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San Antonio, TX, United States

To assess effects of foods fortified with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)-rich fish oil on cognitive, memory, psychomotor, immunologic, and retinal function and other measures of development in healthy puppies. Evaluation study. 48 Beagle puppies. Puppies were assigned to 3 groups after weaning (n = 16/group) and received 1 of 3 foods (low-DHA, moderate-DHA, or high-DHA food) as their sole source of nutrition until 1 year of age. Visual discrimination learning and memory tasks, psychomotor performance tasks, and physiologic tests including blood and serum analysis, electroretinography, and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry were performed at various time points. Anti-rabies virus antibody titers were evaluated 1, 2, 4, and 8 weeks after vaccination at 16 weeks of age. Foods had similar proximate analysis results but varied in concentration of DHA from fish oil; the high-DHA food also contained higher concentrations of vitamin E, taurine, choline, and l-carnitine than did other foods. The high-DHA group had significantly better results for reversal task learning, visual contrast discrimination, and early psychomotor performance in side-to-side navigation through an obstacle-containing maze than did the moderate-DHA and low-DHA groups. The high-DHA group had significantly higher anti-rabies antibody titers 1 and 2 weeks after vaccination than did other groups. Peak b-wave amplitudes during scotopic electroretinography were positively correlated with serum DHA concentrations at all evaluated time points. Dietary fortification with fish oils rich in DHA and possibly other nutrients implicated in neurocognitive development following weaning improved cognitive, memory, psychomotor, immunologic, and retinal functions in growing dogs.


Danielson J.R.,University of California at San Diego | Dubin D.H.E.,University of California at San Diego | Greaves R.G.,and Hills Inc. | Surko C.M.,University of California at San Diego
Reviews of Modern Physics | Year: 2015

In recent years, there has been a wealth of new science involving low-energy antimatter (i.e., positrons and antiprotons) at energies ranging from 102 to less than 10-3eV. Much of this progress has been driven by the development of new plasma-based techniques to accumulate, manipulate, and deliver antiparticles for specific applications. This article focuses on the advances made in this area using positrons. However, many of the resulting techniques are relevant to antiprotons as well. An overview is presented of relevant theory of single-component plasmas in electromagnetic traps. Methods are described to produce intense sources of positrons and to efficiently slow the typically energetic particles thus produced. Techniques are described to trap positrons efficiently and to cool and compress the resulting positron gases and plasmas. Finally, the procedures developed to deliver tailored pulses and beams (e.g., in intense, short bursts, or as quasimonoenergetic continuous beams) for specific applications are reviewed. The status of development in specific application areas is also reviewed. One example is the formation of antihydrogen atoms for fundamental physics [e.g., tests of invariance under charge conjugation, parity inversion, and time reversal (the CPT theorem), and studies of the interaction of gravity with antimatter]. Other applications discussed include atomic and materials physics studies and the study of the electron-positron many-body system, including both classical electron-positron plasmas and the complementary quantum system in the form of Bose-condensed gases of positronium atoms. Areas of future promise are also discussed. The review concludes with a brief summary and a list of outstanding challenges. © 2015 American Physical Society.


The invention encompasses pet food compositions and methods for the treatment and/or prevention of diseases or disorders in companion animals, for example, for the treatment or prevention of degenerative joint conditions, osteoarthritis, cartilage damage, and maintaining or increasing bone mineral density, wherein the compositions and methods include feeding a companion animal a composition including lipoic acid or a salt thereof.


Patent
and Hills Inc. | Date: 2015-03-19

In accordance with one aspect of the invention, a method of operating a well using gas processed at a same well site is provided. The method discloses of providing a well site defined by a perimeter. In ground fossil fuel is extracted and distributed to a processing facility. The processing facility is wholly located within the perimeter of the well site. Once the fossil-fuel is processed into an engine quality combustible gas, it is moved to a downstream destination. Preferably, the downstream destination is located within the perimeter. An exemplary downstream destination is a combustion engine, wherein the processed gas is burned to create an amount of work. The work drives a device also located within the perimeter. Thus, this method provides a way to draw fossil fuel upwards, process it, and burn it, all within the perimeter of the well site.


Patent
and Hills Inc. | Date: 2015-10-02

The present invention provides a housing for a gas processing apparatus formed by a plurality of walls joined together to form a box-like structure defining a chamber therein. The chamber is configured to retain a pair or more of gas processing pressure vessels in a vertically stacked configuration. The housing has a width less the United States Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration maximum width for a commercial vehicle to allow transportation of the housing without the need for an oversized load shipping permit. The floor width inside the chamber less than a width for said pair of pressure vessels if said vessels were in a side-by-side configuration.

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