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Okazaki, Japan

Itoi F.,Green Bell Clinic | Asano Y.,Royal Bell Clinic | Shimizu M.,Angel Bell Hospital | Honnma H.,Sapporo ART Clinic | Murata Y.,Angel Bell Hospital
Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics | Year: 2015

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the clinical outcomes of blastocysts derived from human single-pronucleate (1PN) embryos after conventional in vitro fertilization (cIVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles. Methods: This was a retrospective study at a reproductive center of a hospital. To evaluate embryo quality and clinical outcomes, cIVF or ICSI cycles with one or more 1PN embryos were compared with same cycles with 2PN embryos (control cycles). Results: A total of 623 cycles (426 cIVF cycles and 197 ICSI cycles) were treated with cIVF or ICSI. The single pronuclear status rate was similar between cIVF (22.1 %) and ICSI (25.1 %) cycles. Although the development rates of 1PN embryos on day 3 and day 5/6 in cIVF were significantly higher than those in ICSI, those of 1PN embryos in cIVF were significantly lower compared to 2PN embryos (p < 0.01). Nonetheless, the ongoing pregnancy rates achieved with 1PN blastocysts in 1PN embryos did not significantly differ from the control group. Thirty-three transfer cycles with 33 blastocysts derived from 1PN embryos in cIVF resulted in nine deliveries with no newborn malformations; however, no implantation was observed in three ICSI cycles. Conclusion: Although the blastocyst formation rate of 1PN embryos was significantly lower than 2PN embryos in cIVF and ICSI cycles, 1PN blastocysts in cIVF, and not from ICSI, demonstrated an adequate ongoing pregnancy rate. These results suggested that 1PN blastocysts in cIVF are available for clinical use and may lead to an increase in the chance of pregnancy in patients receiving assisted reproductive technology with 1PN embryos. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Itoi F.,Green Bell Clinic | Itoi F.,Yamanashi University | Asano Y.,Royal Bell Clinic | Shimizu M.,Angel Bell Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Gynecological Endocrinology | Year: 2015

There have been no studies analyzing the effect of large aggregates of tubular smooth endoplasmic reticulum (aSERT) after conventional in vitro fertilization (cIVF). The aim of this study was to investigate whether aSERT can be identified after cIVF and the association between the embryological outcomes of oocytes in cycles with aSERT. This is a retrospective study examining embryological data from cIVF cycles showing the presence of aSERT in oocytes 5–6 h after cIVF. To evaluate embryo quality, cIVF cycles with at least one aSERT-metaphase II (MII) oocyte observed (cycles with aSERT) were compared to cycles with normal-MII oocytes (control cycles). Among the 4098 MII oocytes observed in 579 cycles, aSERT was detected in 100 MII oocytes in 51 cycles (8.8%). The fertilization rate, the rate of embryo development on day 3 and day 5–6 did not significantly differ between cycles with aSERT and control group. However, aSERT-MII oocytes had lower rates for both blastocysts and good quality blastocysts (p < 0.05). aSERT can be detected in the cytoplasm by removing the cumulus cell 5 h after cIVF. However, aSERT-MII oocytes do not affect other normal-MII oocytes in cycles with aSERT. © 2015 Taylor & Francis.

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