Zijlmans J.C.M.,Amphia Hospital
Handbook of Clinical Neurology | Year: 2011
Chorea may occur as part of the symptomatology of acute stroke; it occasionally also may be delayed or progressive. Patients with vascular-related chorea typically present with an acute or subacute onset of chorea of one side of the body (hemichorea), contralateral to the lesion. Cerebrovascular disease is the most common cause of sporadic chorea. Lesions are most frequently found in the thalamus and lentiform nucleus, and less often in subthalamic nucleus. The differential diagnosis of choreic syndromes relies not so much on differences in the phenomenology of the hyperkinesia but the age at onset, mode of onset, time course, family history, drug use, distribution of chorea in the body, and presence of accompanying neurological findings. Magnetic resonance imaging is preferred to demonstrate the presence of strategic small lesions in regions that are difficult to image with computed tomography, such as the globus pallidus, thalamus, and subthalamic nucleus. Although the prognosis of hemichorea can be benign, the long-term prognosis is not specifically determined by the hemichorea but by the long-term prognosis of stroke patients. Symptomatic treatment with antichoreic drugs may be necessary in the acute phase. Surgery is rarely indicated to treat vascular chorea. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Van Den Bekerom M.P.J.,Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis |
Eygendaal D.,Amphia Hospital
Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review | Year: 2014
The overhead athlete is defined as an athlete who uses his/her hand in an overhead position. The motion in the overhead athlete is a highly skilled movement performed at extremely high velocity, which requires flexibility, muscular strength, coordination, synchronicity, and neuromuscular control of the whole body. In this overview, we will discuss the most common pathologies seen at the posterior side of the elbow such as posteromedial impingement, proximal ulnar stress fractures, and triceps pathology. Specific nonsurgical and operative treatment guidelines for the overhead athlete's elbow are also discussed. Copyright © 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Subar D.,Royal Blackburn Hospital |
Gobardhan P.D.,Amphia Hospital |
Gayet B.,University of Paris Descartes
Best Practice and Research: Clinical Gastroenterology | Year: 2014
Pancreatic surgery was reported as early as 1898. Since then significant developments have been made in the field of pancreatic resections. In addition, advances in laparoscopic surgery in general have seen the description of this approach in pancreatic surgery with increasing frequency. Although there are no randomized controlled trials, several large series and comparative studies have reported on the short and long term outcome of laparoscopic pancreatic surgery. Furthermore, in the last decade published systematic reviews and meta-analyses have reported on cost effectiveness and outcomes of these procedures. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Heijink A.,University of Amsterdam |
Morrey B.F.,Mayo Medical School |
Eygendaal D.,Amphia Hospital
Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery | Year: 2014
Background: Radiocapitellar prosthetic arthroplasty has recently been introduced to treat isolated degenerative arthritis of the radiocapitellar joint. Although this procedure is conceptually attractive and sound in situations in which radial head resection is inadequate, clinical experience is still limited. Its role in the treatment of isolated radiocapitellar degenerative arthritis in the ligamentous-intact elbow and forearm is not yet defined. Our purpose was to report the short-term results of 6 patients who were treated by radiocapitellar prosthetic arthroplasty for isolated radiocapitellar degenerative arthritis in the ligamentous-intact elbow, as well as to provide a review of the literature. Methods: Six patients were treated by radiocapitellar prosthetic arthroplasty for isolated degenerative arthritis of the radiocapitellar joint in the ligamentous-intact elbow. Their medical records were reviewed, and each patient was seen in the office. The mean follow-up period was 50 months (range, 30-64 months). Results: The implant survival rate was 100%. Pain improved in all patients and all patients were satisfied. The mean flexion-extension arc increased from 98° (range, 75°-115°) to 110° (range, 105°-120°) (P = .17), and the mean pronation-supination arc increased from 133° (range, 75°-115°) to 143° (range, 120°-170°) (P = .34). The mean Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand score was 24.3 (range, 6.7-52.5). According to the Mayo Elbow Performance Score, there were 3 excellent and 3 good results. Conclusion: The short-term follow-up results of radiocapitellar prosthetic arthroplasty for isolated radiocapitellar degenerative arthritis in the ligamentous-intact elbow and forearm seem favorable. Level of evidence: Level IV, Case Series, Treatment Study. © 2014 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees.
Beumer A.,Amphia Hospital |
Lindau T.R.,Pulvertaft Hand Center
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders | Year: 2014
Methods. In 3 groups (20 healthy volunteers, 17 patients after distal radius fractures, 12 patients with different hand/wrist conditions) grip strength and DASH scores (items 1-21, 22-30 and total) were assessed. To exclude personal factors grip strengths in the injured or non-dominant hand and grip strength ratios (grip strength in the injured or non-dominant hand divided by grip strength in the non-injured or dominant hand) were assessed too. Results were analyzed groups using Pearson Correlation Coefficients and with a multivariate ANOVA.Results: Grip strength ratio was 0.97 in healthy volunteers, 0.52 in patients after distal radius fracture and 0.74 in patients with various other hand/wrist disorders.Significant correlations were found between the grip strength ratio and DASH as well as DASH subsections in all groups and between DASH scores and grip strength in some. The correlations between the ratio of the grip strength (GSR) and DASH were much stronger than the correlation between grip strength and DASH. This emphasizes the value of the GSR. Age showed no correlation with grip strength ratio using a multivariate ANOVA.Conclusion: Grip strength ratio correlates well with the DASH score in different hand and wrist conditions. It is a valuable tool to assess patients that speak a different language and have problems with the non-dominant hand and probably easier to follow over time than the DASH score, which is time consuming to fill in and process.Background: Grip strength correlates with personal factors such as gender, age and nutritional status and has a good inter-rater reliability. It reflects fairly well how much people can use their hands.The Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) Outcome Measure 3 is a 30-item, self-report, questionnaire that reflects the patients' opinion on their disability due to upper-limb disorders. We assessed if grip strength and grip strength ratio correlate with DASH score. © 2014 Beumer and Lindau; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.