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Nabuls, Palestine

An-Najah National University is a Palestinian non-governmental public university governed by a board of Trustees. It is located in Nablus, in the northern West Bank. The university has over 22,000 students and 300 professors in 19 faculties. It is the largest Palestinian university. Wikipedia.

Factor V leiden G1691A/R506Q (FVL), prothrombin G20210A (FII) and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T are related genetic risk factors for venous thromboembolism. Analysis for those mutations is increasingly being performed on patients exhibiting hypercoagulability. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of FVL, FII-G20210A and MTHFR-C677T polymorphisms and their coexistence among apparently healthy Palestinians. After institutional approval, 303 apparently healthy students from An-Najah University representative to North and South regions of West Bank with no previous history of cardiovascular diseases participated in this study. A uniform questionnaire was used to collect relevant information through personal interview with the subjects. The collected information included gender, age, smoking habits, weight and height, diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular and family history of CVD. The frequencies of allelic distribution of the three prothrombotic polymorphisms factor V G1691A/R506Q), prothrombin G2010A, and MTHFR-C677T were 0.114, 0.050 and 0.071, respectively. The prevalence of the three thrombotic polymorphisms (FVL, FII G20210A and MTHFR-C677T) were 20.1, 9.1 and 13.8 %, respectively. Statistical analysis for factor V leiden showed no significant association between place of residence (P value = 0.953) and gender (P value>0.082). The data presented in this study showed the highest prevalence of FVL among healthy Palestinians compared to other populations and this important finding should be followed in terms of clinical significance. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012.

Ikhdair S.M.,An Najah National University | Falaye B.J.,Federal University, Lafia | Hamzavi M.,University of Zanjan
Annals of Physics | Year: 2015

By using the wave function ansatz method, we study the energy eigenvalues and wave function for any arbitrary m-state in two-dimensional Schrödinger wave equation with various power interaction potentials in constant magnetic and Aharonov-Bohm (AB) flux fields perpendicular to the plane where the interacting particles are confined. We calculate the energy levels of some diatomic molecules in the presence and absence of external magnetic and AB flux fields using different potential models. We found that the effect of the Aharonov-Bohm field is much as it creates a wider shift for m≠. 0 and its influence on m=. 0 states is found to be greater than that of the magnetic field. To show the accuracy of the present model, a comparison is made with those ones obtained in the absence of external fields. An extension to 3-dimensional quantum system have also been presented. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.

Information about the rate of smoking and factors associated with initiating and maintaining the behaviour is scarce in Palestine. The aim of this study was to explore the rate of and attitudes towards smoking among An-Najah National University students. During spring 2010, a questionnaire adopted from the Global Health Professionals Survey and the Global Youth Tobacco Survey was administered to 954 randomly selected full-time students. Overall 34.7% of the study sample were cigarette or waterpipe smokers, and this rate was higher among males than females (52.7% versus 16.5%). In logistic regression analysis, sex (male), type of college (humanities), older age and higher family income were predictors of current smoking status. Smokers had more negative attitudes to banning smoking in public areas on campus and to education about the harmful effects of smoking. Antismoking programmes with special attention to males and students in humanities are badly needed.

Al-Ramahi R.,An Najah National University
International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics | Year: 2013

Purpose: This research aims to describe the extent of self-medication, assess possible factors associated with it, identify patients' reasons for self-medication and their attitudes towards the role of pharmacists in self-care so that future interventions can be documented and planned. Methods: A cross-sectional study using a questionnaire was conducted. Questionnaires were distributed randomly to 565 persons from all over the West Bank. The questionnaire covered self-medication purchases and experience with minor illnesses. Results: From 565 people approached. 400 (70.8%) agreed to participate in the study. Self-medication was reported by 87.0% (n = 348) of cases interviewed, among them 224 (56.0%) used at least one medication without consulting a doctor in the previous month. Analgesics were the most common class used in self-medication by 317 (79.2%) respondents, followed by flu medications (233, 45.3%), and antibiotics (132, 33.0%). The majority reported that they selected medications based on selfdecision and previous use (233, 58.2%). Advice received from pharmacists was another important factor in 216 (54.0%). The most common reasons for self-medication were: their ailments being minor (341, 85.2%) and they had this medical problem before 198 (49.5%). Among 397 respondents, 335 (84.4%) either strongly agreed or agreed that the community pharmacists play an important role in providing advice - when needed - for self-medication. Conclusions: Self-medication practices have been common among people in Palestine. There has been a high rate of using antibiotics without prescription, which requires suitable regulations and interventions to solve this problem. The results have shown a positive attitude towards the role of pharmacists in self-care. Community pharmacists have the potential to make a huge impact in ensuring that medicines are used appropriately. © 2013 Dustri-Verlag Dr. K. Feistle.

Hussein A.S.,An Najah National University
Tropical Medicine and International Health | Year: 2011

Objectives To assess the prevalence of intestinal parasite infections in northern districts of West Bank, Palestine and to determine associated sociodemographic factors.Methods Random sampling of schoolchildren from rural and urban areas was carried out. Participants provided faecal samples and answered a questionnaire about their demographics and hygiene habits. Faecal samples underwent microscopy and PCR to screen for protozoan and helminths.Results Seven hundred and thirty-five samples were collected from children aged 9.5 years on average. The overall prevalence of parasitic infection was 22.2%. The rates of infections with amoeba, Giardia intestinalis, Entrobius vermicularis and Ascaris lumbricoides were 9.7%, 4.1%, 1.6% and 3.8%, respectively. Real-time PCR was performed to differentiate between Entamoeba histolytica and Entamoeba dispar. Results showed that 14% of samples positive with microscopy for amoeba were positive for E. histolytica. There was no significant association between sex and rates of infections (P-value > 0.05). There were, however, significant association between parasite infections and parents' education, place of residence, washing hands habits (P-value > 0.05). No significant association was found with number of family members or eating in school canteens (P-value > 0.05).Conclusions Intestinal parasite infections are endemic in West Bank. Interventions such as health education and sanitation are needed. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

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