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Cairo, Egypt

The American University in Cairo is an independent, nonprofit, English language, liberal arts university located in Cairo, Egypt. The university offers American-styled learning programs at the undergraduate, graduate and professional levels, along with a continuing education program. The AUC student body represents over 100 countries. AUC's faculty members, adjunct teaching staff and visiting lecturers are internationally diverse and include academics, business professionals, diplomats, journalists, writers and others from the United States, Egypt and other countries. In 2014, the QS World University Rankings placed AUC 360th in the world, 3rd in Africa and 1st in Egypt, and named the School of Business as fourth best in Africa and the Middle East, and among the top 200 in the world. AUC holds institutional accreditation from the Middle States Commission on Higher Education and from Egypt's National Authority for Quality Assurance and Assessment of Education . Wikipedia.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SSH.2013.4.2-1 | Award Amount: 2.89M | Year: 2014

The project Media, Conflict and Democratisation investigates the role of traditional media and ICTs in conflicts that accompany and follow transitions to democracy. Our research focuses on three major arenas of contentious politics in emerging democracies: constitutional conflicts, accountability conflicts and election conflicts. We argue that the media cannot be sufficiently understood in isolation, but have to be seen as part of an arena of public contestation that is occupied by multiple actors, each of which thriving to dominate the interpretations and outcomes of ongoing conflicts. Thus, the project aims to investigate The way in which traditional media in emerging democracies portray conflicts and whether media coverage contributes to the polarisation or moderation of divisions The diffusion of conflict messages through new ICTs; The role perceptions, ethics and working practices of journalists in conflict situations; The communication behaviour of conflict parties governments, political leaders, civil society groups during conflicts and how communications heightens or ameliorates tensions The empirical research will be carried out in four emerging democracies: Serbia, Egypt, Kenya and South Africa. These countries were chosen because their political development is of great significance for the respective geographical region in which they are located. All four countries have experienced severe democratisation conflicts, but represent distinct contexts that help to understand how cultural, political and social factors shape the role of the media in democratisation conflicts. The project will closely work together with relevant stakeholders to develop recommendations for communication interventions that help to prevent conflicts and provide strategies for effective conflict management and conflict resolution. In particular, we will provide knowledge and skills as to how ICT tools can be used for effective communication management during conflicts

Hassaballa H.,American University in Cairo
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2014

Foreign direct investment inflows (FDI) and emissions exhibit a two way relationship. In particular, this research studies the relationship between FDI inflows and emissions from energy use in developing countries. This is done through conducting a Granger causality test on the direction of the relationship between FDI inflows and energy use. For that, a fixed effect panel data model with heterogeneous slopes is used. Heterogeneous slopes specification is selected to account for individual differences within countries. Error correction model is the chosen estimation approach. The empirical results highlight the presence of a two way relationship between FDI inflows and emissions from energy use when testing for short and long run effects jointly. However, this result varies when testing for no long run effect within individual countries. Policy implications for developing countries are also given. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Harman G.,American University in Cairo
Environment and Planning D: Society and Space | Year: 2010

This paper criticizes two forms of philosophical materialism that adopt opposite strategies but end up in the same place. Both hold that individual entities must be banished from philosophy. The first kind is ground floor materialism, which attempts to dissolve all objects into some deeper underlying basis; here, objects are seen as too shallow to be the truth. The second kind is first floor materialism, which treats objects as naive fictions gullibly posited behind the direct accessibility of appearances or relations; here, objects are portrayed as too deep to be the truth. One major thesis of this paper is that these two forms of materialism are parasitical on one another and need each other's resources to make sense of the world. The second major thesis is that both forms of materialism thereby stand condemned, and that philosophy must be rebuilt from the individual objects that the two forms of materialism disdain. These points are made through a detailed consid- eration of the book Every Thing Must Go by the analytic structural realists James Ladyman and Don Ross, which has gained a surprising following among some speculative realists in continental philosophy. Ladyman and Ross claim to preserve objects by treating them as "real patterns", but they do so at the price of destroying their autonomous reality. Furthermore, they are unable to tell us whether the mathematical structures they see as the basis of human knowledge are also the basis of reality itself. In short, their ontology is scientism for scientism's sake (or 'Bunsen burner realism') and must be eliminated in favor of a genuine realist metaphysics of objects. © 2010 Pion Ltd and its Licensors.

Khirallah K.,American University in Cairo
Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems | Year: 2013

This paper proposes a new approach for parametric excitation, parametric amplification, and linear and nonlinear tuning of the folded-beam interdigitated comb drive oscillator. The approach is based on adding a new electrode that generates electrostatic force on the truss and accordingly generates axial stress on the folded beams. Depending on the application, this force can be dc force for resonance frequency tuning or ac force that is used for parametric excitation or amplification. Parametric excitation and amplification are utilized to enhance the effective quality factor of the system; therefore, they are used in sensors where the quality factor is a key parameter in determining their performance. The major advantages of this oscillator over traditional types of parametrically excited microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) oscillators are its ability to suppress nonlinearity and achieve high amplitude of oscillation. Here, the extended Hamilton principle is used to derive the equation of motion of the resonator. Then, an approximate solution is introduced using perturbation method of multiple scales. Finally, the frequency response of the oscillator in four different excitation conditions which are resonance frequency tuning, parametric amplification, parametric resonance, and parametric and forced resonance are presented. The approach presented here has the potential to enhance the performance of several MEMS sensor and actuator devices. © 1992-2012 IEEE.

Peuchaud S.,American University in Cairo
Health Promotion International | Year: 2014

This paper represents a case study of how social media activists have harnessed the power of Facebook, Twitter and mobile phone networks to address sexual harassment in Egypt. HarassMap plots reports of sexual harassment on a Google Map and informs victims of support services. Tahrir Bodyguard and Operation Anti-Sexual Harassment (OpAntiSH) protect female protestors who have been vulnerable to sexual aggression at the hands of unruly mobs and by agents of the state. Activists have access to an Android app called 'I'm Getting Arrested' or 'Byt2ebed 3alia' in Egyptian Arabic. The app sends the time and GPS coordinates of an arrest to family, fellow activists, legal counsel and social media outlets. The hope is the initiatives described in this paper could inspire public health ministries and activist NGOs to incorporate crowdsourcing social media applications in the spirit of health in all policies (HiAP). To that end, this paper will begin by defining social media activism from the perspective of the communications discipline. This paper will then demonstrate the significance of sexual harassment as a public health issue, and describe several social media efforts to document incidents and protect victims. The paper will conclude with discussion regarding how these innovations could be integrated into the HiAP approach. © 2014 The Author.

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