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Breda, Netherlands

Heidbuchel H.,Catholic University of Leuven | Verhamme P.,Catholic University of Leuven | Alings M.,Amphia Ziekenhuis | Antz M.,Klinikum Oldenburg | And 6 more authors.
Europace | Year: 2013

New oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are an alternative for vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) to prevent stroke in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF). Both physicians and patients will have to learn how to use these drugs effectively and safely in clinical practice. Many unresolved questions on how to optimally use these drugs in specific clinical situations remain. The European Heart Rhythm Association set out to coordinate a unified way of informing physicians on the use of the different NOACs. A writing group listed 15 topics of concrete clinical scenarios and formulated as practical answers as possible based on available evidence. The 15 topics are: (1) Practical start-up and follow-up scheme for patients on NOACs; (2) How to measure the anticoagulant effect of NOACs; (3) Drug-drug interactions and pharmacokinetics of NOACs; (4) Switching between anticoagulant regimens; (5) Ensuring compliance of NOAC intake; (6) How to deal with dosing errors; (7) Patients with chronic kidney disease; (8) What to do if there is a (suspected) overdose without bleeding, or a clotting test is indicating a risk of bleeding? (9) Management of bleeding complications; (10) Patients undergoing a planned surgical intervention or ablation; (11) Patients undergoing an urgent surgical intervention; (12) Patients with AF and coronary artery disease; (13) Cardioversion in a NOAC-treated patient; (14) Patients presenting with acute stroke while on NOACs; (15) NOACs vs. VKAs in AF patients with a malignancy. Since new information is becoming available at a rapid pace, an EHRA Web site with the latest updated information accompanies this text (www.NOACforAF.eu). © 2013 Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. Source

Smits P.C.,Maasstad Ziekenhuis | Hofma S.,Medisch Centrum Leeuwarden | Togni M.,Hopital Cantonal de Fribourg | Vazquez N.,Hospitalario Juan Canalejo | And 9 more authors.
The Lancet | Year: 2013

Background Drug-eluting stents with durable biocompatible or biodegradable polymers have been developed to address the risk of thrombosis associated with first-generation drug-eluting stents. We aimed to compare the safety and efficacy of a biodegradable polymer-coated biolimus-eluting stent with a thin-strut everolimus-eluting stent coated with a durable biocompatible polymer. Methods This open-label, prospective, randomised, controlled, non-inferiority trial was undertaken at 12 sites across Europe. We used limited exclusion criteria (age p>18 years, life expectancy p>5 years, reference vessel diameter 2•0-4•0 mm) to enrol patients eligible for percutaneous coronary intervention. Patients were randomly allocated (2:1) by computer-generated random numbers to receive either a biodegradable polymer biolimus-eluting stent (Nobori, Terumo, Tokyo, Japan) or a durable fluoropolymer-based everolimus-eluting stent (Xience V or Prime, Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, CA, USA, or Promus, Boston Scientific, Natick, MA, USA). The primary endpoint was a composite of safety (cardiac death and non-fatal myocardial infarction) and efficacy (clinically indicated target vessel revascularisation) at 12 months, analysed by intention to treat. Patients received dual antiplatelet therapy for 12 months after discharge. The trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01233453. Findings From Jan 12, 2009, to Feb 7, 2011, we enrolled 2707 patients (4025 lesions), 1795 of whom were assigned to receive the biolimus-eluting stent (2638 lesions) and 912 to an everolimus-eluting stent (1387 lesions). 2688 (99•3%) patients completed 12 months' follow-up. Significantly more patients in the biolimus-eluting stent group received a non-assigned stent than did those in the everolimus-eluting stent group (105 [5•9%] vs 19 [2•1%]; p<0•0001). The primary endpoint occurred in 93 (5•2%) patients in the biolimus-eluting stent group and 44 (4•8%) patients in the everolimus-eluting stent group at 12 months (relative risk 1•07 [95% CI 0•75-1•52]; p non-inferiorityp<0•0001). Analysis per protocol did not change the outcome of this trial (pnon-inferiorityp<0•0001). Interpretation Biodegradable polymer biolimus-eluting stents are as safe and efficacious as the current standard of a thin-strut everolimus-eluting stent with a durable biocompatible polymer. We need to follow-up patients for longer to show whether the biolimus-eluting stent reduces the risk of stent thrombosis after 1 year when compared with the everolimus-eluting stent. Funding Terumo Europe (Leuven, Belgium) and the Research Foundation of the Cardiology Department, Maasstad Hospital (Rotterdam, Netherlands). Source

Andriesse G.I.,Amphia Ziekenhuis
Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde | Year: 2010

OBJECTIVE: To determine the percentage of hepatitis E virus (HEV) infections in serum samples from patients with negative serology for hepatitis A, B and C and to find out what may be the harmful consequences of a missed diagnosis of acute HEV infection. DESIGN: Retrospective study. METHOD: Serum samples were selected from patients with infectious hepatitis who tested negative for hepatitis A, B and C virus. Serum samples that had elevated alanine aminotransferase (ALT; > 34 U/l) were included in this study. All samples were then tested for HEV using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and immunoblot assay. Of patients with serological evidence of acute HEV, files were checked for the originally documented diagnosis at hospital discharge. RESULTS: In the period October 2007-September 2008, 139 serum samples met the inclusion criteria. In 23 serum samples the ELISA was positive (IgM positive and/or Ig total positive); in 16/23 serum samples immunoblot assay was also positive. The percentage of confirmed HEV infections was 11.5% (16/139). In only one patient was the originally documented diagnosis correct. Several patients underwent invasive diagnostic procedures and treatment as a result of an incorrect diagnosis. CONCLUSION: Hepatitis E serology should be a standard tool in the diagnostic workup of infectious hepatitis patients in the Netherlands. Source

Robbrecht D.G.,Amphia Ziekenhuis
Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde | Year: 2012

Mesenteric panniculitis is a non-specific inflammation of the mesenteric adipose tissue, with varying degrees of fibrosis and fat necrosis. It can be associated with varying diseases and conditions, such as autoimmune disease and cancer. Many doctors are not familiar with this disease or do not know how to interpret the signs and symptoms. Here, we describe three patients illustrating the variety of clinical course, diagnostics, prognosis and treatment. A 44-year-old woman suffering from episodic abdominal pain was diagnosed with uncomplicated mesenteric panniculitis. The disease was stable while maintaining a conservative approach. In a 43-year-old woman, mesenteric panniculitis was complicated by autoimmune haemolytic anaemia. After treatment with corticosteroids, she made a full recovery from both disorders. Finally, a 73-year-old man was diagnosed with mesenteric panniculitis and auto-immune haemolytic anaemia, which both appeared to be consequences of an angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma. Source

Roth T.,Ford Motor Company | Van Seventer R.,Amphia Ziekenhuis | Murphy T.K.,Pfizer
Current Medical Research and Opinion | Year: 2010

Objective: Postherpetic neuralgia and painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy are common chronic neuropathic pain conditions associated with sleep disturbances. Pregabalin is indicated in the treatment of neuropathic pain. The objective of this review is to summarize the efficacy and safety of pregabalin in painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy and postherpetic neuralgia and the effect of pregabalin on sleep interference in these patients. Methods: MEDLINE and ISI Web of Knowledge databases were searched for randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trials of pregabalin reporting sleep measures in addition to pain endpoints in patients with painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy and postherpetic neuralgia published from inception through March 2009. Results: Nine trials met the inclusion criteria, providing data for a total of 2399 patients with painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy or postherpetic neuralgia treated twice or three times per day with pregabalin (75600mg/day) or placebo on a fixed or flexible schedule. Interpretation of sleep outcomes in two studies may be limited by trial inclusion criteria which permitted benzodiazepines for sleep problems. Also, none of the studies reported objective sleep measures. Pregabalin was well tolerated. Pregabalin (150600mg/day) significantly reduced pain and improved pain-related sleep interference. Conclusions: In addition to an analgesic benefit, pregabalin may decrease pain-related sleep interference in patients with painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy and postherpetic neuralgia. © 2010 Informa UK Ltd. Source

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