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Anderson, IN, United States

Anderson University is an accredited private Christian liberal arts university in Anderson, Indiana. The college is affiliated with the Church of God . Anderson University is a member of the Council for Christian Colleges and Universities, and the Independent Colleges of Indiana society. In 2010, U.S. News & World Report ranked Anderson University among the best colleges and universities in the Midwest. The Princeton Review also has recognized Anderson University as one of the best colleges and universities in the Midwest for 2011. The university offers more than 60 undergraduate majors, as well as graduate programs in business, music, nursing, and theology. Wikipedia.

Stull L.G.,Anderson University, Indiana | Mcgrew J.H.,Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis | Salyers M.P.,Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis | Ashburn-Nardo L.,Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis
Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease

The extent to which explicit and implicit stigma are endorsed by mental health practitioners using evidence-based practices is unknown. The purposes of the current study were to a) examine implicit and explicit biases among Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) staff and b) explore the extent to which biases predicted the use of treatment control mechanisms. Participants were 154 ACT staff from nine states. Overall, the participants exhibited positive explicit and implicit attitudes toward people with mental illness. When modeled using latent factors, greater implicit, but not explicit, bias significantly predicted greater endorsement of restrictive or controlling clinical interventions. Thus, despite overall positive attitudes toward those with mental illness for the sample as a whole, individual differences in provider stigma were related to clinical care. Mental health professionals, and specifically ACT clinicians, should be educated on types of bias and ways in which biases influence clinical interventions. Copyright © 2013 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Dulaney E.A.,Anderson University, Indiana | Wiese M.D.,Anderson University, Indiana
Journal of Internet Commerce

In a perfectly competitive market, the price obtained for a homogeneous good, when auctioned, should be consistent when measured as a percentage of the final bid (including shipping) to total gift card value. Rather than that being the case, however, prices varied significantly during the time period studied. This study employed linear regression on gift cards sold that utilized the standard auction format. Results indicated that card value, the time of day the auction ends, the seller's feedback score and percentage of positive feedback, as well as the number of cards auctioned on the same day, the buyer's feedback score, inclusion of an image, Pay Pal as a means of accepting payment, and the number of words in the description influence the percentage of total value obtained for the card. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Source

Acciari V.A.,Harvard - Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics | Aliu E.,University of Delaware | Arlen T.,University of California at Los Angeles | Aune T.,University of California at Santa Cruz | And 85 more authors.
Astrophysical Journal

We report on observations of very high energy γ rays from the shell-type supernova remnant (SNR) Cassiopeia A with the Very Energetic Radiation Imaging Telescope Array System stereoscopic array of four imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes in Arizona. The total exposure time for these observations is 22 hr, accumulated between September and November of 2007. The γ-ray source associated with the SNR Cassiopeia A was detected above 200 GeV with a statistical significance of 8.3σ. The estimated integral flux for this γ-ray source is about 3% of the Crab-Nebula flux. The photon spectrum is compatible with a power law dN/dE E -Γ with an index Γ = 2.61 0.24stat 0.2sys. The data are consistent with a point-like source. We provide a detailed description of the analysis results and discuss physical mechanisms that may be responsible for the observed γ-ray emission. © 2010. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Source

Acciari V.A.,Harvard - Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics | Aliu E.,Barnard College | Arlen T.,University of California at Los Angeles | Aune T.,University of California at Santa Cruz | And 87 more authors.
Astrophysical Journal

M87 is a nearby radio galaxy that is detected at energies ranging from radio to very high energy (VHE) gamma rays. Its proximity and its jet, misaligned from our line of sight, enable detailed morphological studies and extensive modeling at radio, optical, and X-ray energies. Flaring activity was observed at all energies, and multi-wavelength correlations would help clarify the origin of the VHE emission. In this paper, we describe a detailed temporal and spectral analysis of the VERITAS VHE gamma-ray observations of M87 in 2008 and 2009. In the 2008 observing season, VERITAS detected an excess with a statistical significance of 7.2 standard deviations (σ) from M87 during a joint multi-wavelength monitoring campaign conducted by three major VHE experiments along with the Chandra X-ray Observatory. In 2008 February, VERITAS observed a VHE flare from M87 occurring over a 4 day timespan. The peak nightly flux above 250GeV was (1.14 0.26) × 10-11 cm-2 s-1, which corresponded to 7.7% of the Crab Nebula flux. M87 was marginally detected before this 4 day flare period, and was not detected afterward. Spectral analysis of the VERITAS observations showed no significant change in the photon index between the flare and pre-flare states. Shortly after the VHE flare seen by VERITAS, the Chandra X-ray Observatory detected the flux from the core of M87 at a historical maximum, while the flux from the nearby knot HST-1 remained quiescent. Acciari etal. presented the 2008 contemporaneous VHE gamma-ray, Chandra X-ray, and Very Long Baseline Array radio observations which suggest the core as the most likely source of VHE emission, in contrast to the 2005 VHE flare that was simultaneous with an X-ray flare in the HST-1 knot. In 2009, VERITAS continued its monitoring of M87 and marginally detected a 4.2σ excess corresponding to a flux of 1% of the Crab Nebula. No VHE flaring activity was observed in 2009. © 2010. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Source

Aliu E.,Barnard College | Archambault S.,McGill University | Arlen T.,University of California at Los Angeles | Aune T.,University of California at Los Angeles | And 102 more authors.
Astrophysical Journal

We report the discovery of an unidentified, extended source of very-high-energy gamma-ray emission, VER J2019+407, within the radio shell of the supernova remnant SNR G78.2+2.1, using 21.4 hr of data taken by the VERITAS gamma-ray observatory in 2009. These data confirm the preliminary indications of gamma-ray emission previously seen in a two-year (2007-2009) blind survey of the Cygnus region by VERITAS. VER J2019+407, which is detected at a post-trials significance of 7.5 standard deviations in the 2009 data, is localized to the northwestern rim of the remnant in a region of enhanced radio and X-ray emission. It has an intrinsic extent of 0°.23±0°.03 stat +0°.04 -0°.02sys and its spectrum is well-characterized by a differential power law (dN/dE = N0 × (E/TeV)-Γ) with a photon index of Γ = 2.37±0.14stat ±0.20sys and a flux normalization of N0 = 1.5±0.2stat±0.4 sys×10-12 photon TeV-1cm -2s-1. This yields an integral flux of 5.2±0.8 stat±1.4sys×10-12 photon cm -2 s-1 above 320 GeV, corresponding to 3.7% of the Crab Nebula flux. We consider the relationship of the TeV gamma-ray emission with the GeV gamma-ray emission seen from SNR G78.2+2.1 as well as that seen from a nearby cocoon of freshly accelerated cosmic rays. Multiple scenarios are considered as possible origins for the TeV gamma-ray emission, including hadronic particle acceleration at the SNR shock. © 2013. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Source

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