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Si H.,Anhui Agricultural University | Si H.,Key Laboratory of Wheat Biology and Genetic Breeding in Southern Huanghuai Wheat Region | Si H.,Anhui Key Laboratory of Crop Biology | Zhao M.,Key Laboratory of Wheat Biology and Genetic Breeding in Southern Huanghuai Wheat Region | And 4 more authors.
The Scientific World Journal | Year: 2013

Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) sedimentation volume has long been used to characterize wheat flours and meals with the aim of predicting processing and end-product qualities. In order to survey the influence of low-molecular-weight glutenin subunits (LMW-GSs) at Glu-B3 locus on wheat SDS sedimentation volume, a total of 283 wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties including landraces and improved and introduced cultivars were analyzed using 10 allele-specific PCR markers at the Glu-B3 locus. The highest allele frequency observed in the tested varieties was Glu-B3i with 21.9% in all varieties, 21.1% in landraces, 25.5% in improved cultivars, and 12% in introduced cultivars. Glu-B3 locus represented 8.6% of the variance in wheat SDS sedimentation volume, and Glu-B3b, Glu-B3g, and Glu-B3h significantly heightened the SDS sedimentation volume, but Glu-B3a, Glu-B3c, and Glu-B3j significantly lowered the SDS sedimentation volume. For the bread-making quality, the most desirable alleles Glu-B3b and Glu-B3g become more and more popular and the least desirable alleles Glu-B3a and Glu-B3c got less and less in modern improved cultivars, suggesting that wheat grain quality in China has been significantly improved through breeding effort. © 2013 Hongqi Si et al. Source


Si H.,Anhui Agricultural University | Si H.,Key Laboratory of Wheat Biology and Genetic Breeding in Southern Huanghuai Wheat Region | Si H.,Anhui Key Laboratory of Crop Biology | Zhou Z.,Anhui Agricultural University | And 4 more authors.
Molecular Breeding | Year: 2012

Polyphenol oxidase (PPO) is a major cause of time-dependent darkening and discoloration in Asian noodles and other wheat-based products. One of the best ways to reduce this undesirable darkening is to breed new wheat cultivars with low PPO activity using efficient and reliable markers. Based on the sequence of a PPO gene SSPPO-B1 (GenBank accession no. AB254804) located on chromosome 2B of common wheat, 26 pairs of primers were designed to detect polymorphisms between wheat cultivars with low and high PPO activity. F-8, one of these primer pairs, amplified double fragments (band "a" of approximately 400 bp and band "b" of approximately 600 bp) in the cultivars with low PPO activity, and a single fragment (only band a) in the cultivars with high PPO activity. The differences between the fragments a and b include five indels and several single nucleotide polymorphisms, which occurred in intron II of the PPO gene. F-8 can be used as a sequence-tagged site marker to discriminate between two alleles Ppo-B1a (GQ303713) and Ppo-B1b (AB254804). The screening of 284 accessions of the core collection of Chinese wheat germplasms using the marker F-8 showed that the double fragments were present in 188 accessions, and the single fragments were present in the remaining 96 accessions. Statistical analysis revealed that the cultivars with the double fragments had significantly lower mean PPO activity than those with the single fragments. We also screened the 284 accessions using two additional markers, PPO18 for Ppo-A1 on chromosome 2A and STS01 for Ppo-D1 on chromosome 2D. Results showed that the combination of markers F-8, PPO18, and STS01 could reliably predict PPO activity. These markers can be used in wheat breeding programs for low PPO activity selection to improve the quality of wheat-based products. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source

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