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Adrian, MI, United States

Some historical PMA literature can be found on polyurethane degradation pertaining to hydrolytic stability, although not very much. In this paper, a comprehensive study is presented comparing multiple backbones, isocyanates, and durometers using not only tensile strength as an indicator of degradation, but also other physical properties. Looking at the trends of the data can give direction of what type of urethane to use in aqueous applications.

Anderson Development Company | Date: 2007-08-07


Polyurethane/urea elastomer compositions which retain their dimensions at elevated temperatures. These polyurethane/urea elastomers surprisingly have improved green strength or dimensional stability upon demolding at typical mold temperatures of 80 to 130 C and remain dimensionally stable throughout the post cure process which is typically overnight at about 100 C. They are useful in indirect food contact or dry food contact applications since the compositions use trimethylene glycol di(p-aminobenzoate) as a chain extender or curative. The polyurethane/urea elastomers may be prepared by reacting toluene diisocyanate prepolymers with trimethylene glycol di(p-aminobenzoate). The toluene diisocyanate prepolymers are reaction products of toluene diisocyanate containing at least 25% by weight of the 2,6-isomer, preferentially at least 35%, more preferentially at least 45%, and most preferentially 60% with polyols such as polyoxyalkylene polyether polyols like polytetramethylene glycol, polypropylene glycol and polyethylene glycol, polyester polyols, polycaprolactone polyols, polycarbonate polyols, polybutadiene polyols or mixtures thereof.

Doll K.M.,U.S. Department of Agriculture | Heise G.L.,Anderson Development Company | Myslinska M.,Anderson Development Company | Sharma B.K.,University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign
American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Tribology Division, TRIB | Year: 2012

A new additive was produced from a natural oil and boron. The synthesis involves the use of the epoxidized form of soybean oil which then undergoes a catalytic ring opening to produce the additive material. Due to their remaining triacylglycerol structure, the products are highly compatible with bio-based lubricants and due to their covalent boron attachments, show effective properties for the reduction of wear. Some performance examples: Using a traditional Falex 4-ball wear test, the scar diameter observed in a soybean oil lubricant could be reduced from 0.61 mm to 0.41 mm by the inclusion of 1% or the additive. A second generation additive, while not as effective at reducing wear, was able to increase the oxidation onset temperature of soybean oil under pressurized oxygen by 14°C. Next, these additives were tested in a formulation of biobased gear oil composed of heat treated soybean oil and synthetic esters. In the best formulation, these additives were able to surpass the oxidation onset of a gear oil that was formulated with commercially available additives, while giving nearly as good of performance by wear scar analysis. This oxidation onset value, of 258°C, approaches that of off-the-shelf gear oils. Overall, these new additives are strong performers which can be made using simple chemistry. Their properties combined with their high biobased content are valuable assets in the search for biobased lubricants and gear oils. Copyright © 2012 by ASME.

Anderson Development Company | Date: 1989-05-02


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