1 Anesthesia Center for Critical Care Research

Al Qurayn, Egypt

1 Anesthesia Center for Critical Care Research

Al Qurayn, Egypt
SEARCH FILTERS
Time filter
Source Type

PubMed | 1 Anesthesia Center for Critical Care Research
Type: Journal Article | Journal: American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology | Year: 2015

Cytochrome P450 epoxygenase-derived epoxyeicosatrienoic acids contribute to the regulation of pulmonary vascular tone and hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction. We investigated whether the attenuated acute vasoconstrictor response to hypoxic exposure of Cyp2j(-/-) mice would protect these mice against the pulmonary vascular remodeling and hypertension associated with prolonged exposure to hypoxia. Cyp2j(-/-) and Cyp2j(+/+) male and female mice continuously breathed an inspired oxygen fraction of 0.21 (normoxia) or 0.10 (hypoxia) in a normobaric chamber for 6 weeks. We assessed hemoglobin (Hb) concentrations, right ventricular (RV) systolic pressure (RVSP), and transthoracic echocardiographic parameters (pulmonary acceleration time [PAT] and RV wall thickness). Pulmonary Cyp2c29, Cyp2c38, and sEH mRNA levels were measured in Cyp2j(-/-) and Cyp2j(+/+) male mice. At baseline, Cyp2j(-/-) and Cyp2j(+/+) mice had similar Hb levels and RVSP while breathing air. After 6 weeks of hypoxia, circulating Hb concentrations increased but did not differ between Cyp2j(-/-) and Cyp2j(+/+) mice. Chronic hypoxia increased RVSP in Cyp2j(-/-) and Cyp2j(+/+) mice of either gender. Exposure to chronic hypoxia decreased PAT and increased RV wall thickness in both genotypes and genders to a similar extent. Prolonged exposure to hypoxia produced similar levels of RV hypertrophy in both genotypes of either gender. Pulmonary Cyp2c29, Cyp2c38, and sEH mRNA levels did not differ between Cyp2j(-/-) and Cyp2j(+/+) male mice after breathing at normoxia or hypoxia for 6 weeks. These results suggest that murine Cyp2j deficiency does not attenuate the development of murine pulmonary vascular remodeling and hypertension associated with prolonged exposure to hypoxia in mice of both genders.

Loading 1 Anesthesia Center for Critical Care Research collaborators
Loading 1 Anesthesia Center for Critical Care Research collaborators