American University of Central Asia
Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

The American University of Central Asia , formerly the Kyrgyz-American University and the American University in Kyrgyzstan, is a liberal arts university located in Bishkek, the capital of the former Soviet republic of Kyrgyzstan.AUCA was established in 1997 with funding from the United States government and the Open Society Institute, a non-government donor organization set up by Hungarian philanthropist George Soros. One of its founders was human rights attorney and journalist Scott Horton. While the university focuses on offering higher education opportunities to Central Asian students, its student body and faculty comes from all over Asia and other parts of the world.In March 2010, AUCA has established an official partnership with Bard College located in the state of New York, United States. The partnership allows students of American Studies, Anthropology, Economics, European Studies, International and Comparative Politics, Journalism and Mass Communications, Psychology, Sociology, and Software Engineering programs to receive liberal arts degrees fully accredited in the US.According to the USAID accreditation report, "AUCA is the first higher education institution in Central Asia that functions according to the American model, with a credit-hour system, an American-style liberal arts curriculum, and a commitment to democratic values, freedom of expression and inquiry, and academic integrity and honesty."The university is chartered in Kyrgyzstan and is authorized by the Kyrgyz Ministry of Education to offer the Kyrgyz National Diploma in eleven undergraduate programs and one graduate program . AUCA also offers American-style diplomas, and students are required to take courses in both Russian and English. Currently AUCA and Bard College are entering into a collaboration to develop a joint-degree program, in which students at AUCA will receive both Kyrgyz diplomas and US accredited diplomas from Bard College. Wikipedia.

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Xu X.,Nanjing University | Zou X.,Nanjing University | Cao L.,Nanjing University | Zhamangulova N.,American University of Central Asia | And 3 more authors.
Ecological Engineering | Year: 2014

Coastal saline wetlands are recognized as prominent sources of greenhouse gas emissions. However, insufficient attention has been paid to the effect of coastal wetlands in mitigating global warming caused by greenhouse gases in China. This study aims to investigate how vegetation and soil parameters affect greenhouse gas emissions in a coastal saline wetland. Fluxes of CO2, CH4, and N2O were measured simultaneously in situ using the closed static chamber technique in four different coastal tidal flats, namely, mud flat, Spartina alterniflora flat, Suaeda glauca flat, and grass flat. The measurements were obtained from September 2012 to August 2013 in the Yancheng coastal wetland, southeast China. The average fluxes across all seasons and flats varied from 10.7 to 2297.6mgCO2m-2h-1 (ecosystem respiration), from -0.368 to 4.959mgCH4m-2h-1, and from 1.5 to 65.7μgN2Om-2h-1. Higher CO2 and CH4 fluxes were observed during the summer and autumn seasons. However, the seasonal change of the N2O fluxes was complicated. For the S. alterniflora and grass flats, the highest emissions were observed during summer. For the mud and S. glauca flats, the emissions peaked during winter. The spatial variations of the three greenhouse gas fluxes in the coastal saline wetland primarily depended on vegetation type. The greenhouse gas fluxes from the three tidal flats with vegetation covers (S. alterniflora, S. glauca, and grass flats) were higher than those from the mud flat. Higher CO2 emissions were observed in the S. alterniflora flat than those in the other flats because of the higher carbon sequestration rate, together with higher net primary production and aboveground biomass. However, CH4 and N2O emissions were highest in the grass flat, followed by the S. alterniflora flat. The effects of tidal flats on the CH4 and N2O emissions differed according to the season. The S. alterniflora invasion increased the CO2 emission while slightly lowering the CH4 fluxes, compared with that of native plant communities dominated by Phragmites. Results also suggested that S. alterniflora had the highest global warming potential among the tidal flats in the coastal saline wetland. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Tang D.,Nanjing University | Zou X.,Nanjing University | Liu X.,CAS South China Sea Institute of Oceanography | Liu P.,Marine Fisheries Research Institute of Jiangsu Province | And 3 more authors.
Ecological Indicators | Year: 2015

The main objective of ecosystem health management is to preserve the capacity of ecosystems to respond to disturbances and future changes. We proposed a set of ecological indicators for coastal ecosystem health assessment using physical stressors such as total suspended matter, chemical stressors including nutrients and heavy metal pollutants, community structure metrics including species richness, diversity and evenness, and ecosystem level eco-exergy indicators. The results of our case study indicate that the health status of the Jiangsu coastal ecosystem is limited by environmental stressors and factors that affect the community species diversity. The health status of nektonic and benthic communities is reflected by water quality and sediment physicochemical properties, respectively. The results of our case study demonstrate that the integrated ecological health indicator system can provide a comprehensive assessment that corresponds with the current health of coastal ecosystems and a reliable theoretical basis for regional coastal management. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Motuzaite Matuzeviciute G.,History Institute of Lithuania City Research Center | Preece R.C.,University of Cambridge | Wang S.,Chinese Academy of Sciences | Colominas L.,University of Cambridge | And 4 more authors.
Quaternary International | Year: 2015

River valleys in the Tien Shan Mountains of Kyrgyzstan have served as corridors for human dispersal since the Palaeolithic but little information exists on the history of human occupation in this remote and inaccessible region. Here, we report the results of a multidisciplinary study of Airgyrzhal-2, a high elevation (2005m) site in the Naryn valley in central Kyrgyzstan. Two main occupation horizons were recognized, the earliest belonging to the Mesolithic (12th millennium cal. BC) and a later one dating from the Bronze Age (first half of the 2nd millennium cal. BC). Land snail analyses from the two horizons yielded almost identical assemblages of species of dry, open environments. Archaeobotanical data, however, revealed marked differences. The greater representation of willow/poplar (Salix/Populus) in the charcoal from the Mesolithic suggests more focused activity along the river, which might have been closer to the site at this time. The occurrence of spruce (Picea) and other species in the Bronze Age charcoal indicates exploitation of resources from more distant upland locations. The occurrence of the remains of cereals, including both grains and chaff, provides unexpected evidence for both consumption and cultivation of wheat and barley at this high elevation during the Bronze Age. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA.

Qi J.,Michigan State University | Bobushev T.S.,American University of Central Asia | Kulmatov R.,National University of Uzbekistan | Groisman P.,National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration | Gutman G.,NASA
Frontiers of Earth Science | Year: 2012

Central Asia is one of the most vulnerable regions on the planet earth to global climate change, depending on very fragile natural resources. The Soviet legacy has left the five countries (Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan) with a highly integrated system but they are facing great challenges with tensions that hinder regional coordination of food and water resources. With increasing climate variability and warming trend in the region, food and water security issues become even more crucial now and, if not addressed properly, could affect the regional stability. The long-term drivers of these two most critical elements, food and water, are climate change; the immediate and probably more drastic factors affecting the food and water security are land uses driven by institutional change and economic incentives. As a feedback, changes in land use and land cover have directly implications on water uses, food production, and lifestyles of the rural community in the region. Regional and international efforts have been made to holistically understand the cause, extent, rate and societal implications of land use changes in the region. Much of these have been understood, or under investigation by various projects, but solutions or research effort to develop solutions, to these urgent regional issues are lacking. This article, serves as an introduction to the special issue, provides a brief overview of the challenges facing the Central Asian countries and various international efforts in place that resulted in the publications of this special issue. © 2012 Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

This paper questions the effectiveness and usefulness of the Russian government's policies of migrant integration. Using a unique combination of ethnographic research methods (observations, interviews and survey) with methods from psychology (cognitive mapping) and urban studies (GIS mapping), I depict the presence of Central Asian migrants and their interaction with local long-term residents in two cities of the Russian Federation: Kazan and Saint Petersburg. On the basis of my findings, I argue that the readability (defined as the ease with which the city can be read and understood) and legibility (defined as the degree to which individual components of an urban environment are recognizable by their appearance) of urban space in Kazan have positive effects on the relationship between these two communities, while the ambiguity and uncertainty of urban identity in Saint Petersburg make the life of migrants very vulnerable and unpredictable, and result in the growth of xenophobic views among the local residents. This allows me to argue that the policy of migrant integration will be more successful if it is built on learning to live with differences, instead of trying to Russify migrants or create various forms of supra-ethnic identity. © 2016 SouthSeries Inc.

Konig N.,American University of Central Asia
First Monday | Year: 2013

This study assesses international corporate blogging practices and their effects on the popularity of corporate blogs in terms of comments received and incoming links. Building on the blogging practices framework by Schmidt (2007b), a theoretical model is developed incorporating cause-and-effects relationships for blog characteristics and their impact, as well as international differences. The five Hypotheses are tested using a sample of 20 German, 10 Russian and 77 U.S. corporate blogs. The results of stepwise regression analyses confirmed most hypotheses regarding effects of blog diversity, blog authenticity, blog usability, blog sophistication and networking efforts. The theoretical and practical implications of this are discussed.

American University of Central Asia | Entity website

Scholarships and AwardsAmerican University of Central Asia provides financial support to 90% of students, our goal is make quality education affordable. Here you can find all the information about need-based, merit-based and legacy scholarships ...

American University of Central Asia | Entity website

American University of Central Asia7/6 Aaly Tokombaev StreetBishkek, Kyrgyz Republic 720060

American University of Central Asia | Entity website

Maksad DonayorovSoftware Engineering 2013 Name / Department / Graduation year Maksad Donayorov / Software Engineering / 2013 What is the most interesting thing that you remember about being AUCA student? Its a bit hard to state a specific interesting entity that I remember about AUCA, since there were many of them, but relaying on the memories and happy time I could say that it was initiation ceremony where I participated during my freshman year. The highlights are about the people who were involved in that event and made it unforgettable ...

American University of Central Asia | Entity website

Business Administration DepartmentThe Business Administartion Department, American University of Central Asia, is seekingfull- and part-time Instructors responsible for teaching core business subjects: accounting, finance, marketing, management, economics, entrepreneurship. AUCA Business Administration, widely recognized as one of the top business programs in the region, is expanding its course offering and invites qualified faculty for both part- and full-time positions ...

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