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Raleigh, NC, United States

Lancioni G.E.,University of Bari | Singh N.N.,American Health and Wellness Institute | O'Reilly M.F.,University of Texas at Austin | Ferlisi G.,ffaele Care Center | And 4 more authors.
Developmental Neurorehabilitation | Year: 2012

Objective: To assess a technology-aided programme for promoting leisure engagement and communication in a man with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Method: The programme involved a laptop computer equipped with a Clicker 5 software package, an optic microswitch and an interface device. The participant could choose between two leisure options (i.e. songs and videos), could write requests and general messages through a virtual keyboard and a microswitch and could have the written text read out to caregivers and staff. Results: The use of the programme increased the mean frequency of words written to about 15 per 20-minute session during the second intervention phase. Those words were used by the participant for formulating a mean of over two requests/messages per session. The participant also listened to songs and watched videos. Conclusion: A simple technology-aided programme may allow ALS patients to manage leisure engagement and communication. Source

Lancioni G.E.,University of Bari | Bellini D.,Lega ro Research Center | Oliva D.,Lega ro Research Center | Singh N.N.,American Health and Wellness Institute | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability | Year: 2012

Background A camera-based microswitch technology was recently developed to monitor small facial responses of persons with multiple disabilities and allow those responses to control environmental stimulation. This study assessed such a technology with 2 new participants using slight variations of previous responses. Method The technology involved a computer with a CPU using a 2GHz clock, a USB video camera with 16-mm lens, and special software. Small colour spots were used under the lower lip of one participant and on the eyelid of the other participant to aid the camera and computer to detect their mouth and eyelid responses. The study involved an ABAB design and included a 3-week post-intervention check. Results The participants' mouth and eyelid responses increased during the intervention (B) phases and post-intervention check (i.e., when the technology allowed them to control stimulation). Conclusions Camera-based microswitch technology can help persons with multiple disabilities control stimulation with small responses. © 2012 Australasian Society for the Study of Intellectual Disability, Inc. Source

Lancioni G.E.,University of Bari | Perilli V.,University of Bari | Singh N.N.,American Health and Wellness Institute | O'Reilly M.F.,University of Texas at Austin | Cassano G.,Other Home Day Center
Developmental Neurorehabilitation | Year: 2011

Objective: To assess the effects of a picture colouring activity on the wandering (and constructive engagement) of a man with severe Alzheimer's disease. Method: The colouring activity was compared with a music listening condition and a baseline/control condition. A choice phase involving the colouring activity and the music condition was also implemented. Results: Wandering was constant during the baseline condition, but it was reduced to low or virtually 0% levels during the music condition and picture colouring activity. Moreover, the patient regularly selected the colouring activity (which also promoted constructive engagement) during the choice phase. Conclusion: Simple leisure activities, such as picture colouring, might help patients with Alzheimer's disease reduce wandering. © 2011 Informa UK Ltd All rights reserved. Source

Lancioni G.E.,University of Bari | O'Reilly M.F.,University of Texas at Austin | Singh N.N.,American Health and Wellness Institute | Green V.A.,Victoria University of Wellington | And 4 more authors.
Developmental Neurorehabilitation | Year: 2013

Objective: Assessing the effectiveness of technology-aided programs to help three children with multiple disabilities exercise adaptive head or leg-foot and hands responses independently. Method: The response selected for the two children included in Study I was head rotation (i.e. movements of at least 25 degrees to the left that could start from a full right position as well as from other positions). The responses selected for the child included in Study II involved forward movement of the left leg-foot and forward movement of his hand(s) to touch objects. Tilt or optic microswitches were used to monitor the responses and a computer system regulated the stimuli contingent on them. Results: The responses targeted in the two studies showed large frequency increases during the intervention phases of the studies (i.e. when followed by stimulation). Conclusion: Technology-aided programs can be a useful resource to help children with multiple disabilities exercise relevant responses independently. © 2013 Informa UK Ltd. Source

Perilli V.,University of Bari | Lancioni G.E.,University of Bari | Hoogeveen F.,The Hague University of Applied Sciences | Caffo A.,University of Bari | And 5 more authors.
American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and other Dementias | Year: 2013

Background/Aim: Two studies assessed the effectiveness of video prompting as a strategy to support persons with mild and moderate Alzheimer's disease in performing daily activities. Methods: In study I, video prompting was compared to an existing strategy relying on verbal instructions. In study II, video prompting was compared to another existing strategy relying on static pictorial cues. Video prompting and the other strategies were counterbalanced across tasks and participants and compared within alternating treatments designs. Results: Video prompting was effective in all participants. Similarly effective were the other 2 strategies, and only occasional differences between the strategies were reported. Two social validation assessments showed that university psychology students and graduates rated the patients' performance with video prompting more favorably than their performance with the other strategies. Conclusion: Video prompting may be considered a valuable alternative to the other strategies to support daily activities in persons with Alzheimer's disease. Source

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