Jena, Germany
Jena, Germany

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Bauer M.,Jena University Hospital | Giamarellos-Bourboulis E.J.,Jena University Hospital | Giamarellos-Bourboulis E.J.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Kortgen A.,Jena University Hospital | And 11 more authors.
EBioMedicine | Year: 2016

Development of a dysregulated immune response discriminates sepsis from uncomplicated infection. Currently used biomarkers fail to describe simultaneously occurring pro- and anti-inflammatory responses potentially amenable to therapy.Marker candidates were screened by microarray and, after transfer to a platform allowing point-of-care testing, validated in a confirmation set of 246 medical and surgical patients. We identified up-regulated pathways reflecting innate effector mechanisms, while down-regulated pathways related to adaptive lymphocyte functions. A panel of markers composed of three up- (Toll-like receptor 5; Protectin; Clusterin) and 4 down-regulated transcripts (Fibrinogen-like 2; Interleukin-7 receptor; Major histocompatibility complex class II, DP alpha1; Carboxypeptidase, vitellogenic-like) described the magnitude of immune alterations. The created gene expression score was significantly greater in patients with definite as well as with possible/probable infection than with no infection (median (Q25/Q75): 80 (60/101)) and 81 (58/97 vs. 49 (27/66), AUC-ROC = 0.812 (95%-CI 0.755-0.869), p. <. 0.0001). Down-regulated lymphocyte markers were associated with prognosis with good sensitivity but limited specificity.Quantifying systemic inflammation by assessment of both pro- and anti-inflammatory innate and adaptive immune responses provides a novel option to identify patients-at-risk and may facilitate immune interventions in sepsis. © 2016 The Authors.


PubMed | Analytik Jena AG Germany, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, University of Toronto, Institute Pasteur Paris and 4 more.
Type: | Journal: EBioMedicine | Year: 2016

Development of a dysregulated immune response discriminates sepsis from uncomplicated infection. Currently used biomarkers fail to describe simultaneously occurring pro- and anti-inflammatory responses potentially amenable to therapy. Marker candidates were screened by microarray and, after transfer to a platform allowing point-of-care testing, validated in a confirmation set of 246 medical and surgical patients. We identified up-regulated pathways reflecting innate effector mechanisms, while down-regulated pathways related to adaptive lymphocyte functions. A panel of markers composed of three up- (Toll-like receptor 5; Protectin; Clusterin) and 4 down-regulated transcripts (Fibrinogen-like 2; Interleukin-7 receptor; Major histocompatibility complex class II, DP alpha1; Carboxypeptidase, vitellogenic-like) described the magnitude of immune alterations. The created gene expression score was significantly greater in patients with definite as well as with possible/probable infection than with no infection (median (Q25/Q75): 80 (60/101)) and 81 (58/97 vs. 49 (27/66), AUC-ROC=0.812 (95%-CI 0.755-0.869), p<0.0001). Down-regulated lymphocyte markers were associated with prognosis with good sensitivity but limited specificity. Quantifying systemic inflammation by assessment of both pro- and anti-inflammatory innate and adaptive immune responses provides a novel option to identify patients-at-risk and may facilitate immune interventions in sepsis.

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