Eluagu E.N.,National Root Crop Research Institute |
Onimawo I.A.,Ambrose University
Electronic Journal of Environmental, Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2010
Studies were conducted on the mineral composition and antinutritional factors of flours produced from two improved orange fleshed sweet potato (OFSP) genotypes (CIP199004.2 and CIP440216), which were processed using two treatments; the unblanched and blanched method. The sweet potato roots were stripped and the striped samples shared into two portions; one portion was unblanched, washed, drained and oven (Gallenkamp, model OV- 160) dried while the other portion was blanched in hot water (90°C) for 5 minutes, drained and oven dried. The dried samples were milled and later sieved (0.2mm) into flour for mineral and antinutritional analysis. The results showed that the mineral contents of both unblanched and blanched OFSP flour samples differed due to processing and varietal effect with the unblanched flour samples having slightly higher β-carotene content value than the blanched OFSP flour samples. The β-carotene values of CIP 199004.2 flour samples were 3.48 μg/g (unblanched) and 1.54μg/g (blanched), while CIP 440216 was 5.48μg/g (unblanched) and 4.24μg/g (blanched). The iron content of the unblanched CIP 440216 had a slightly higher value of 0.84mg/g than unblanched CIP 199004.2 (0.63mg/g). The phytate content in unblanched OFSP flour samples seemed relatively higher than the blanched OFSP flour samples and may be as a result of the processing method as it affected the phytate content through leaching process. The result obtained from tannins was generally low. In effect, it seems that utilizing orange fleshed sweet potato in their raw (unblanched) form retains the nutrients more than in their processed form.
Onyemaobi G.A.,Federal University of Technology Owerri |
Onimawo I.A.,Ambrose University
Journal of Applied Sciences Research | Year: 2011
The objective of the cross-sectional study was to determine risk factors for anaemia, to determine the impact of malaria on iron deficiency, and establish the relationship between worm infestation and iron deficiency in under-five children in Imo State of Nigeria. A total of four hundred (400) children aged 6-60 months, selected by purposive sampling method, provided blood to assess anaemia, food consumption, and body measurements.. Two hundred were from urban and two hundred from rural locations. Weighed 3-day food records were used to analyse food and nutrient intake. Blood samples for determination of haemoglobin, serum ferritin, packed cell volume, vitamin C, and presence of malaria parasites were obtained by vein puncture. Stool samples were collected to determine parasitic infestations. Structured and validated questionnaire was administered to elicit information related to socio-economic status of the parents, and health status of the children. Using serum ferritin (SF) cut-off <12.mg/l (WHO, 1994), 48.8% were iron deficient, and 70.5% were anaemic (Hb <105 g/l). There were varying degrees of anaemia 38.0% had mild anaemia, 31.8% were moderately anaemic and 0.8% was severely anaemic (WHO/UNICEF/UNN, 2001).Some (18%) were infected by worms, hook worm affected 7.8%, Ascaris ova found in 5.8%, and Taenia 3.8 %.. Malaria parasites were found in 42.3% of the children. The correlation values (r=-197; p, 0.00) showed strong correlation between malaria and anaemia, and also a strong correlation between malaria and iron deficiency (r -0.442; p<0.001). Of the 169(42.25%) that had malaria parasites, 74.6% were iron deficient..The most risk factor associated with anaemia in children (12 - 60 months olds) was helminthic infections which was higher in rural areas (28.5%). Malaria was higher in rural children (49.5%) than in urban (35.0%) regardless of sex.
Prosise J.,Ambrose University |
Yochum H.,Sweet Briar College
ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition, Conference Proceedings | Year: 2014
Today's societal characteristics are compelling engineering graduates to have a broader range of skills rather than the highly focused technical repertoire demanded of engineers in the past, including teamwork and communication skills1, as well as an awareness of the effects of technologies on cultures, societies, and economies2. In order to meet these needs, an undergraduate engineering design course has been developed as a collaborative effort between faculty members at two small liberal arts institutions separated by more than 800 miles. Each institution offers an ABET accredited engineering degree (Engineering Science and Industrial Engineering) and graduates ~7-12 engineers per year. In the shared course, engineering student virtual teams design and implement assistive technologies for persons with disabilities and underprivileged individuals for both local and global clients. The course is required for engineering majors from both institutions and is usually taken in the sophomore or junior year as a pre-capstone experience. Sharing expertise, capabilities, and faculty time are important considerations in developing the course because of the very small size of each school's departments. Overcoming the challenges of communicating long-distance with teammates as well as project collaboration at a distance are important aspects of the course. Long-distance collaboration is particularly important today as many engineers in industry now work at a distance with colleagues. In this paper, we will describe our course and describe a variety of lessons learned about this type of course and collaboration. A comparison of the course with and without the use of virtual teams suggests that students rate their multidisciplinary teamwork skills as being much more developed in the version of the course with virtual teams as compared to when team members are all at one campus. © American Society for Engineering Education, 2014.
Akande T.,Bingham University |
Balogun S. T.,University Of Maiduguri |
Gabriel O.,Ambrose University
Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science | Year: 2012
The effects of penic illin-streptomycin on some liver enzymes and total serum protein were investigated using thirty adult rabbits (Orcytolagus coniculus) weighing 1.8-2.5kg. They were divided into six groups (Groups A - F) of five animals each. Groups A - C received high, moderate and low doses of penicillin-streptomycin, respectively; Group D received penicillin at 10mg/kg twice daily, Group E received streptomycin at 50mg/kg once daily while Group F received normal saline throu ghout the period of drug administration. All treatments were administered intramuscularly and lasted for ten consecutive days. Serum samples were taken before drug administration (0 hour) to establish baseline parameters and then at 24 and 168 hours post administration of the last dose of the drugs, that is, 11 and 17th days post commencement of treatment. Aspartate amino transferase (AST), alanine amino transferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatse (ALP) and total s erum protein were determined in all the serum samples using appropriate methods. The results showed significant increase in AST and ALT when compared with baseline parameters (p < 0.05). In contrast, there was significant decrease in total serum protein (p < 0.05). However, no significant difference was observed in ALP activities before and after drug administration. In conclusion, penicillin-streptomycin could interfere with liver functions by induction of acute hepatitis especially when given in high dosages.
Ambrose University | Date: 2012-06-12
Clothing, namely, sweaters, polo shirts, t-shirts, and jackets. Educational services, namely, providing courses of instruction at the college level; organizing college and university sporting exhibitions and events; providing recreational sporting activities.