Twin Falls, ID, United States
Twin Falls, ID, United States

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Strausbaugh C.A.,U.S. Department of Agriculture | Neher O.,Amalgamated Sugar Company | Rearick E.,Amalgamated Research LLC | Eujayl I.A.,U.S. Department of Agriculture
Plant Disease | Year: 2015

Root rots in sugar beet storage can lead to multimillion dollar losses because of reduced sucrose recovery. Thus, studies were conducted to establish additional fungicide treatments for sugar beet storage and a greater understanding of the fungi involved in the sugar beet storage rot complex in Idaho. A water control treatment and three fungicides (Mertect [product at 0.065ml/kg of roots; 42.3%thiabendazole {vol/vol}], Propulse [product at 0.049 ml/kg of roots; 17.4% fluopyram and 17.4% prothioconazole {vol/vol}], and Stadium [product at 0.13 ml/kg of roots; 12.51% azoxystrobin, 12.51% fludioxonil, and 9.76% difenoconozole {vol/vol}]) were investigated for the ability to control fungal rots of sugar beet roots held up to 148 days in storage during the 2012 and 2013 storage seasons. At the end of September into October, roots were harvested weekly for 5 weeks from each of two sugar beet fields in Idaho, treated with the appropriate fungicide, and placed on top of a commercial indoor sugar beet storage pile until early February. Differences (P < 0.0001 to 0.0150 among fungicide treatments were evident. Propulse- and Stadiumtreated roots had 84 to 100%less fungal growth versus the control roots, whereas fungal growth on Mertect-treated roots was not different from the control roots in 7 of 12 comparisons for roots harvested each of the first 3 weeks in both years of this study. The Propulse- and Stadiumtreated roots also reduced (P < 0.0001 to 0.0146; based on weeks 1, 3, and 4 in 2012 and weeks 1, 3, 4, and 5 in 2013) sucrose loss by 14 to 46% versus the control roots, whereas roots treated with Mertect did not change sucrose loss compared with the contrlol roots in 7 of 10 evaluations. The predominant fungi isolated from symptomatic roots were an Athelia-like sp., Botrytis cinerea, Penicillium spp., and Phoma betae. If Propulse and Stadium are labeled for use on sugar beet in storage, these fungicides should be considered for root rot control in commercial sugar beet storage and on roots held for vernalization for seed production of this biennial plant species. © 2015 The American Phytopathological Society.

Rearick D.E.,Amalgamated Research LLC | McKay C.,Amalgamated Research LLC | Bagramyan A.,Amalgamated Research LLC
Zuckerindustrie | Year: 2011

Weekly factory composite samples of feed and all exiting streams (after concentration) from a normally operating factory Coupled Loop molasses desugarization system were analyzed for sucrose, betaine, raffinose, common cations, inorganic anions, common organic acids, and amino acids. The percentage of total solids accounted for in all analyses was highest in the betaine fraction (which contains the highest proportion of betaine and amino acids) and lowest in feed and raffinate streams, which contain color components, high molecular mass compounds, and other unidentified materials. Distribution data for all analytes as aforementioned are given.

Amalgamated Research Llc | Date: 2012-11-26

A system and process for refining raw sugar, comprising a melting unit configured to receive the raw sugar and an eluent to produce a melt liquor, a decolorization unit configured to receive the melt liquor and to produce a fine liquor, a crystallization unit configured to fractionate high-purity crystalline sucrose from the fine liquor and to provide a run-off syrup, a softening unit configured to receive the run-off syrup to produce a softened syrup, at least one separation unit configured to receive the softened syrup to produce a low-invert sucrose product, and a recycle line configured to relay the low-invert sucrose product from the at least one separation unit to the melting unit.

Described is a method of separating a product from a feed stream. The method comprises introducing a feed stream comprising a product and at least one other component to a simulated moving bed system. At least two scaling factors are applied to at least one of an inlet flow and an outlet flow to determine a temporal pattern for control of the flow(s). The product is separated from the at least one other component of the feed stream.

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