described species Lactobacillus plantarum. Other two phylotypes were identified to be closely related to Lactobacillus pentosus. However, only one phylotype was found to be distantly linked to the Lactobacillus fermentum. The outcomes of the present study indicated that L. plantarum, L. pentosus, and L. fermentum were the dominant lactobacilli in the honey stomach of honeybee A. dorsata collected during the dry season from Malaysia forest area-specifically "Melaleuca in Terengganu". © 2013, Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia.


Eskandarinasab M.,University of Zanjan | Ghafouri-Kesbi F.,Animal Science Research Institute of Iran | Abbasi M.A.,University of Zanjan
Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics | Year: 2010

Records for Afshari sheep were retrieved from data collected between 2000 and 2005 at the Zanjan University experimental flock, at Zanjan, Iran. (Co)variance components and corresponding genetic parameters for birth weight (BW), weaning weight (WW), 6-month weight (W6), average daily gain from birth to weaning (ADGa), from birth to 6 months (ADGb), from weaning to 6 months (ADGc), Kleiber ratio at weaning (WWKR) and Kleiber ratio at 6 months of age (W6KR) were estimated using univariate and bivariate analyses by the DFREML procedure. The Kleiber ratio, defined as growth rate/metabolic weight, has been suggested to be a useful indicator of growth efficiency and an indirect selection criterion for feed conversion. Estimates of direct heritability (h2) were 0.23, 0.27, 0.11, 0.22, 0.07, 0.01, 0.13 and 0.06 for BW, WW, W6, ADGa, ADGb, ADGc, WWKR and W6KR, respectively. Maternal genetic effects represented a relatively large proportion of the total phenotypic variance for BW (m 2 = 0.22), whereas maternal permanent environmental effects were significant for W6 (c2 = 0.15), ADGb (c2 = 0.16), ADGc (c2 = 0.14) and W6KR (c2 = 0.16). Results of bivariate analyses indicated the variable genetic correlations between traits. The largest positive genetic relationships were between adjacent measurements. The moderate estimates of h2 for early growth traits indicate that in Afshari sheep faster genetic improvement through selection is possible for these traits. In order to increase the efficiency of feed conversion, use of Kleiber ratio in selection programmes was recommended. © 2009 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.


PubMed | University Putra Malaysia, Iran University of Science and Technology and Animal Science Research Institute of Iran
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Brazilian journal of microbiology : [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology] | Year: 2014

This study aimed to isolate and identify Lactobacillus in the honey stomach of honeybee Apis dorsata. Samples of honeybee were collected from A. dorsata colonies in different bee trees and Lactobacillus bacteria isolated from honey stomachs. Ninety two isolates were Gram-stained and tested for catalase reaction. By using bacterial universal primers, the 16S rDNA gene from DNA of bacterial colonies amplified with polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Forty-nine bacterial 16S rDNA gene were sequenced and entrusted in GenBank. Phylogenetic analysis showed they were different phylotypes of Lactobacillus. Two of them were most closely relevant to the previously described species Lactobacillus plantarum. Other two phylotypes were identified to be closely related to Lactobacillus pentosus. However, only one phylotype was found to be distantly linked to the Lactobacillus fermentum. The outcomes of the present study indicated that L. plantarum, L. pentosus, and L. fermentum were the dominant lactobacilli in the honey stomach of honeybee A. dorsata collected during the dry season from Malaysia forest area - specifically Melaleuca in Terengganu.

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