Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research AISSR

Netherlands

Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research AISSR

Netherlands
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Grant
Agency: Narcis | Branch: Project | Program: Completed | Phase: Physics, Chemistry and Medicine | Award Amount: | Year: 2008

The number of Turkish and Moroccan patients with incurable cancer is increasing. Cognitions and attributions about cancer and dying are culturally influenced. Wishes and needs of Turkish and Moroccan patients regarding medical care differ from those of native Dutch people. Aim of the study is to get insight in decision making and communication between medical professionals and Turkish and Moroccan patients with cancer and their proxys and to develop recommendations and tools to improve this communication and decision making.


Grant
Agency: Narcis | Branch: Project | Program: Completed | Phase: Social Sciences | Award Amount: | Year: 2007

Despite discouraging measures from inter-governmental conventions, more and more people from western countries are adopting foreign children. While most academic research on international adoption focuses on either psychological or pedagogical aspects of adoption, this research project investigates social paradigms informing practices of adoption, thereby including important variables such as ethnicity, multiculturalism, migration, economy, and global politics. To study the interrelation between adoption practices and adoption discourses, it is crucial to study the ways in which international adoption is institutionalized. Central in this process are adoption agencies. Increasingly, they have become the brokers of adoption, mediating between birth parents, orphanages, adoptive parents, and various state agents from sending and receiving countries. As such, they contribute not only to shaping practices of adoption but also to facilitating the idea that international adoption is a viable option. The focus of this study, therefore, is on practices of international adoption through the spectre of these adoption agencies. The aim of the research is to examine how adoption practices are informed by socio-economic, cultural and political discourses and how they in turn contribute to shaping adoption paradigms in society.


Van Voorst R.S.,Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research AISSR | Handgraaf. M.J.J.,Wageningen University
Proceedings of the 4th International Disaster and Risk Conference: Integrative Risk Management in a Changing World - Pathways to a Resilient Society, IDRC Davos 2012 | Year: 2012

It has been widely observed that people's responses to natural disasters are heterogeneous, and that many individuals 'at risk' exploit coping-strategies that go against formal safety advises. Resultant, risk-reduction measures in communities 'at risk' are often unsuccessful. This paper aims to increase understandings of people's coping behaviour by integrating relevant cognitive factors into sociological disaster perspectives. The case study as presented in this paper is mainly based on ethnographic data that were obtained during a year of fieldwork in one of the poorest and severely flood-prone settlements in Jakarta, Indonesia. Mixed quantitative and qualitative methods were used to collect detailed data on the ways in which individuals cope with flooding, on the ways in which they perceive flood-risk and on self-efficacy beliefs. The main empirical findings suggest that cognitive aspects, much more than the structural factors that are currently perceived as determining, influence risk-behaviour.


Grant
Agency: Narcis | Branch: Project | Program: Completed | Phase: Social Sciences | Award Amount: | Year: 2007

The research explores Bedouin womens experiences and strategies concerning reproductive health and the inter-cultural encounters they involve. As not solely medical staff and encounters convey the cultural and political constituents of biomedicine; social policy, popular culture and lay interaction often convey various translations of biomedical assumptions and constructs.


Grant
Agency: Narcis | Branch: Project | Program: Completed | Phase: Social Sciences | Award Amount: | Year: 2007

This study is a multi-level study and explores 3 different aspects: to explore socio-political and legal-political perceptions of violent children; to study the day-to-day enactment of childrens lives in Places of Safety; and finally, to describe childrens own experiences, perceptions and strategies regarding violence outside and inside the institution.


Grant
Agency: Narcis | Branch: Project | Program: Completed | Phase: Social Sciences | Award Amount: | Year: 2007

The research intends to offer explanations for the voluntary (im)mobility on the Dutch labor market. A job is more than a financial matter. People like to have a nice job as well. What a nice job is not based on individual preferences alone, what others do and how one is supposed to behave play a dominant role in the decisions individuals make. Using data of the Labour supply panel of the Institute for Labour Studies (OSA), the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) and the European Value Study (EVS) she will investigate if (im)mobility is induced by individual material and immaterial incentives or / and by collective material and immaterial incentives and whether individual and normative opinions on the importance of different job aspects differ for different institutional contexts.


Grant
Agency: Narcis | Branch: Project | Program: Completed | Phase: Social Sciences | Award Amount: | Year: 2007

None


Grant
Agency: Narcis | Branch: Project | Program: Completed | Phase: Social Sciences | Award Amount: | Year: 2007

None


Grant
Agency: Narcis | Branch: Project | Program: Completed | Phase: Social Sciences | Award Amount: | Year: 2007

This research attempts to analyse how involvement in jihad war affects the social and political life of non-local Muslim fighters who joined the communal conflicts in Ambon and Poso (Central Sulawesi) during the early stages of democratic transition in Indonesia after 1998. In contrast to most studies that focus exclusively on conflict situations and mobilization processes, this project will focus on the situation and network in the post jihad period. The research will endeavour to trace people who joined the conflict through particular networks with shared identity politics and ideological concepts. It will ask whether they either maintain their previous attributes in the post jihad period or adopt different ones. The research will focus on demobilisation processes in the aftermath of jihad and how these influence the dynamics of identity politics among the actors. The research has an actor-oriented approach as it is primarily centred on Jihad activists. It aims to follow jihad activists after their involvement in Poso and Ambon . The research will apply a biographical approach by investigating the life-histories of actors: before, during and after their participation in jihad. The research will contribute to understanding of the post jihad experience so far overlooked by academics. It will also contribute to knowledge of demobilization processes and the re-stabilization of identity politics within the framework of social movement studies.


Soria-Lara J.A.,Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research AISSR | Bertolini L.,Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research AISSR | te Brommelstroet M.,Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research AISSR
Environmental Impact Assessment Review | Year: 2015

The effectiveness of EIA for evaluating transport planning projects is increasingly being questioned by practitioners, institutions and scholars. The academic literature has traditionally focused more on solving content-related problems with EIA (i.e. the measurement of environmental effects) than on process-related issues (i.e. the role of EIA in the planning process and the interaction between key actors). Focusing only on technical improvements is not sufficient for rectifying the effectiveness problems of EIA. In order to address this knowledge gap, the paper explores how EIA is experienced in the Spanish planning context and offers in-depth insight into EIA process-related issues in the field of urban transport planning. From the multitude of involved actors, the research focuses on exploring the perceptions of the two main professional groups: EIA developers and transport planners. Through a web-based survey we assess the importance of process-related barriers to the effective use of EIA in urban transport planning. The analyses revealed process issues based fundamentally on unstructured stakeholders involvement and an inefficient public participation. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.

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