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Bedenic B.,University of Zagreb | Bedenic B.,Clinical Hospital Center Zagreb | Beader N.,University of Zagreb | Beader N.,Clinical Hospital Center Zagreb | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Chemotherapy | Year: 2016

Previous studies found short postantibiotic effect of colistin on Acinetobacter baumannii. Many studies have evaluated the potential for synergy between colistin and other antibiotics against A. baumannii. The aim of this study was to determine in vitro synergy and postantibiotic effect (PAE) of colistin alone and combined with other antibiotics (vancomycin or meropenem) against eight carbapenem-non-susceptible Acinetobacter spp. strains with defined resistance mechanisms. It was hypothesised that vancomycin or meropenem would prologue the PAE of colistin since it was previously found that they exert synergism with colistin in time-kill kinetics and chequerboard analysis. After exposure of 1 hour colistin alone exhibited the negative ( − 0.07 hour) (OXA-143), short (0.2–1.82 hours) (OXA-24, OXA-58, OXA-72, VIM-1+OXA-23, OXA-58+NDM-1, ISAba1/OXA-69) or moderate PAE (3.2 hours) for OXA-23 positive strain. When combined with vancomycin, the PAE was moderate (1.7–4 hours) with OXA-23, OXA-23+VIM-1, OXA-72 and OXA-24 positive strains while with OXA-58, OXA-143, OXA-58/NDM-1 and ISAba1/OXA-69 positive strains, it was not possible to calculate mean duration of PAE because there was no regrowth after exposure to antibiotics or it was longer than 5 hours. The combination with meropenem resulted in short (0.2 hours) (OXA-143), moderate (2.4–3.73 hours) (OXA-24, OXA-58, OXA-23, OXA-23+VIM-1), long PAE of 5 hours (OXA-23) or longer than 5 hours (OXA-58+VIM-1, ISAba1/OXA-69). From the clinical point of view, the prolongation of colistin PAE when combined with other antibiotics could provide a rationale for the modification of the dosing interval and could be important for the optimization of the treatment regimen and the minimization of drug-induced side effects. © 2016 Edizioni Scientifiche per l'Informazione su Farmaci e Terapia

Franolic-Kukina I.,County of Lika Public Health Institute | Bedenic B.,University of Zagreb | Bedenic B.,Clinical Hospital Center Zagreb | Budimir A.,University of Zagreb | And 5 more authors.
International Journal of Infectious Diseases | Year: 2011

Background: From July to October 2008, 34 Acinetobacter baumannii isolates were involved in an outbreak at the Clinical Hospital Center, Zagreb. The aim of this study was to characterize the mechanisms of carbapenem resistance in our A. baumannii isolates and determine their epidemiology. Methods: Antibiotic susceptibilities were determined by broth microdilution. PCR was used to detect the presence of carbapenemases. Genotyping of the isolates was performed by random amplification of polymorphic DNA (RAPD), pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), and repetitive sequence-based PCR (rep-PCR). Results: Thirty-three carbapenem-resistant isolates were positive for the acquired bla OXA-72 and one unrelated isolate was positive for bla OXA-58. The bla OXA-72-positive isolates were shown to be clonally related by RAPD, rep-PCR, and PFGE. Conclusions: On the basis of susceptibility testing, β-lactamase characterization, and genotyping of the isolates we can conclude that clonal spread of endemic isolates was responsible for the high frequency of OXA-72-positive multidrug-resistant A. baumannii in this setting. Most of the isolates originated from the intensive care unit indicating local dissemination within the hospital and pointing to the potential source of isolates. © 2011 International Society for Infectious Diseases.

Loading Zagreb Institute of Public Health andrija Stampar collaborators
Loading Zagreb Institute of Public Health andrija Stampar collaborators