Nanda U.,Advisory Council for the enter |
Bajema R.,American Art Resources enter |
Solovyova I.,UTSAs Interior Design Program |
Bozovic-Stamenovic R.,University of Belgrade
Journal of Architectural and Planning Research | Year: 2013
This paper investigates the differences in the art preferences of students pursing design and nondesign degrees (architecture and psychology/sociology respectively) from three universities located in Mexico, the United States, and Singapore based on their ratings of a set of art images. The paper further investigates whether the ratings differed (1) when the images were for a student's personal space versus a space such as a hospital room and (2) if the rating was based on an emotional (feeling-based) response or a selection-based response (i.e., whether the student would select the work for use in a particular space). This research is based on the need to understand the roles of personal background and emotional and environmental context in preferences for visual art in hospitals. The findings revealed a stronger effect for culture (defined as the college culture unique to different universities) compared with education (defined by the program of study) and for the type of question (feeling versus selection) compared with context (a hospital room versus a personal room). Overall, feeling-based responses were stronger than selection-based responses. Moreover, figurative art was rated higher by non-design students than by design students. After ranking the images based on students' ratings, we found that the top- and bottom-ranked images were common across the universities and education groups with few exceptions. This suggests restorative images of nature have a certain universal appeal that goes beyond geographical and educational boundaries. Copyright © 2013, Locke Science Publishing Company, Inc.