Stober S.S.,Alvernia University
International Journal of Environmental Sustainability | Year: 2014
The view which one holds regarding the role of humans in the natural world may function like a "moral compass" for leaders and their organizations as they make decisions with consequences for Nature. A human-centered approach to leadership makes it difficult for us to make the nature-centered choices that are necessary to sustain the environment, but a more nature-centered view can help achieve this goal. This paper proposes the following: First, leadership theory and practice is customarily perceived as a human-centered endeavor (about humans, for humans), and this human-centered perspective works to distance humans from the natural world. Second, nature-centered leadership is a legitimate view and includes viewing Nature as a stakeholder in the strategic planning process. Third, those who study leadership theory should question the anthropocentric presuppositions that inform leadership theory and practice. Leaders are in a key position to encourage dialogue among stakeholders to examine these presuppositions when planning for the triple-bottom-line (people, planet, and profit). Finally, the "precautionary principle" will be recommended as an important consideration for organizational planners when the consequences of their decisions are unclear. Naturecentered leaders influence this planning process in their efforts to preserve the environment for future generations. © Common Ground, Spencer S. Stober, All Rights Reserved.
Chinni R.,Alvernia University |
Cremers D.A.,Applied Research Associates Inc. |
Multari R.,Applied Research Associates Inc.
Applied Optics | Year: 2010
Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) was evaluated to determine elements collected on swipes as surface contamination. A series of long laser plasmas formed along the swipe surface (Post-it paper) interrogated the collected contamination. LIBS detection limits, determined for the elements Ag, As, Ba, Be, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sr, and Zn on swipes (2cm2 area), ranged from 0.002 μg (Be) to 1.46 μg (Pb). The elements were introduced as constituents of synthetic silicate particles serving as a contaminant dust stimulant. The average predicted mass was within 16% of the actual mass on the swipe. The efficiency of collecting particles from surfaces including plastic, Formica, and Al metal was also evaluated. The ability to detect and differentiate two amino acids on a swipe from each other and from the swipe using chemometric modeling techniques was also demonstrated. © 2010 Optical Society of America.
Delbene R.,Alvernia University
Communication and Medicine | Year: 2011
Bury's (1982) argument that the onset of a chronic illness represents a biographical disruption has become paradigmatic in the sociology of illness studies. More recently Bury (1991, 1997) himself, Williams (2000) and other medical sociologists have argued that the notion of illness as biographical disruption needs re-examination. Following a phenomenological approach, in this paper the author draws on different narrative models (Labov and Waletzky 1967 and Ricoeur 1980) to analyze how patients orient to the onset of chronic illness as the complicating action. The data comprise eight narratives collected in South America: three correspond to patients with renal failure, and five to patients with HIV/AIDS disease. It is observed that in some cases, patients' complicating actions are rather oriented to experiences of poverty, drug addiction, and criminality that took place prior to their onset of their illnesses. These experiences, instead of the onset of their illnesses, occupy the place of the complicating action in these patients' narratives. The author discusses that in the studies of illness narratives, it is difficult to operate from a different paradigm, but argues that conflating the onset of chronic illness with a biographical disruption may confuse the episodic dimension of narrative with the configurational dimension. Copyright © Equinox Publishing Ltd.
Emmert L.A.,University of New Mexico |
Chinni R.C.,Alvernia University |
Cremers D.A.,Applied Research Associates Inc. |
Jones C.R.,Applied Research Associates Inc. |
Rudolph W.,University of New Mexico
Applied Optics | Year: 2011
We present spectra of depleted uranium metal from laser plasmas generated by nanosecond Nd:YAG (1064 nm) and femtosecond Ti:sapphire (800 nm) laser pulses. The latter pulses produce short-lived and relatively cool plasmas in comparison to the longer pulses, and the spectra of neutral uranium atoms appear immediately after excitation. Evidence for nonequilibrium excitation with femtosecond pulses is found in the dependence of spectral line intensities on the pulse chirp. © 2011 Optical Society of America.
Matteo E.,Alvernia University
Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community | Year: 2013
This qualitative study examined three stigma reduction interventions against mental illness stigma: education, video, and contact. Undergraduates (N = 69) in three introductory psychology classes from a small, Catholic, liberal arts university in the northeast United States participated. Responses to two open-ended questions revealed common negative and stereotypical themes associated with mental illness. The benefits of supplementing traditional social distance measures with a qualitative approach, as well as the importance of considering a social developmental approach to stigma education are discussed. Copyright © 2013 Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.