Van Luijk C.M.,Amnitrans Eyebank |
Van Luijk C.M.,Netherlands Institute for Innovative Ocular Surgery |
Bruinsma M.,Amnitrans Eyebank |
Bruinsma M.,Netherlands Institute for Innovative Ocular Surgery |
And 8 more authors.
Cell and Tissue Banking | Year: 2012
The aim of this study was to report the efficacy of adding chlorhexidine to the protocol for decontamination of human donor globes prior to excision of corneo-scleral rims for future keratoplasty procedures. In 2005, chlorhexidine was introduced by our eye bank as an additional step in the protocol for decontaminating human donor globes. After 5 years, we prospectively evaluated the number of contaminations. Out of 2,891 globes included in our study, 2,663 globes were processed, of which 36 (1.4%) were considered contaminated. Seventeen contaminations (0.6%) were detected by culturing limbal swabs, directly after decontamination, eight (0.3%) by visible discoloration of the culture medium carrying a corneoscleral rim, and eleven (0.4%) after inoculation of the culture medium on blood agar plates. Importantly, after 4 weeks of incubation, none of the aerobic and anaerobic cultures taken from the secondary 'transport medium' (dextran containing medium used to transport corneal tissue to the transplantation centre) showed microbiological growth. In conclusion, the combined use of 0.02% chlorhexidine and 0.5% povidone-iodine may allow decontamination of donor globes to a level at which the risk of tissue contamination at the time of transplantation is minimized, while corneal viability is preserved. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.