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Tang X.,Zhejiang University | Shen C.,Zhejiang University | Chen L.,Zhejiang University | Xiao X.,Zhejiang University | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Soils and Sediments | Year: 2010

Purpose: The emerging recycling of electronic and electric waste (e-waste) is causing critical levels of soil pollution in those relatively poor towns surrounding the central cities, which have been involved in recycling activities for quite some time. Agricultural soil is of great importance due to its direct impact on food and human health. The objective of this study was to provide a systematic investigation of the contamination in agricultural soil for a range of inorganic compounds (Cr, Cd, Pb, Zn, Cu, and Ni) and organic compounds (PAHs and PCBs) in town A, an emerging e-waste recycling town in China. Materials and methods: A total of 20 agricultural soil samples were collected from three sampling locations throughout town A. Levels of inorganic compounds (Cr, Cd, Pb, Zn, Cu, and Ni) and organic compounds (PAHs and PCBs) were determined by AAS, GC/MS, and GC/electron capture detector, respectively. Data was processed with SPSS 13 and Arcview 3. 3 GIS software. Results and discussion: The findings demonstrate that agricultural soil was contaminated to various extents by inorganic and/or organic pollutants. Comparison among the three sampling areas indicated that the soil was highly contaminated in the agricultural area near e-waste recycling workshops. Moreover, the contaminants (Cu, Pb, PAHs, and PCBs) may be connected through a common source as found in the Pearson correlations and cluster analysis. Conclusions: There exists a heightened sense of awareness concerning the hazardous implications of current emerging e-waste recycling issues in the agricultural soil of those areas close to the central city in Taizhou. © 2010 Springer-Verlag. Source


Dou C.,Zhejiang University of Science and Technology | Dou C.,Anhui Academy of Environmental Science | Zhang J.,Nantong University
Journal of Hazardous Materials | Year: 2011

Lead neurotoxicity has caused wide public concern in recent decades, yet little is known about its effects on cellular and molecular mechanisms during the sensitive early life stages of animals. This study examines neurological deficits caused by lead acetate (Pb) during early embryonic stages in the zebrafish (Danio rerio) and further explores its potential molecular mechanism. Zebrafish embryos showed varying levels of toxicity, which was proportional to the concentration of Pb to which the embryos were exposed. Following Pb exposure (0.2. mM), embryos showed obvious neurotoxic symptoms with " sluggish" action, slow swimming movements and slow escape action. Whole mount in situ hybridization showed that gfap and huC gene expression patterns decreased significantly throughout the brains of the Pb-treated embryos, particularly in the diencephalon region. RT-PCR further proved the downregultion of the two genes. However, ngn1 and crestin gene expression patterns were similar in both the Pb-treated embryos and the control embryos. The TUNEL assay demonstrated that the reduction of nerve cells was due to increased apoptosis of neuron and glia cells. In conclusion, these findings identify that Pb-induced neurotoxicity can be caused by impaired neurogenesis, resulting in markedly increased apoptosis of special types of neural cells, neuron and glia cells. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. Source


Qi C.,Hefei University of Technology | Qi C.,City University of Hong Kong | Qi C.,Anhui Academy of Environmental Science | Qi C.,University of Hong Kong | And 5 more authors.
Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association | Year: 2011

Thirty-three soil samples were collected from the Luling, Liuer, and Zhangji coal mines in the Huaibei and Huainan areas of Anhui Province, China. The samples were analyzed for antimony (Sb) by inductively coupled plasmaoptical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) method. The average Sb content in the 33 samples was 4 mg kg-1, which is lower than in coals from this region (6.2 mg kg-1). More than 75% of the soils sampled showed a significant degree of Sb pollution (enrichment factors [EFs] 5-20). The soils collected near the gob pile and coal preparation plant were higher in Sb content than those collected from residential areas near the mines. The gob pile and tailings from the preparation plant were high in mineral matter content and high in Sb. They are the sources of Sb pollution in surface soils in the vicinity of coal mines. The spatial dispersion of Sb in surface soil in the mine region shows that Sb pollution could reach out as far as 350 m into the local environment conditions. Crops in rice paddies may adsorb some Sb and reduce the Sb content in soils from paddyfields. Vertical distribution of Sb in two soil profiles indicates that Sb is normally relatively immobile in soils. © 2011 Air & Waste Management Association. Source


Wu N.,Anhui Academy of Environmental Science | Sude B.,Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences | Gao J.-X.,Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences | Zhang C.,Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences | And 3 more authors.
Zhongguo Huanjing Kexue/China Environmental Science | Year: 2011

The pattern and processes of ecosystem is basis of ecosystem services' supply. A model was established to simulate an ecosystem service of avoiding reservoir from sedimentation and its economic value based on the process of sediment delivery in a watershed. The model included fabricating the watershed of the study reservoir. The sediment retention coefficient of different land cover types were used to simulate the spatial patterns of the annual quantity of the sediment that were prevented from entering the reservoir by the vegetation in each cell followed the flow path in watershed. The economic value of the ecosystem service in this model was determined by the marginal cost of reservoir desilting. This study took the Ertan reservoir as an example. The results showed that the pattern of land cover change was mainly performanced in grassland transforming to forestland in the upper and forestland transforming to farmland and grassland in lower Yalong River from 2000 to 2005. The total actual soil erosion was little changed in the five years. However, the total sediment yield to Ertan reservoir had the large scale increase in 2005. Farmland was the most important source in sediment yield. Most eroded soil was intercepted by different types of ecosystems in the process of sediment delivery in a watershed. The region with a higher quantity of sediment retention was around the reservoir. The absolute quantity of average sediment retention in forestland was lower, so the sediment retention ability of forestland failed to be brought into fullest play in watershed. The total value of the avoided Ertan reservoir sedimentation service in the watershed was 44.2 and 78.6 billion Yuan in the 2000 and 2005. Source


He F.,Anhui Agricultural University | Wu N.,Anhui Academy of Environmental Science | Fang X.-L.,Anhui Academy of Environmental Science | Gao J.-X.,Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences | And 2 more authors.
Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology | Year: 2015

A model of phosphorus purification in a watershed was established based on the export coefficient and purification index of phosphorus in different types of land cover. The model was employed to simulate the economic value of the ecosystem service with the expected water quality standard and marginal cost of pollutant purification of the upper reaches of Xin'an River of Anhui, China. The results revealed that from 2000 to 2010, some farmland outside the Tunxi, Jixi, Shexian, Yixian and Xiuning was converted to built-up land. The total amount of phosphorus exported to the upper Xin'an River decreased a little, and the main source of phosphorus pollution was farmland and built-up land. More than half of the exported phosphorus was efficiently purified by different types of land cover via flow accumulation. The pattern of purification and export of highly concentrated phosphorus showed the same trend which occurred in the northern part of the watershed including the Yangzhi River, Fengle River and Hengjiang River. Forestland and grassland did not efficiently purify phosphorus in the watershed owing to the irrational distribution of existing land cover. The total service value was 3.80 and 3.31 million Yuan in 2000 and 2010, respectively. ©, 2015, Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology. All right reserved. Source

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