ANASB

Caserta, Italy
Caserta, Italy
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Coletta A.,ANASB | Amante L.,ANASB | Fezza C.,Mediterranea Italiana | Neri M.,ANASB | Caso C.,ANASB
Revista Veterinaria | Year: 2010

From the end of the 2004, the morphological evaluation system of the Italian Mediterranean Buffalo population have been changed from a subjective assessment of animal's strengths and weaknesses, to a linear evaluation system. This new system take into account animal morphological defects to assess the real impact of those defects on the buffalo population for selection purposes. In fact, the new form for recording the scores of the linear evaluation system, contains a blank for reporting various defects. The linear system is an objective method of assessment that allows to picture the animal indicating and quantifying the degree of biologic measures. The main purpose of this study was to identify the frequency of each alteration or obvious morphological defect of the animal. It was studied the incidence of each defect on the buffalo population. Moreover, any other possible defect, that may influence negatively the morphology of the animal, was also analyzed.


Vittoria R.,ANASB | De Gregorio A.,Dottore in Science delle Produzioni Animali | Fezza C.,Dottore in Science delle Produzioni Animali | Caso C.,ANASB | And 2 more authors.
Buffalo Bulletin | Year: 2013

Although it is known worldwide that the main purpose of Mediterranean Italian Buffalo breeding, in Italy, is the production of Mozzarella cheese. It's necessary to bear in mind that the selection has not deleted the ancestral features of this race so these are still strongly present. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance, in vivo and post mortem, of the first cuts of meat production in Mediterranean Italian Buffalo young bulls through the survey of the daily weight gain (DWG) and the yield at slaughter (YS) of the subjects under observation. In vivo some biometric measurements were made on a significant number of animals, randomly chosen. Post mortem the sudden yield at slaughter (hot yield) was calculated and the comparison between the last one and the latter yield at slaughter (cold yield) was evaluated. The authors have enclosed the first cuts of MIB meats in a trade set of Campania Region called "Tunno and Coscia" (TC) which includes, in addition to the shank, the following fine cuts of meat: loin, silverside, rump, haunch and knob. The TC was considered the large part of the most fine cuts of MIB meats. All the weight of individual cuts for each animal slaughtered were collected. Has been established behind this work the existence of a positive relationship between TC and dead weight (DW) in the subjects of the trial. In other words has been highlighted that the dead weight influenced positively the rate of "tunno and coscia" in the carcass. This study is useful to help in make decisions to all operators in the field.


Coletta A.,ANASB | Zicarelli L.,University of Naples Federico II
Buffalo Bulletin | Year: 2013

The aim of this study was to make a comparison among the lactations of the buffalo cows that were both members of the Herd Book and under Milk Recordings in order to identify some parameters useful in the planning of milk production and then to improve the deseasonalization of the quantity of produced milk. The milk production primarily depends by the trend of the lactation curve, and the factors which composed it are: peak efficiency and persistence. The previous parameters are the key in the description of the model of the release of milk, particularly: the peak efficiency is the maximum production during the lactation, and the persistence describes the magnitude of the decline in production. The Wood model is the most widely used function for the description of lactation curves because it provide to extrapolate a lot of information relatives to the curve when the data are not available. The Wood model also helps the breeders in the management of the herd, in fact a rational management would implies to estimate the amount of milk that will be produced. The work presented below has availed of the Wood mathematical model (1967) and has established that it is possible to develop a forward estimate of the lactation curve with a good approximation of what will be the future lactations.


Coletta A.,ANASB | Gubitosi L.,ANASB | Loffi C.,University of Bergamo | Potena A.,University of Bergamo
Revista Veterinaria | Year: 2010

The objective of this study was to increase the efficiency of molecular biology protocols to identify buffalo paternity among several possible fathers. To achieve this goal 97 DNA micro-satellites were analyzed. The probability of exclusion, a measure of the accuracy of the analysis, was equal to 0.999999. Four Italian buffalo herds were analyzed. Farm 1 had 182 animals with 9 possible fathers. Farm 2 had 50 animals with 7 possible fathers. Farm 3 had 5 animals with 6 possible fathers. And, Farm 4 had 52 animals with 4 possible fathers. In all herds a unique compatible father was identified. Some animals were found to be incompatible with all possible fathers. After investigations, it was found that some females were covered by males different from those in the groups. About 15,7% of the mothers were found to be incompatibilities with the subjects. This work confirms the validity of the protocol and the advantage of using it for testing buffalo parentage. Especially in those herds, where breeding is carried out by group mating, and calving takes place on open ranges.


Coletta A.,ANASB | Castrillo M.,ANASB
Revista Veterinaria | Year: 2010

The main purpose of this work was to identify the correct functional conformation of hooves of Italian Mediterranean buffalo cows through the identification of buffaloes that showed no defects in perpendicularly foot placed, or claw malformations. To achieve this goal two groups of animals in two commercial herds located in the Piana del Sele (Salerno) were monitored for a year. Every four months five claw measurements were collected for each animal in each group (height of the heel, length and width of the sole, length of the wall and the perpendicular distance between the coronary band and the sole). The work has provided index for the detection of ideal claws in Italian Mediterranean Buffalo cows.


Caso C.,ANASB | Amante L.,ANASB | Neri M.,ANASB | Coletta A.,ANASB
Revista Veterinaria | Year: 2010

The main purpose of this study was to identify a new score (production capacity) to include in the linear type evaluation of the Mediterranean Italian Buffalo cows. This new score contained information regardless two partial scores (milk and body capabilities) that are present in the current system, collected by the Italian Buffalo Breeders' Association (ANASB). First, it was investigated if there were significant differences on the final score of buffalo cows evaluated with both systems: with a five partial score system (current system) and with a four partial score system (proposed system). To test the validity of the new linear evaluation system, the final score was calculated with both systems on 400 buffaloes located in 20 different herds in the provinces of Caserta, Salerno, Latina and Campobasso. Linear scores were evaluated by four experts. After testing the validity of the new method, 22 buffalo cows were selected from a farm in the province of Caserta. Each of the four expert evaluated those buffaloes by both methods. The result of the analysis of the partial scores on the final score obtained by the two methods showed the similarity of the two systems. In fact, the class of score did not changed for the same buffaloes evaluated with the two methods. Then, a simulation of a new allocation of the weights of the partial scores on the final score was performed. A higher weight was attributed to the structure and the feet partial scores. The results of this simulation showed that the average final score of the animals tended to decrease compared to the current weights attributed to the partial scores. And, in some cases, the final score class of the animals also decreased. In conclusion, modifications on the number and the weight of the partial scores on the final score will be helpful to improve the linear evaluation of the Mediterranean Italian Buffalo cows.


Coletta A.,ANASB | Castrillo M.,ANASB | Caso C.,ANASB | Parlato E.,ANASB
Revista Veterinaria | Year: 2010

The object of this work was to determine the influence of trimming hooves on claw growth and claw reduction of Mediterranean Italian Buffalo cows. Data from Mediterranean Italian Buffalo cows of two commercial dairy herds in the province of Salerno were used in this study. Buffalo cows were divided into three groups according to the presence of absence of abnormal claw growth and trimming claws. For two groups of animals, five hoof measurements (the height of the heel, the length and width of the sole, the length of the foot wall and the perpendicular distance between the coronary band and the sole) were collected each four months. Whereas, hooves were trimmed to the third group of buffaloes and claw measurements were taken before and after the trimming procedure. Hoof growth and its reduction was monitored for one year by collecting each four months the same measurements as the other two groups of animals. The results showed significant differences in hoof growth between animals with hoof problems and animals without hoof problems or with trimmed hooves.

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