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Li Z.,Northwest University, China | Wang H.,Northwest University, China | Chen L.,Northwest University, China | Wang L.,Northwest University, China | And 3 more authors.
Animal Genetics | Year: 2014

MicroRNA (miRNA) mediates post-transcriptional gene regulation and plays an important role in regulating the development of immune cells and in modulating innate and adaptive immune responses in mammals, including cattle. In the present study, we identified novel and differentially expressed miRNAs in peripheral blood from healthy and mastitis Holstein cattle by Solexa sequencing and bioinformatics. In total, 608 precursor hairpins (pre-miRNAs) encoding for 753 mature miRNAs were detected. Statistically, 173 unique miRNAs (of 753, 22.98%) were identified that had significant differential expression between healthy and mastitis Holstein cattle (P < 0.001). Most differentially expressed miRNAs (118 of 173, 68.21%) belonged to the chemokine signaling pathway involved in the immune responses. This study expands the number of miRNAs known to be expressed in cattle. The patterns of miRNAs expression differed significantly between the peripheral blood from healthy and mastitis Holstein cattle, which provide important information on mastitis in miRNAs expression. Diverse miRNAs may play an important role in the treatment of mastitis in Holstein cattle. © 2013 Stichting International Foundation for Animal Genetics. Source


Li Z.,Northwest University, China | Zhai M.,Northwest University, China | Wang H.,Northwest University, China | Chen L.,Northwest University, China | And 4 more authors.
Gene | Year: 2014

Protein arginine N-methyltransferase 2 (PRMT2), also named HRMT1L1, belongs to the Bovine Protein arginine N-methyltransferase (PRMT) genes which are involved in the immune response. To explore the variability of the PRMT2 gene and resistance to mastitis in cows, splice variant (SV), and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified in this study. A SV (PRMT2-SV) lacking exon 7 (98-bp) of the PRMT2 gene was found in healthy and mastitis-infected mammary gland tissues. Two of four SNPs were significantly associated with bovine milk yield and protein content. Further, we estimated the relative expression of PRMT2-SV in the mammary gland tissue of dairy cattle by using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. The result showed that expression of the PRMT2-SV mRNA was significantly upregulated 4.02-fold (p<. 0.05) in infected mammary tissues (n. = 5) compared to healthy tissues (n. = 5). Our findings reveal that PRMT2-SV may play an important role in mastitis resistance in dairy cattle. The SNPs may be used as a possible candidate SNPs for marker-assisted selection and management in Chinese Holstein cattle. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source


Li Z.,Northwest University, China | Zhang H.,Northwest University, China | Wang H.,Northwest University, China | Chen L.,Northwest University, China | And 4 more authors.
Archiv Tierzucht | Year: 2014

The objective of this study was to examine the effect of the polymorphism in the promoter of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) on mastitis and milk production traits. Two novel single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) G-1539A before 5'-upstream region and G+265C in the 5'-UTR of TLR4 gene were detected, and genetic association analysis was applied on 421 Chinese Holstein cows. The statistical analysis indicated that two SNPs was significantly associated with 305 Days milk yield (P<0.05) and somatic cell score (SCS) respectively (P<0.01). Our results provide evidence that polymorphisms in the promoter of TLR4 are associated with milk production traits and SCS, and may be used as a possible candidate for marker-assisted selection and management in Holstein cattle breeding program. © 2014 by the authors; licensee Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology (FBN), Dummerstorf, Germany. Source

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