JNMC AMU Aligarh

Alīgarh, India

JNMC AMU Aligarh

Alīgarh, India
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This report describes the diagnostic, morbid, anatomical and histopathological features of pyelocalyceal cysts with hydrotic nephritis of the kidney in a 3-year-old boy, and discusses the pathogenesis. Calyceal cysts gave rise to a 'large blue cystic lobulated kidney' with microscopic changes in nephrons identifiable as 'hydrotic nephritic glomerulosclerosis'. Pelvic and calyceal cysts were identifiable by location, number, arrangement, and morbid anatomical and microscopic features of their lining walls. Such cysts may develop due to partial or complete obliterate adhesions at the uretero-pelvic and pyelocalyceal junctions. Patent calyceo-tubulonephric junctions in such cases may give rise to hydrotic nephritis. Pyelocalyceal cystic disease with hydrotic nephritis of the kidney needs to be distinguished from megacalycosis and hydronephrosis and deserves recognition. Observations in this case may provide the basis for future classifications of cystic renal diseases.


Naim M.,JNMC AMU Aligarh | Kumar A.,JNMC AMU Aligarh | Gaur K.,JNMC AMU Aligarh | John V.T.,JNMC AMU Aligarh
BMJ Case Reports | Year: 2010

Oestrogen-progestrone-Her2neu receptor status was studied in various loci/foci of heterogeneous carcinoma of the breast and its metastatic secretory component in the lymph node in a lactating woman. All the carcinoma variants were negative for the trio markers except tumour components evolved to secretory or lactating carcinoma, which showed focal positivity. Findings showed that oestrogenic receptors, progesterone receptors and Her2neu negative primitive carcinoma in a heterogenous breast cancer may evolve into oestrogen receptor, progesterone receptor and Her2neu positive secretory /lactating carcinoma alongside other receptor negative carcinoma variants. Focal marker positivity/negativity underlined the fact that a diagnostic/prognostic marker status report may account for the tumour area included in the section/sample only. Study of the immune marker expression/status in various loci may help identification of the components, morphogenesis and dynamics of heterogeneous carcinoma of the breast.


Naim M.,JNMC AMU Aligarh | John V.T.,JNMC AMU Aligarh | Gaur K.,JNMC AMU Aligarh | Anees A.,JNMC AMU Aligarh
BMJ Case Reports | Year: 2010

This report documents the diagnostic histopathological features of heterogeneous breast carcinoma following sepsis and disruption of the lactiferous ducts in a lactating woman and discusses the pathogenesis. Sections from the nipple revealed disrupted collecting lactiferous ducts presenting with intraduct precarcinoma and carcinoma of the epidermoid type, and attached reparative sprouts lined by lactiferous cells. Breast lobules showed generalised benign adenotic change with various foci of carcinoma microscopically identifiable as intraduct primitive lactiferal ectodermal carcinoma, lactating carcinoma, primitive neuroendocrine carcinoma and myoepithelioid granulomatous carcinoma. The findings led to the conclusion that the lactiferous ducts are susceptible to sepsis and disruption, which may predispose a patient to breast carcinoma. The pattern of carcinoma suggested that lactiferous epithelial cells behaved colonially, with different metaplastic changes, precarcinoma and carcinoma.


This report documents the diagnostic histopathological features of heterogeneous breast carcinoma following sepsis and disruption of the lactiferous ducts in a lactating woman and discusses the pathogenesis. Sections from the nipple revealed disrupted collecting lactiferous ducts presenting with intraduct precarcinoma and carcinoma of the epidermoid type, and attached reparative sprouts lined by lactiferous cells. Breast lobules showed generalised benign adenotic change with various foci of carcinoma microscopically identifiable as intraduct primitive lactiferal ectodermal carcinoma, lactating carcinoma, primitive neuroendocrine carcinoma and myoepithelioid granulomatous carcinoma. The findings led to the conclusion that the lactiferous ducts are susceptible to sepsis and disruption, which may predispose a patient to breast carcinoma. The pattern of carcinoma suggested that lactiferous epithelial cells behaved colonially, with different metaplastic changes, precarcinoma and carcinoma.


Oestrogen-progestrone-Her2neu receptor status was studied in various loci/foci of heterogeneous carcinoma of the breast and its metastatic secretory component in the lymph node in a lactating woman. All the carcinoma variants were negative for the trio markers except tumour components evolved to secretory or lactating carcinoma, which showed focal positivity. Findings showed that oestrogenic receptors, progesterone receptors and Her2neu negative primitive carcinoma in a heterogenous breast cancer may evolve into oestrogen receptor, progesterone receptor and Her2neu positive secretory/lactating carcinoma alongside other receptor negative carcinoma variants. Focal marker positivity/negativity underlined the fact that a diagnostic/prognostic marker status report may account for the tumour area included in the section/sample only. Study of the immune marker expression/status in various loci may help identification of the components, morphogenesis and dynamics of heterogeneous carcinoma of the breast.


PubMed | Jnmc Amu Aligarh
Type: | Journal: BMJ case reports | Year: 2011

This study presents diagnostic histopathological features of a primary embryoid teratomatous neoplasm in the gall bladder of a 60-year-old woman, and also discusses its pathogenesis. Sections revealed immature and typical embryoid bodies and dispersed syncytial trophoblasts along with mature and immature neuroectodermal and mesodermal elements. The residual endothelial lining of the gall bladder showed in situ and proliferative changes characteristic of an endodermal tumour. Ultrasonographic and magnetic resonance imaging findings of the rest of the abdominal and pelvic organs appeared normal. Results show that the mature adult gall bladder is susceptible to primary neoplasms of a primitive nature ranging from immature embryoma and teratoma to neuroectodermal tumour. Such primitive neoplasms in adult organs where benign neuroectodermal elements are present may evolve from a constituent cell of an adult organ acquired during embryogenesis from a morula that differentiated into trophoblastic (outer) and embryoblastic (inner) cells, and existing dormant cells at rest until reactivation during oncogenesis.

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