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Kuwait City, Kuwait

Al-Jafar H.A.,Amiri Hospital
BMJ case reports | Year: 2013

Lenalidomide is an immunomodulatory agent that was approved for the treatment of a monoclonal bone marrow disorders, myelodysplastic syndrome del(5q)(MDS del(5q)), in 2005; the drug was subsequently also approved for the treatment of refractory multiple myeloma, a bone marrow malignancy of the B-lymphocyte lineage. The purpose of this study is to report a case of MDS del(5q) in a female patient, which was most likely secondary to the immunosuppressive drugs that the patient was taking for scleritis. After lenalidomide treatment, the patient's haematological symptoms rapidly resolved and she became transfusion independent, with normal haemoglobin levels. This medication also helped control her dependence on high doses of oral prednisolone. The patient continued to receive treatment with low-dose lenalidomide, and her scleritis has been in long-term remission for 3 years. A larger prospective study can further define the role of lenalidomide in the management of scleritis. Source

Husain E.H.,University of Sfax | Al-Rashid M.,Amiri Hospital
Indian Pediatrics | Year: 2011

We report a 2-month-old infant with E. coli urinary tract infection, who did not respond to antibiotic therapy. She later developed clinical features fulfilling criteria of Kawasaki disease (KD), and was treated with intravenous immunolglobulin and aspirin. KD should be considered in the differential diagnosis in patients who present with infection and do not respond to antibiotic therapy. Source

Alroughani R.,Amiri Hospital | Alroughani R.,Dasman Diabetes Institute
Multiple Sclerosis Journal | Year: 2014

Amenorrhea has not been reported as an adverse event in fingolimod phase III clinical trials in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) with either 0.5 mg or 1.25 mg dosages. Here we report three cases of young women with MS who developed amenorrhea within 6 months of initiation of fingolimod. They experienced irregularities in their menstrual cycles in the first 3 months, which progressed to amenorrhea by 5th or 6th month. Gynecology evaluations showed no other etiologies. Menses returned to baseline after discontinuation of fingolimod for 2-3 months. Amenorrhea could be associated with fingolimod in the first year. Future surveillance is advised to determine the incidence rate of this adverse event. © The Author(s) 2014. Source

Al-Temaimi R.,Kuwait University | Alroughani R.,Amiri Hospital | Alroughani R.,Dasman Diabetes Institute | Jacob S.,Kuwait University | Al-Mulla F.,Kuwait University
Journal of Neuroimmunology | Year: 2015

Background: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is implicated with multiple sclerosis (MS) risk, exacerbation, and progression. The HLA-DRB1*1501 haplotype is a strong MS risk factor consistently documented in MS populations. There are no studies of EBV infections and HLA-DRB1*1501 haplotype associating with MS from Kuwait where MS prevalence has increased significantly. Objectives: To determine the association of EBV infection with MS incidence, and to investigate HLA-DRB1*1501 as a potential genetic risk factor for MS in Kuwait. Methods: This is a case-control study involving 141 MS patients and 40 healthy controls. Antibody titers against EBV antigens' viral capsid antigen (VCA) and Epstein-Barr nuclear antigen 1 (EBNA1) were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. HLA-DRB1*1501 haplotype assessment was done using rs3135005 TaqMan genotyping assay. Results: Antibody titers against EBV were significantly elevated in MS patients compared to healthy controls (anti-EBNA1, p = 0.008; anti-VCA, p = 0.028). MS males had higher antibody titers to EBNA1 than healthy male controls (p = 0.005) and female MS patients (p = 0.03). HLA-DRB1*1501 haplotype genotypes failed to generate a risk association with MS or EBV antibody titers (p = 0.6). Conclusion: An increased immune response to EBV infection is associated with MS incidence influenced by the type of antigen and sex. HLA-DRB1*1501 haplotype is not associated with MS risk in our Kuwaiti MS cohort. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. Source

Vali L.,Kuwait University | Dashti K.,Kuwait University | Opazo-Capurro A.F.,University of Concepcion | Dashti A.A.,Kuwait University | And 2 more authors.
Frontiers in Microbiology | Year: 2015

Acinetobacter baumannii is one of the most important opportunistic pathogens that causes serious health care associated complications in critically ill patients. In the current study we report on the diversity of the clinical multi-drug resistant (MDR) A. baumannii in Kuwait by molecular characterization. One hundred A. baumannii were isolated from one of the largest governmental hospitals in Kuwait. Following the identification of the isolates by molecular methods, the amplified blaOXA-51-like gene product of one isolate (KO-12) recovered from blood showed the insertion of the ISAba19 at position 379 in blaOXA-78. Of the 33 MDR isolates, 28 (85%) contained blaOXA-23, 2 (6%) blaOXA-24 and 6 (18%) blaPER-1 gene. We did not detect blaOXA-58, blaVIM, blaIMP, blaGES, blaVEB, and blaNDM genes in any of the tested isolates. In three blaPER-1 positive isolates the genetic environment of blaPER-1 consisted of two copies of ISPa12 (tnpiA1) surrounding the blaPER-1 gene on a highly stable plasmid of ca. 140-kb. Multilocus-sequence typing (MLST) analysis of the 33 A. baumannii isolates identified 20 different STs, of which six (ST-607, ST-608, ST-609, ST-610, ST-611, and ST-612) were novel. Emerging STs such as ST15 (identified for the first time in the Middle East), ST78 and ST25 were also detected. The predominant clonal complex was CC2. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and MLST defined the MDR isolates as multi-clonal with diverse lineages. Our results lead us to believe that A. baumannii is diverse in clonal origins and/or is undergoing clonal expansion continuously while multiple lineages of MDR A. baumannii circulate in hospital ward simultaneously. © 2015 Vali, Dashti, Opazo-Capurro, Dashti, Al Obaid and Evans. Source

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