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This interview had as its object, counting the experience of the researcher Celmira Laza Vásquez, in a geographic region living the socially and armed conflict in Colombia and discuss the topic of health care in peasant people by the traditional caregivers, from their cultural knowledgement, all of what has contributed to mantain a social movement of pacific resistance experienced in the political field. © 2013 Fundación Index. Source

The Cimitarra River Valley is a rural area forest landscape and forest, where the ophidic accident is common.There is a limited access to antivenom serum, due to its distance from the municipal area, the deplorable conditions of roads, lack of health care facilities and the lack of safety and public nuisance resulting from the development of social conflict and armed. Because of this, people bitten by snakes are attended mostly by traditional health agents. Manuel Sabana is a healer of the region experienced in treating people who are bitten by venomous snakes. This article narrates through biographical narrative the way he cures. He explains that he feels as an "instrument of God," which combined with the power of the word using the 'secret' and the peasant knowledge, he removes the "benumb" caused by the poison. © 2011 Fundación Index. Source

Castaneda-Hernandez D.M.,Secretaria de Salud y Seguridad Social | Castaneda-Hernandez D.M.,Andean Region University Foundation | Tobon-Garcia D.,Technological University of Pereira | Rodriguez-Morales A.J.,Technological University of Pereira
Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica | Year: 2013

Objectives. Assess relationship between the Human Development Index (HDI) and the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) in 165 countries in the World in the period 2005-2011. Materials and methods. An ecological study was done, using HDI data that were obtained from the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), and the incidence rates from the Stop TB Program of the World Health Organization (WHO). The annual variation of the variables was assessed and non-linear regression models (Exponential), were done. Results. At the non-linear regression models, it was observed that the relationship between epidemiological and HDI was significant, those countries with higher rates presented lower values of HDI (p<0.01). Additionally the variation in time was significantly associated with HDI variation. Conclusions. This information reflect the significant influence of socioeconomical indicators such as the HDI on the TB incidence rates in the World, particularly in endemic countries, being an inverse relationship between both types of variables; with an increase or improvement in the HDI, the disease incidence rate decreased or it is found lower. Source

Fajardo-Zapata A.L.,Andean Region University Foundation
Iatreia | Year: 2014

Introduction: A common and growing problem in hospitals is hypersensitivity to rubber latex antigens, since many products, including gloves, are manufactured from this material, with the consequent possibility of producing allergy in persons who use them.Objective: To find out if health workers at a fourth level clinic in Bogotá, Colombia, are allergic to rubber latex, in relation to the use of gloves.Materials and methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional study of a non-probabilistic intentional-type sample in each one of four hospital units. A survey was applied to participants.Results: 16 of the 26 persons (61.5%) with history of allergic processes manifested some kind of reaction when they had contact with latex gloves; the problem was more significant in the nursing personnel compared to physicians.Conclusions: The exposure to latex gloves may be generating the appearance of allergic occupational disease in health workers. © 2014, Universidad de Antioquia. All rights reserved. Source

Leon A.,University of la Salle of Colombia | Estrada J.M.,Andean Region University Foundation | Rosenfield M.,SUNY College of Optometry
Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics | Year: 2015

Purpose: Dynamic retinoscopy (DR) is a procedure for assessing the accommodative response using a standard clinical instrument. The present study compared measurements of the amplitude of accommodation (AA) obtained using this technique with two subjective methods (modified push-down and minus lens). Additionally, the expected ranges for AA when measured by DR were determined. Method: AA was measured in 1298 subjects between 5 and 60 years of age using the three techniques described above. Subjects were grouped into 5-year bins, and a descriptive univariate analysis of the data performed. Goodness-of fit plots were constructed to examine the overall model fit. Centile curves were calculated from the final model. Results: Mean values of AA obtained using DR were significantly lower than for the two subjective techniques. For the DR findings, no significant change was observed between 5 and 19 years of age (mean AA = 8.3 D) and between 45 and 60 years of age (mean AA = 0.6 D). AA values as a function of age were best fit by the polynomial regression equation: logAA = 1.93 + 0.49(age) - 0.19(age)2. Conclusion: Measurements of AA determined using DR are significantly lower than the normative subjective findings published previously. This difference is at least partly due to the depth-of-field of the eye. These norms markedly overestimate accommodative responsivity. DR provides a simple technique for quantifying accommodation in the clinical setting. © 2015 The College of Optometrists. Source

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