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Le Borgne J.F.,Toulouse 1 University Capitole | Le Borgne J.F.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Poretti E.,Toulouse 1 University Capitole | Poretti E.,French National Center for Scientific Research | And 24 more authors.
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society | Year: 2014

RR Lyr is one of the most studied variable stars. Its light curve has been regularly monitored since the discovery of its periodic variability in 1899. The analysis of all observed maxima allows us to identify two primary pulsation states, defined as pulsation over a long (P0 longer than 0.56684 d) and a short (P0 shorter than 0.56682 d) primary pulsation period. These states alternate with intervals of 13-16 yr, and are well defined after 1943. The 40.8-d periodical modulations of the amplitude and the period (i.e. the Blazhko effect) were noticed in 1916.We provide homogeneous determinations of the Blazhko period in the different primary pulsation states. The Blazhko period does not follow the variations of P0 and suddenly diminished from 40.8 d to around 39.0 d in 1975. The monitoring of these periodicities deserved, and still deserves, a continuous and intensive observational effort. For this purpose, we have built dedicated, transportable and autonomous small instruments, Very Tiny Telescopes (VTTs), to observe the times of maximum brightnessof RR Lyr. As immediate results, the VTTs recorded the last change of the P0 state in mid-2009 and extended the time coverage of the Kepler observations, thus recording a maximumO-C amplitude of the Blazhko effect at the end of 2008, followed by the historically smallest O-C amplitude in late 2013. This decrease is still ongoing and the VTTs are ready to monitor the expected increase in the next few years. © 2014 The Author Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society.

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