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Parmar A.S.,and Center for Advanced Biotechnology and Medicine | Zahid S.,and Center for Advanced Biotechnology and Medicine | Belure S.V.,and Center for Advanced Biotechnology and Medicine | Young R.,and Center for Advanced Biotechnology and Medicine | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Structural Biology | Year: 2014

Net-negatively-charged heterospecific A:B:C collagen peptide heterotrimers were designed using an automated computational approach. The design algorithm considers both target stability and the energy gap between the target states and misfolded competing states. Structural characterization indicates the net-negative charge balance on the new designs enhances the specificity of the target state at the expense of its stability. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.


PubMed | and Center for Advanced Biotechnology and Medicine
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Biochemistry | Year: 2010

We sought to computationally design model collagen peptides that specifically associate as heterotrimers. Computational design has been successfully applied to the creation of new protein folds and functions. Despite the high abundance of collagen and its key role in numerous biological processes, fibrous proteins have received little attention as computational design targets. Collagens are composed of three polypeptide chains that wind into triple helices. We developed a discrete computational model to design heterotrimer-forming collagen-like peptides. Stability and specificity of oligomerization were concurrently targeted using a combined positive and negative design approach. The sequences of three 30-residue peptides, A, B, and C, were optimized to favor charge-pair interactions in an ABC heterotrimer, while disfavoring the 26 competing oligomers (i.e., AAA, ABB, BCA). Peptides were synthesized and characterized for thermal stability and triple-helical structure by circular dichroism and NMR. A unique A:B:C-type species was not achieved. Negative design was partially successful, with only A + B and B + C competing mixtures formed. Analysis of computed versus experimental stabilities helps to clarify the role of electrostatics and secondary-structure propensities determining collagen stability and to provide important insight into how subsequent designs can be improved.


PubMed | and Center for Advanced Biotechnology and Medicine
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of structural biology | Year: 2014

Net-negatively-charged heterospecific A:B:C collagen peptide heterotrimers were designed using an automated computational approach. The design algorithm considers both target stability and the energy gap between the target states and misfolded competing states. Structural characterization indicates the net-negative charge balance on the new designs enhances the specificity of the target state at the expense of its stability.

Loading and Center for Advanced Biotechnology and Medicine collaborators
Loading and Center for Advanced Biotechnology and Medicine collaborators