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Ahmadābād, India

Zariwala R.C.,AMC MET Medical College | Trivedi B.D.,Smt NHL Municipal Medical College
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2014

One of the primary characteristic for the identification of a person is the stature of the person. After the age of 21 - 25 years, the dimensions of the skeleton remain unchanged and the ratio in size. Of different parts to one another is also considerably variable in different individuals. In case of dismembered body parts, stature can be estimated on the basis of ratio of the different parts. In this paper, attempts are made for the estimation of the stature of native of Gujarat state at AMC MET Medical College, Ahmedabad using "Percutaneous tibial length" in year 2009-10. Tibial length was taken from medial condyle to the tip of medial malleolus with the knee semi flexed and foot partly inverted. © 2014, Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. All rights reserved.

Talaviya P.A.,Pacific University at Udaipur | Vyas B.M.,AMC MET Medical College
National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology | Year: 2014

Aims & Objective: The present study was aimed to evaluate anti-inflammatory activity of four fractions of ethanolic extract of Crotalaria burhia Buch.-Ham. root in Wistar albino rats.Materials and Methods: Anti-inflammatory activity of four fractions of ethanolic extract of Crotalaria burhia root (EtCB) was evaluated by Carrageenan induced paw edema and cotton pellets induced granuloma in rats. Animals were divided into eight groups (n=6), in which two control groups (25% DMSO and ddH2O), two groups treated with anti-inflammatory drugs (Indomethacin: 10 mg/kg and Diclofenac: 25 mg/kg of body weight) and four fractions treated groups [Hexane (300 mg/kg of bodyweight in 25% DMSO), chloroform (300 mg/kg body weight in 25% DMSO), ethyl acetate (300 mg/kg body weight in 25% DMSO) and aqueous (300 mg/kg of bodyweight in ddH2O)] were treated with oral intubations. Acute anti-inflammatory response was evaluated by measuring paw volume at different time intervals after treatment of test and standard drug. Chronic anti-inflammatory response was evaluated after administration of test and standard treatment for seven consecutive days. On day eighth, four sterile cotton pellets (50 mg) were implanted subcutaneously in the dorsal region of the rats. On the day 16th, the rats were sacrificed and the cotton pellets with granulomatous tissue were taken out, fresh and dry pellets were weighed. Liver tissues was also excised and stored in 0.9% saline at - 20 ◦C for biochemical analysis.Results: In acute and chronic anti-inflammatory activity hexane (HF), chloroform (CF), ethyl acetate (EAF) and aqueous (AF) of EtCB were shown significant (p<0.05 & p<0.01) anti-inflammatory activity when compared to respective control group. However, AF had shown negligible anti-inflammatory activity. Interestingly, EAF was founded more effective than HF and CF in this paradigm. Acute and chronic anti-inflammatory activity of fractions was comparable with positive standard.Conclusion: The results of present study revealed promising anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity of EAF. Thus, results indicate that the superiority in anti-inflammatory activity of EAF was largely due to its ability to modulate In vivo antioxidant parameters. The results presented here are the first pharmacological studies of EAF of EtCB as anti-inflammatory and antioxidant.Background: Roots of medicinal plants are common ingredients in many folk and herbal medicines system to treat inflammation. The detailed study on C. burhia root was lacking to support their anti-inflammatory potential. Henceforth, present investigation was carried out to establish scientific basis for the traditional uses of Crotalaria buriha root as anti-inflammatory agent. © 2014, Mrs Deepika Charan. All rights reserved.

Shah V.,GCS Medical College | Vyas S.,AMC MET Medical College | Singh A.,Smt NHL Municipal Medical College | Shrivastava M.,Smt NHL Municipal Medical College
ecancermedicalscience | Year: 2012

Background: Carcinoma of the cervix is the second most common cancer in women worldwide, while it is the commonest cancer among Indian women. Awareness regarding cervical cancer and its prevention is quite low amongst Indian women. The Pap test is a simple and cost effective technique for early diagnosis of cervical cancer. It is necessary to make nursing staff aware of cervical cancer, so that they can impart knowledge regarding cervical cancer and its prevention to the general public. Aims and objectives: (1) To assess the knowledge level regarding symptoms, risk factors, prevention and screening of cervical carcinoma among nursing staff. (2) To find out the behaviour of respondents regarding prevention and screening of cervical carcinoma. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional interview-based survey regarding knowledge levels about cervical carcinoma was conducted among the nursing staff from one of the tertiary health institutes of Ahmedabad, India. A structured questionnaire with multiple choices was used for data collection. Provision for open-ended responses was also made in the questionnaire. Department-wise stratification was carried out, and thereafter 15% of the total nursing staff from all departments were selected randomly so as to include a total of 100 nurses in the current study. Data entry was done in Microsoft Excel. SPSS statistical software was used to generate statistical parameters like proportion, mean, standard deviation, etc. The Z test was used as a test of significance, and a P value of <0.05 was considered as the level of significance. © the authors.

Upasani V.V.,University of California at San Diego | Bomar J.D.,Rady Childrens Hospital | Parikh G.,AMC MET Medical College | Hosalkar H.,Rady Childrens Hospital
Journal of Children's Orthopaedics | Year: 2012

Introduction: Few studies have evaluated the reliability and reproducibility of the femoral neck-shaft angle (NSA), center-edge angle (CEA), and acetabular index (AI) in young children with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). We wanted to determine whether these parameters could be used reliably by practitioners. Methods: Fifty radiographs from 21 children with DDH were reviewed. Analysis was performed by three observers, at two time periods. The intra- and inter-observer reliability for each measure was assessed. Results: At time period one, we noted a "high" level of agreement between observers when measuring the NSA, a "low" level when measuring the CEA, and a "moderate" level when measuring the AI. At time period two, we noted a "very high" level of agreement between observers when measuring the NSA and a "high" level when measuring the CEA and AI. When comparing the measurements of observer 1 at the two different time periods, we noted nearly "very high" agreement when measuring the NSA, a "moderate" agreement when measuring the CEA, and a "high" agreement for the AI. In comparing the measurements of observer 2, we noted "very high" agreement for the NSA and "high" agreement for the CEA and AI. In comparing the measurements for observer 3, we noted nearly "very high" agreement for the NSA, nearly "high" agreement for the CEA, and "high" agreement for the AI. Conclusion: It is difficult to reliably measure three-dimensional pelvic morphology on a frontal plane radiograph, especially when important pelvic landmarks have yet to ossify. © 2012 EPOS.

Prajapati T.,AMC MET Medical College | Tandon R.N.,Bj Medical College
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2013

Injuries and death due to trauma are very important events in forensic medicine subject. Their interpretation is vital to reconstruct the events and their proper management. In medical field every person comes across to injured patient examination and supposes to draw conclusion so the law will be able to take some action against the person who cause such type of injury. Among all the regional injuries, head & neck injuries are very common and important in forensic medicine. The incidence of head injuries is growing with greater mechanization in industry and increased in high velocity transport. The head is the target of choice in the majority of assaults involving blunt trauma. The brain and its covering are vulnerable to that degree of trauma as would rarely prove fatal, if applied to other body parts. The present study was undertaken with a view to draw the autopsy findings of pattern of skull fractures and intracranial hemorrhages in cases of fatal head trauma. The prospective study was conducted in the department of forensic medicine & toxicology of B.J.Medical College, Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. Available number of dead bodies which are brought to mortuary directly or from neurosurgery department or from accidental emergency was studied. A total 200 cases of fatal head injury that had been reported to the department of Neurosurgery or in Accidental Emergency are studied grossly in relation with all the probable clinical findings, mechanical factors and other associated causes to rule out the status of fatal head injury cases. This study provides the pattern of skull fractures & intracranial hemorrhages, which may help to formulate the recommendations for proper management of acute head trauma cases at various levels & to formulate the recommendations for proper use of safety devices for reduction of incidence of head injury cases.

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