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Cucu T.,Scientific Institute of Public Health | Huvaere K.,Scientific Institute of Public Health | van den Bergh M.-A.,Scientific Institute of Public Health | Vinkx C.,Animal | van Loco J.,Scientific Institute of Public Health
Food Analytical Methods | Year: 2012

Carotenoids, among which lycopene-the principal pigment found in tomatoes-are lipophilic compounds which play a very important role in human health and nutrition. They are also recognised as strong antioxidants due to their ability to trap singlet oxygen and eliminate the peroxyl radical. The availability of reliable information on lycopene content of foods is essential both for the evaluation of diet and for epidemiological research relating the intake of lycopene. This paper describes a simple and fast HPLC/UV method for lycopene determination in a wide range of food products. All-E-lycopene together with its Z isomers were eluted isocratically using a carotenoid C30 reversed-phase column. The in-house validated HPLC method had a limit of quantification of 60 ng lycopene/g product and high precision and accuracy. The analytical method was successfully applied to several food products such as raw vegetables and fruits and also processed foods. Tomato and tomato-containing products contained the highest amounts of lycopene. While raw foods and minimally processed foods contained above 94% of all-E-lycopene, processed foods (such as soups, pasta sauces, pizza and cheese) contained from 76% to 87% of all-E-lycopene. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Cimenci O.,Scientific Institute of Public Health | Vandevijvere S.,Scientific Institute of Public Health | Goscinny S.,Scientific Institute of Public Health | Van Den Bergh M.-A.,Scientific Institute of Public Health | And 4 more authors.
Food and Chemical Toxicology | Year: 2013

Non-dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (ndl-PCBs), and some of their metabolites, might initiate neurological, neuroendocrinological, immunological and carcinogenic effects. Dietary exposure of the Belgian adult population to ndl-PCBs was investigated in this study. Foods from five food groups, collected in Belgium in 2008, were analyzed by GC-MS/MS for the six indicator PCBs (PCB 28, 52, 101, 138, 153 and 180). Results were expressed as the sum of the six congeners. A dietary exposure assessment was performed, combining ndl-PCBs levels found in food with data from the national food consumption survey of 2004. Fish and fish products were the dominating food group in terms of contamination level, with the highest levels measured in the composite sample «other fishes» (18.58. ng/g FW). The dietary exposure of the Belgian population (n=3083) to ndl-PCBs ranged from 5.33. ng/kg b.w./day on average to 16.10. ng/kg b.w./day at the 99th percentile, using the lower bound concentration. The mean dietary exposure mainly originates from Fish and fish products (54.3%), followed by dairy products (28.5%). As neither EFSA nor JECFA have set a Tolerable Daily Intake for ndl PCBs, uncertainty remains about how to interpret the exposure data in terms of public health. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Groepper S.R.,University of Nebraska - Lincoln | Deliberto T.J.,Animal | Vrtiska M.P.,Nebraska Game and Parks Commission | Pedersen K.,Animal | And 2 more authors.
Avian Diseases | Year: 2014

We analyzed 155,535 samples collected for surveillance of avian influenza viruses (AIVs), in the United States from 2007 to 2009, from migratory waterfowl (ducks, geese, and swans). The goal was to elucidate patterns of prevalence by flyway and functional groups to determine targets for future surveillance. Apparent prevalence of AIV was highest in the Pacific Flyway in 2007-2008 (14.2% and 14.1%, respectively), in the Mississippi Flyway in 2009 (16.8%), and lowest each year in the Atlantic Flyway (range, 7.3%-8.9%). Dabbling ducks had higher apparent prevalence of AIV (12.8%-18.8%) than diving ducks (3.9%-6.0%) or geese and swans (3.6%-3.9%). We observed highest apparent prevalence in hatch-year waterfowl (15.6%-18.9%). We further analyzed 117,738 of the 155,535 samples to test the hypothesis mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) had highest prevalence of AIV. We compared apparent prevalence and odds ratios for seven species of ducks and one species of goose commonly collected across the United States. Mallards had highest apparent prevalence (15%-26%) in half of comparisons made, whereas American green-winged teal (Anas creeca, 12%-13%), blue-winged teal (Anas discors, 13%-23%), northern pintail (Anas acuta, 16%-22%), or northern shoveler (Anas clypeata, 15%) had higher apparent prevalence in the remaining comparisons. The results of our research can be used to tailor future surveillance that targets flyways, functional groups, and species with the highest probability of detecting AIV. © 2014 American Association of Avian Pathologists.

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