Anambra State, Nigeria

Anambra State University
Anambra State, Nigeria

Anambra State University, was established by law No. 13 of 2000 by the Anambra State Government. The University was conceived a 2-Campus structure with the main campus of the University located at Uli in the former site of the Ekwenugo Okeke Polytechnic, formally called Anambra state Polytechnic and the second campus located at Igbariam in the former site of the College of Agriculture. The law establishing the University phased out the State Polytechnic and the University inherited its assets and liabilities. On the other hand, the University law failed to repeal the Edict establishing the College of Agriculture, Igbariam, hence, legally, the University and the College existed side by side at the Igbariam Campus site, until 2006 when the government relocated the College of Agriculture to Mgbakwu, about fifteen kilometers away from Igbariam.By the Anambra State University Amendment Law No. ANHA2006Weekend Degree Programme at the Igbariam Campus.The University shall commence new programmes in the following areas in next academic year:Music, Philosophy and Religion 2009 academic year. The National Universities Commission visited these medical programmes on resource verification in 2011 and the results were favourable and successful.With respect to the Clinical Programmes of the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery based at Awka using the structures and facilities of the former Amaku-General Hospital, the Government of Anambra State has just constructed multi-million naira physical structures to accommodate the Clinical Programmes of the Medical School as well as its Teaching Hospital Professional bodies accreditationThe University has not fared badly in the professional bodies’ accreditation visits. So far, it had received full and interim accreditation from the following professional bodies.Council for Regulation of Engineering in Nigeria ; with respect to Civil Engineering and Mechanical Engineering , while Chemical Engineering and Electrical Engineering received interim accreditation.Council of Legal Education; in respect of the University’s Law programmes . Another accreditation visit by Council of Legal Education is slated for 15–17 November 2009.Institute of Chartered Accountant of Nigeria ; in respect of the Accountancy programmes .Council for the Regulation of Practice of Geology; granted interim accreditation status to the University’s Geology Programmes.Nigerian Institute of Architects ; granted interim accreditation status to the Architecture programme after the Institute’s visit in July, 2008..On the 2nd of November 2013 the Governor of Anambra state His excellency Gov. Peter Obi renamed the State owned university; Anambra State University Uli to Chukwuemeka Odimegwu Ojukwu University Anambra as a way of immortalizing the late Igbo Leader Dim Odimegwu Ojujkwu Wikipedia.

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Onuchukwu C.C.,Anambra State University
Astrophysics and Space Science | Year: 2017

We examined the influence of environmental/intrinsic factors on the apparent asymmetries observed in the arm-lengths and luminosities of the lobes of double extragalactic radio sources. We showed that the observed arm-length ratio (Q′) is modified by environmental/intrinsic factors, which increases with increasing anisotropy in the environment. Also the modification seems higher for quasars than for FR-II radio galaxies. Using the power-law model of flux evolution in extragalactic radio sources, our analysis showed similar trend in the modification of observed lobe luminosity ratio by environmental/intrinsic factors. Our result also showed that the environmental influence on the observed asymmetries increases as radio source linear size decreases and seems higher for radio sources with observed lobe luminosity ratio (R< 1 ) than for radio sources with R≥ 1. © 2017, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

Nenna M.G.,Anambra State University
Journal of Agricultural and Food Information | Year: 2012

This article assessed women's participation in fisheries activities from 100 respondents using purposive and convenience sampling. The results revealed that young, married, and experienced women with no formal education dominated fisheries activities. The majority (76%) learned of fisheries technologies from sources other than extension and 68% of the respondents were involved in fish processing. The women reported problems that hindered improvement in the fisheries sub-sector. Regression analysis indicated a significant positive relationship between marital status, educational attainment, household size, and years of experience on the women's level of income at a 5% probability level. The authors call for increased extension efforts, improved access to education for women and girls, and greater accessibility to credit facilities. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Three species of exotic fish imported into Nigeria namely; Sardina pilchardus (Walbaum, 1792) Trachurus trachurus (Linnaeus, 1758) and Scomber scombrus (Linnaeus, 1758) were analyzed to determine the proximate composition of its nutrients and the contents of some of its macro- and micro - minerals using the methods recommended by AOAC. These fishes were bought from a major cool storage facility in Calabar, Nigeria. This cool storage facility is one of the major outlets for the distribution of imported frozen foods in the Cross River State of Nigeria. From this facility, the fish and other frozen and imported foods are distributed to retailers for sale in open market while still frozen. Results showed that the moisture content of these species were not significant (p>0.05). The crude protein ranged from 14.02-19.5% while the fat values were 9.9, 7.4 and 9.5% in S. scombrus, T. trachurus and S. pilchardus respectively, measured values for ash in the species were low between 1.30-1.53%. The mineral content of the three species were equally not significantly different from each other (p>0.05). Some macro-elements were high with calcium measuring 2.60 mg/100 gm in S. pilchardus while the value of iron ranged from 0.03-0.05 mg/100 gm in the species. We observed that the concentration of copper was high exceeding the WHO recommended safety limits for metals in seas foods. © Asian Network for Scientific Information, 2011.

Okereke N.A.,Anambra State University | Ekpunobi A.J.,Nnamdi Azikiwe University
Chalcogenide Letters | Year: 2010

Tin selenide (SnSe) thin films have been prepared using chemical bath deposition technique. Deposition at various deposition conditions was studied in order to investigate the effect of these parameters on the film properties. The structural, morphological and optical properties of films were studied by using x - ray diffraction (XRD), optical microscopy (OM) and the spectrophotometer. The films prepared were found to be polycrystalline in nature. XRD studied confirms the formation of orthorhombic selenide structure with the preferred orientation along the (210) plane. The material covered the surface of the substrate completely. The optical band gap was found to be indirect, which was equal to 1.5 eV.

Aniebo A.O.,Anambra State University | Owen O.J.,Rivers State University of Science And Technology
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2010

The effects of age at which House Fly Larvae (HFL) is harvested and method of drying the larvae, on its proximate values were studied. Larvae were harvested on three different days representing three different ages and the harvested larvae were dried using both oven and sun light. Results revealed that protein content of HFL processed into meal after drying significantly (p<0.05) reduced as the age of larvae increased from 55.4% on 2 day old, through 50.2% on three-day old, to 47.1% on four day old. On the other hand, fat content increased with increase in age of HFL, from 20.8% at age of 2 days, through 22.2% at age of 3 days to 25.3% at the age of 4 days. Fibre content minimally increased with age. Oven-dried maggots had mean higher protein content (50.9%) and less fat (22.8%) than sun dried maggots (47 and 26.4% respectively). Therefore, for maximum protein yield, HFL should be harvested at 2 days old. However, where maggot fat is needed in a diet, increased biomass and or ease of harvesting, processing at later age (4 days old) became desirable. Oven-drying is recommended for superior protein and in rainy season, while sun drying produced higher fat and was cheaper. © Asian Network for Scientific Information, 2010.

Agboke A.A.,University of Uyo | Esimone C.O.,Anambra State University
Journal of Medicinal Plants Research | Year: 2011

Ampicillin is a member of the group of antibiotics called penicillin otherwise known as B-lactam drugs; it is a selective inhibitor of bacterial cell wall synthesis and therefore is active against growing bacteria. Ampicillin is one of the most widely prescribed antibiotics. It is considered as penicillin and is a close relative of amoxicillin. Unlike penicillin, ampicillin and amoxicillin can penetrate and prevent the growth of certain types of bacteria, called gram-negative bacteria. Ampicillin is used mainly to treat infections of the middle ear, sinuses, bladder, kidney, and uncomplicated gonorrhea. It is used intravenously to treat meningitis and other serious infections. The activities of this antibiotic were in some cases hindered by the b-lactamase producing resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus. Antimicrobial interaction screening of the methanol extract with ampicillin, reveled that most of the combination ratio of methanol extract and ampicillin shows synergism while few were additive and no indifference and antagonism. This shows that in the treatment of infections of S. aureus the combination of the methanol extract of Lichen, Ramalina Farinacea and ampicilin can be used together to enhance potency of the ampicilin in some cases of infection by S. aureus. ©2011 Academic Journals.

Ujowundu C.O.,Anambra State University
International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature | Year: 2013

In a patriarchal society, women are faced with all sorts of dehumanisation ranging from deprivation, negligence, maltreatment, marginalisation, oppression, subjugation, exploitation, humiliation and even isolation, all of which emanate from aspects of the people’s culture. As a result, women now cry out for such aspects of the culture that undermine their wellbeing and emancipation to be eradicated. They, therefore, struggle for equality and emancipation in the male dominated society, especially the African society under study here. In this direction, literature becomes a tool for them to create awareness that the modern African woman through educational attainments is not just fighting for rights and privileges but also for something that must let the society understand that the women demand equal opportunities as human beings. Literature has, therefore, become a tool used to reflect the harsh realities of human lives, especially by the female writers like Ngozi Chuma-Udeh and some others concerning the socio-political, economic and religious realities of the womenfolk. Since literature has been found a veritable source of inspiration for national consciousness, it has become part of human life and existence, offering light, giving meaning and interpretation to man and his society as he struggles and aspires for a desired and cherished future. In the African society, for instance, women are seen not heard. They live under the shadows of men form their maiden homes to their matrimonial homes hence, they are regarded as second class citizens. They are usually neglected as their opinions are never sought before decisions are taken even in matters that directly affect them. In marriage, proposals are made to their fathers, or other male members of the family in the event of the father’s death. In fact, in the African society, which is under study here, women are seen as mere tools of necessity-housewives, child bearers, gratifiers of men’s sexual passion; and worst of all, not consulted in the decision making processes in their communities. The women as wives are expected to be submissive, obedient, unquestioning and servile while any challenge to these attributes attracts social disfavour. So the clearly defined roles for women are passed on to the girl-child as she grows. As soon as she is able to do things for herself, she starts assuming the roles society has mapped out for her: learning how to cook, care for the home, helping with everything else the mother does, and preparing for womanhood and matrimony. This paper, therefore, takes a critical look into Ngozi Chuma-Udeh’s novel that advocates a new dawn for the women. The novelist wants the men to reconsider their negative notions about women and to also appreciate their contributions in the well-being of their societies, their families and the upbringing of the children. © Australian International Academic Centre, Australia.

Okonkwo A.U.,Anambra State University
WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment | Year: 2014

Awka, the capital of Anambra State of Nigeria is presently experiencing various forms of waste management problems and is more or less already in a state of visual devastation. Methods of solid waste management are grossly inadequate and this could be attributed to approaches, which are not all embracing. Solid waste management in Awka has experienced change from one management agency to another without yielding the desired results. The existing approaches have often treated solid waste disposal as independent from solid waste generation or density of the population generating the waste or the characteristics of the waste being generated. This paper is emphasizing that, for an effective waste management system; there should be a well-articulated plan of the various attributes of the system. The degree of effectiveness is measured by the volume of actually generated waste and the rate at which it is evacuated. © 2014 WIT Press.

Ezegwui H.U.,University of Nigeria | Ikeako L.C.,Anambra State University | Egbuji C.,University of Nigeria
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice | Year: 2011

Background: In modern obstetrics, fetal macrosomia is a major contributor to obstetric morbidity. It is an important cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Aim: This study aims to determine the maternal characteristics, fetal and neonatal complications associated with fetal macrosomia, and its contribution to obstetric morbidity in Enugu, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This was a 3-year retrospective study carried out from 1st January 2005 to 31st December 2007. Results: There were a total of 434 cases of fetal macrosomia out of 5,365 deliveries. The incidence of fetal macrosomia was 8.1%. Only 311 case notes (71.6%) were available for analysis. Statistical analysis showed that mothers of macrosomic newborns were older (30.6 ± 5.6 vs. 27.4 ± 4.74; P = 0.001), higher parity (4.1 ± 2.7 vs. 2.5 ± 1.07; P = 0.001), and weighed more at term (89.13 ± 6.17 kg vs. 71.43 ± 5.27 kg; P = 0.002). The study group had more mothers with previous history of macrosomic babies (39.5% vs. 12.5%), diabetes (3.2% vs. 1%), significant higher cesarian section rate (27.3% vs. 11.9%, P = 0.001), and operative vaginal delivery (3.6% vs. 1%; P = 0.001) compared with the control. There was male dominance in the study group compared with the control (63% vs. 56.3%; P = 0.001), higher risk of fetal asphyxia (P = 0.001), and greater mean birth weight (3.6 ± 1.2 kg vs. 3.2 ± 0.6 kg; P = 0.002). There were 7 (2.3%) cases of shoulder dystocia in the macrosomic group and none in the non-macrosomic group. The stillbirth rate (3.2/1000) was the same in both study group and control. This was not statistically significant (P = 0.124). Conclusion: The precise determination of fetal weight is only done at delivery. Clinical and ultrasound determination of fetal weight are highly imprecise especially at the third trimester. The route of delivery should therefore be individualized.

Atuanya C.U.,Anambra State University | Aigbodion V.S.,University of Nigeria | Nwigbo S.C.,Anambra State University
Materials and Design | Year: 2014

The experimental study of the thermal and wear properties of developed composite material from recycled polyethylene/breadfruit seed hull ash particulate (BFSHAp) composites were investigated. The composites were produced by compounding and compressive moulding method. Thermogravimetric analyzer was used for the thermal analysis. The wear test was performed using pin on disc machine. Both tests were conducted using full factorial design of three factors-two levels. Scanning electron microscope was used for the morphology of the samples before and after the wear test. The results obtained show that for the thermal analysis the temperatures of weight loss from 10% to 100% (777.33) was the most significant parameter having the highest statistical influence on the thermal decomposition, followed by breadfruit fruit seed hull ash (520.11) and the interaction between the temperatures of weight loss from 10% to 100% and breadfruit fruit seed hull ash (133.75). The wear rate, the sliding speed (p= 0.0021), applied load (p= 0.0060), BFSHAp (0.0060) has the great influence on the wear behavior of the developed composites. The interaction between applied load/BFSHAp (0.0061) also has an influence on the wear. The values obtained from the empirical models were found to compare favorably with the experimental values. These models performances were therefore found to be satisfactory and show good predictability. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

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