Amman, Jordan

Amman Arab University
Amman, Jordan

Amman Arab University is a university in Amman, Jordan. It is mainly for graduate studies. Wikipedia.

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Alali H.,Amman Arab University
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing | Year: 2017

Many organizations including health care sector, have failed to attain the expected benefits from the knowledge management (KM) initiatives or projects. One of the KM initiatives in health care sector is virtual communities of practice (VCoPs), where practitioners conduct discussions and share experience online. Presently, there is no accepted or overall conceptual framework that addresses the important aspects of effective KM in a way to assist specifically the virtual communities in KM, reflecting the need to review the literature pertaining the VCoPs measurement in order to extract the main taxonomy from the literature. The review shows that research on VCoPs should take into account technical, social, semantic, human, and effectiveness dimensions in measuring the VCoPs success. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017.

Mills C.M.,University of Texas at Dallas | Elashi F.B.,Amman Arab University
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology | Year: 2014

The current study examined some key developmental and individual differences in how elementary school-aged children evaluate sources of information. A sample of 130 children ages 6 to 9. years participated in a task designed to measure children's understanding of ways that claims can be distorted (i.e., biased decisions, skewed self-reports, and misleading persuasive claims). Children also completed several individual difference measures, including a brief intelligence task and an advanced social cognition measure (interpretive theory of mind). Overall, older children were less trusting and better than younger children at explaining the reasons to doubt sources that might provide distorted claims. Crucially, the results also suggest that beyond age, both general intelligence and advanced social cognitive skills play roles in children's ability to understand when and why they must doubt sources of distortion. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.

Elashi F.B.,Amman Arab University | Mills C.M.,University of Texas at Dallas
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology | Year: 2014

Two experiments examined how an informant's group membership can influence children's trust decisions. Participants (3- to 7-year-olds, N= 162) were assigned to either the red or blue group based on their selection of a red or blue apron and watched an in-group and out-group informant provide conflicting names for a set of novel objects. When asked which informant they would prefer to rely on for new information, nearly all age groups trusted the in-group informant. Children then watched as each informant varied in accuracy by labeling either all or none of four familiar items accurately and were then asked which informant's labels they preferred for learning new information. When the in-group informant had previously demonstrated accuracy, children continued to trust the in-group informant for new information. In contrast, when the in-group informant had previously demonstrated inaccuracy, children were unsure who to trust, with only 6- and 7-year-olds showing a decrease in their trust for the inaccurate in-group informant. These findings demonstrate that group membership can skew how children encode new information and can make children uncertain about whom to trust for information. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.

Almousa M.,Amman Arab University
AIP Conference Proceedings | Year: 2016

The goal of this study is to present the use of modification of the optimal homotopy asymptotic method (MOHAM) and optimal homotopy asymptotic method (OHAM) for solving high dimensional integral equations. The two proposed methods are reliable and efficient techniques for these types of equations. The proposed (MOHAM) algorithm gives the exact solution for high dimensional integral equations by using one iteration only. © 2016 Author(s).

Almousa M.,Amman Arab University
AIP Conference Proceedings | Year: 2016

This paper presents the solutions of three dimensional Fredholm integral equations by using Adomian decomposition method (ADM). Some examples of these types of equations are tested to show the reliability of the technique. The solutions obtained by ADM give an excellent agreement with exact solution. © 2016 Author(s).

Afaneh S.,Isra University of Jordan | Zitar R.A.,University of Jordan | Al-Hamami A.,Amman Arab University
Applied Soft Computing Journal | Year: 2013

This paper presents a novel approach for computer viruses detection based on modeling the structures and dynamics of real life paradigm that exists in the bodies of all living creatures. It aims to develop an algorithm based on the concept of the artificial immune system (AIS) for the purpose of detecting viruses. The algorithm is called Virus Detection Clonal algorithm (VDC), and it is derived from the clonal selection algorithm. The VDC algorithm consists of three basic steps: cloning, hyper-mutation and stochastic re-selection. In later stage, the developed VDC algorithm is subjected to validation, which consists of two phases; learning and testing. Two main parameters are determined; one of them is setting the number of signatures per clone (Fat), while the other defines the hypermutation probability (Pm). Later on, the Genetic Algorithm (GA) is used as a tool, to improve the developed algorithm by searching the values of the main parameters (Fat and Pm) to reproduce better results. The results have shown that the detection rate of viruses, by using the developed algorithm, is 94.4%, whereas the detection rate of false positives has reached 0%. These percentages indicate that the VDC algorithm is sufficient and usable in this field. Moreover, the results of employing the GA to optimize the VDC algorithm have shown an improvement in the detection speed of the algorithm. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

Al-Sadi J.,Amman Arab University
Journal of Supercomputing | Year: 2012

We have recently introduced the Extended OTIS-n-Cube to overcome the weakness of some limitations found in the well-known OTIS-n-Cube such as the degree and the diameter. This paper investigates the topological properties of the new interconnection network by proposing an extensive study on some attractive topological properties of the extended OTIS-n-Cube interconnection network. Inspired by the attractive features of the new network, such as regular degree, small diameter, and semantic structure, we present a theoretical study on some topological properties of the Extended OTIS-n-Cube including routing paths and embedded cycles. Furthermore, the paper presents a performance evaluation on the topology by comparing it with the OTIS-n-Cube. Results prove the superiority of the new topology especially in minimizing routing distances. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Ilyas A.I.,Amman Arab University
International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature | Year: 2016

This paper distinguishes between traditional teaching known as lecturing (the teacher centered approach); and tutoring (the contemporary technology-oriented interactive teaching/learning approach). It is based on the implementation of tutoring strategies of ‘blended studies’ at the Arab Open University. It investigates the application of modern interactive teaching/learning strategies, specifying some hindering factors in the AOU-Jordan Branch context. The factors include four variables: tutors, students, course material and assessment. The paper is based on qualitative research in terms of a real teaching/leaning context, using both observation and conversation with learners, besides the use of some quantitative data retrieved from a questionnaire in which learners’ views are sought regarding a number of relevant matters. A number of suggested solutions related to each of the hindering factors are presented, which if applied, may secure shifting the balance of the teaching/learning process to a more interactive technology-based tutoring level, which in turn will enhance learners’ opportunities for the attainment of better academic standards, and secure a higher degree of achievement of the shared educational goals of learners and the educational institution they study in. © 2016, Australian International Academic Centre PTY LTD. All rights reserved.

Summary The Optical Transpose Interconnection System (OTIS) optoelectronic interconnection network architecture is a promising attraction in the new era of parallel computing topologies because of its attractive topological properties. Recently, many enhancements were presented on OTIS topologies including the Extended OTIS-n-Cube interconnection networks. Therefore, all performance improvement characteristics of such a promising architecture need to be investigated; one of which is load balancing technique. This paper focuses on developing an efficient algorithm for load balancing on the promising Extended OTIS-n-Cube interconnection networks. The proposed algorithm is called Factor-Optical-Factor Exchange Model. Furthermore, this paper presents theoretical and experimental study on the proposed algorithm in terms of various parameters including execution time, load balancing accuracy, number of communication steps, and speed. Results show superiority of the proposed algorithm over the well-known Clustered Dimension Exchange Method (CDEM) algorithm in terms of execution time, number of communication steps, and speed, while maintaining the same level of accuracy. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Shawar B.A.,Amman Arab University
Proceedings - 2015 International Conference on Future Internet of Things and Cloud, FiCloud 2015 and 2015 International Conference on Open and Big Data, OBD 2015 | Year: 2015

e-Learning paradigm offers the opportunity of learning to anyone, any where, and any time using different mediums. Many quality factors and aspects have been investigated to measure quality of such learning approach. In this paper, students' satisfaction and tutors' satisfaction are used as indicators to evaluate e-Learning approach used at Arab Open University. The Arab Open University (AOU) is the most popular university in Arab region that mainly use e-learning approach to deliver all its courses and programs through a Learning Management System (LMS). The evaluation is conducted in first semester of the academic year 2014 at Jordan branch; results reveal that students are satisfied on their tutors and tutorials more than their satisfaction on their courses. At the same time, tutors are satisfied with university support facilities, duties, and courses. However they found that English level of courses is not competent with students' level of English language. The aim is to contribute on development process of e-learning based on tutors and students' evaluation results. © 2015 IEEE.

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