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Sant'Ambrogio di Torino, Italy

Pinni M.E.,ALTEC | Bade A.,Airbus | Illmer N.,ESA EAC | Seine R.,ESA EAC
Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC | Year: 2012

Emergency training for ISS crew members is implemented to ensure the crew handles potentially life threatening situations in a structured, agreed way. Past events have shown that there is a potential for fires, depressurisation, and atmosphere contamination. NASA as the ISS Integrator has the ultimate responsibility for overall ISS safety. However, since all Partners contribute with certain elements, it has been decided that element-level emergency training for the crew shall be performed by the partners in preparation of integrated emergency training. ESA is implementing a dedicated training for Emergency Response in the Columbus module at the European Astronaut Centre (EAC) in Cologne. The ESA Emergency training was developed by the Columbus Systems Instructor Team. The content and conduct of this training are presented in this paper. The Columbus Emergency Training largely focuses on the fire cases and is harmonised with the NASA emergency training. Differences between NASA and ESA hardware and software are emphasised. The Emergency Training occurs early in the Columbus training flow, and it relies on the basic knowledge of the Columbus module and its subsystems. Basic system knowledge is necessary to ensure situational awareness throughout the emergency, and may also allow for an early detection of a contingency situation. Maintaining safety also requires validated procedures, to be followed precisely and in close coordination with the Flight Control Teams on ground. Communication, both written and oral, should be explicit, clear and concise. During Columbus Emergency training all this is practised in conditions as realistic as possible. Key tasks and safety-relevant information are stressed and repeated throughout the entire Columbus training from the first lesson up to on-board drills. Repetition of theory and practice, along with memorizing response actions and facts, has the goal of building "automatic" reactions which is crucial for crew to act decisively under stress. Crew feedback was essential in the early training implementation to improve lessons, training material, and most importantly, the Columbus Emergency procedures. This paper will present a summary of EAC Columbus Emergency Training development, key crew tasks, lesson overview, interface with the NASA training counterpart, and facilities used, along with possible future developments. Copyright© (2012) by the International Astronautical Federation. Source

O'Mullane W.,European Space Agency | Beck M.,ISDC | De Angeli F.,IOA | Hoar J.,ESA ESAC | And 3 more authors.
EAS Publications Series | Year: 2011

A considerable amount of computing power is needed for Gaia data processing during the mission. A pan European system of six data centres are working together to perform different parts of the processing and combine the results. Data processing estimates suggest around 1020 FLOP total processing is required. Data will be transferred daily around Europe and with a final raw data volume approaching 100 TB. With these needs in mind the centres are already gearing up for Gaia. We present the status and plans of the Gaia Data Processing Centres. © EAS, EDP Sciences 2011. Source

Della Torre A.,Carlo Gavazzi Space SpA | Ercoli Finzi A.,Polytechnic of Milan | Genta G.,Polytechnic University of Turin | Curti F.,University of Rome La Sapienza | And 10 more authors.
Acta Astronautica | Year: 2010

The paper provides an overview of the conceptual design of the Lunar Rover conceived by Team Italia for the AMALIA Mission, candidate for the Google Lunar X Prize Challenge. The name of the mission is an acronym of the Latin language sentence "Ascensio Machinae Ad Lunam Italica Arte". With the Lunar Challenge initiative, the X Prize Foundation intends to promote the involvement of private actors in the access to space, by endowing a prize to the first privately funded lunar mission covering a certain minimum distance on the Moon surface. Additional prizes are available in case of achievement of more challenging goals, like surviving lunar night, travelling for a longer distance, visiting areas of the first Apollo Missions. Although the AMALIA Rover Subsystems are the typical ones of an Exploration Rover, their design is highly influenced by the above depicted mission context. The followed design approach is closer to the one of a commercial mission than to an Institutional Space Exploration Mission one. It has to be noted that, for being compliant with GLXP rules, at least 90% of funds required for competing in the Prize has to come from private or non-governmental sources. The achievement of such challenging goals requires adopting suitable technical and programmatic solutions, having the need to optimize costs and schedule while still maximizing the probability of success. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Martucci di Scarfizzi G.,ALTEC | Bellomo A.,ALTEC | Musso I.,ALTEC | Bussi D.,ALTEC | And 4 more authors.
Acta Astronautica | Year: 2015

The Intermediate eXperimental Vehicle (IXV) is an ESA re-entry demonstrator that performed, on the 11th February of 2015, a successful re-entry demonstration mission. The project objectives were the design, development, manufacturing and on ground and in flight verification of an autonomous European lifting and aerodynamically controlled re-entry system.For the IXV mission a dedicated Ground Segment was provided. The main subsystems of the IXV Ground Segment were: IXV Mission Control Center (MCC), from where monitoring of the vehicle was performed, as well as support during pre-launch and recovery phases; IXV Ground Stations, used to cover IXV mission by receiving spacecraft telemetry and forwarding it toward the MCC; the IXV Communication Network, deployed to support the operations of the IXV mission by interconnecting all remote sites with MCC, supporting data, voice and video exchange.This paper describes the concept, architecture, development, implementation and operations of the ESA Intermediate Experimental Vehicle (IXV) Ground Segment and outlines the main operations and lessons learned during the preparation and successful execution of the IXV Mission. © 2015 IAA. Source

Martucci G.,Advanced Logistics Technology Engineering Center | Musso I.,ALTEC | Veneri R.,ALTEC | Martino M.,ALTEC | Ciampolini A.,ALTEC
62nd International Astronautical Congress 2011, IAC 2011 | Year: 2011

Starting from the experience acquired for Shuttle Multi Purpose Logistics Module and Columbus operations for the International Space Station, ALTEC is preparing to become a multi-purpose Space Support and Control Centre in preparation to international missions requiring decentralized control processes. Against the usual approach of a specialized and centralized control centre the paper discusses the effectiveness of a network of multi-purpose remote centers which can compose a distributed infrastructure providing higher stability and cost reduction. Moreover the proposed approach implies a better diffusion and sharing of space knowledge with an enlargement of the possible technology return and dissemination to universities and enterprises. Authors provide the overview of the new studies ALTEC is performing to collect knowledge and models necessary to support and lead multi-purpose operations. In particular the following cases have been described: the extended ISS missions, re-entry capsule and planetary robots. Architectural concepts are analyzed starting from a limited to a complete decentralized approach: local monitoring using web based interfaces (Web-RM), local commanding via centralization node (ISS paradigm) and independent collaborating control centres (Galileo constellation). Copyright ©2010 by the International Astronautical Federation. All rights reserved. Source

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