Cohen-Bacrie S.,Alphabio Laboratory |
Halfon P.,Alphabio Laboratory
Future Virology | Year: 2013
Now that molecular assays have been simplified, they can be performed at the point of care (POC). As we aimed to evaluate POC detection of respiratory viruses, we have collected studies on the molecular detection of viruses in children and adults with a well-characterized diagnosis, made in hospital settings, of community-acquired acute bronchiolitis (AB) or pneumonia (CAP). We then present the epidemiological issues for each disease. The prevalence of 18 virus species and types was determined separately for each disease, virus by virus. Overall, the median detection rate of viruses was 90% (interquartile range [IQR]: 69.25-93.5%) and 71.8% (IQR: 69.25-74.25%) in children with AB and CAP, respectively, and 24.5% (IQR: 20-30%) in adults with CAP. The observations on the relationship between virological findings and severity of disease were conflicting in AB, while those for influenza-related CAP were significantly associated with high morbidity/mortality. There is evidence supporting the suggestion that molecular POC detection of targeted pathogens could optimize bed management in emergency departments, guide anti-infective therapies and prevent nosocomial outbreaks. However, further investigations are required to determine when the detection of a large panel of viruses should be processed in clinical practice. © 2013 Future Medicine Ltd.
Penaranda G.,AlphaBio Laboratory |
Raoul J.L.,Institute Paoli Calmette |
Le Treut P.,Center Hospitalo University Timone |
Bollon E.,Center Hospitalo University Timone |
Hardwigsen J.,Center Hospitalo University Timone
World Journal of Hepatology | Year: 2016
Therapeutic management of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is quite complex owing to the underlying cirrhosis and portal vein hypertension. Different scores or classification systems based on liver function and tumoral stages have been published in the recent years. If none of them is currently "universally" recognized, the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) staging system has become the reference classification system in Western countries. Based on a robust treatment algorithm associated with stage stratification, it relies on a high level of evidence. However, BCLC stage B and C HCC include a broad spectrum of tumors but are only matched with a single therapeutic option. Some experts have thus suggested to extend the indications for surgery or for transarterial chemoembolization. In clinical practice, many patients are already treated beyond the scope of recommendations. Additional alternative prognostic scores that could be applied to any therapeutic modality have been recently proposed. They could represent complementary tools to the BCLC staging system and improve the stratification of HCC patients enrolled in clinical trials, as illustrated by the NIACE score. Prospective studies are needed to compare these scores and refine their role in the decision making process. © The Author(s) 2016. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
Kchouk F.H.,Tunis el Manar University |
Gorgi Y.,Tunis el Manar University |
Bouslama L.,Center de Biotechnologie de la Technopole de Borj-Cedria |
Sfar I.,Tunis el Manar University |
And 7 more authors.
Viral Immunology | Year: 2013
The present study describes the strains of hepatitis C virus (HCV) isolated from Tunisian hemodialysis patients. Thirty-three HCV strains isolated from different dialysis centers in Tunis City were amplified by RT-PCR in a region of the NS5b gene, genotyped by sequencing, and compared to international sequences by phylogenetic analysis. The phylogenetic tree showed that 16 HCV isolates have been identified as subtype 4k (48.5%), 7 as unspecified HCV-4 subtype (21.2%), 5 as subtype 4a et 1b (each 15.2%). The analysis of this tree revealed that the HCV-1b strains were closely related to Anglo-Saxon and European isolates, while the HCV-4 isolates are genetically similar to Egyptian and African strains. Phylogenic analysis of 33 Tunisian isolates with international HCV strains on a region of the NS5b gene demonstrated that the subtype 4k submerged the Tunis city and a new subtype of HCV4 seems to be suspect in this area. © Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2013.
PubMed | CHU la Pitie Salpetriere, Alphabio Laboratory, University Hopital La Conception, French Institute of Health and Medical Research and 9 more.
Type: | Journal: Joint, bone, spine : revue du rhumatisme | Year: 2016
Type 1 Gaucher disease may be related to the presence of autoantibodies. Their clinical significance is questioned. Primary Endpoint was to compare the prevalence of autoantibodies in type 1 Gaucher disease patients with healthy subjects, seeking correlations with autoimmune characteristics. Secondary endpoints were to determine whether patients with autoantibodies reported autoimmunity-related symptoms and if genotype, splenectomy or treatment influenced autoantibodies presence.Type 1 Gaucher disease patients and healthy volunteers were included in this national multicenter exploratory study. Autoantibodies presence was compared in both groups and assessed regarding to genotype, splenectomy, Gaucher disease treatment and autoimmunity-related symptoms.Twenty healthy subjects and 40 type 1 Gaucher disease patients were included. Of the studied group: 15 patients undergone splenectomy, 37 were treated either with enzyme replacement therapy (34) or with substrate reduction therapy (3), 25 were homozygous/heterozygous for the N370S mutation. In type 1 Gaucher disease group (studied group), 52% had positive autoantibodies versus 26% in control group. Antiphospholipid antibodies were more frequent in the studied group (30% vs 5%), but without correlation to thrombosis, osteonecrosis or bone infarcts. In the studied group, antinuclear antibodies were more frequent (25% vs 16%). None of the patients with autoantibodies had clinical manifestations of autoimmune diseases. Autoantibodies were not correlated with treatment, genotype, or splenectomy, except for anticardiolipid, more frequent in splenectomized patients.In type 1 Gaucher disease, autoantibodies were more frequent compared to a healthy population. However, they were not associated with an increased prevalence of clinical active autoimmune diseases.
Sancho-Garnier H.,Regional Cancer Center |
Tamalet C.,Virology Unit |
Halfon P.,Alphabio Laboratory |
Leandri F.X.,ARCADES |
And 5 more authors.
International Journal of Cancer | Year: 2013
Today in France, low attendance to cervical screening by Papanicolaou cytology (Pap-smear) is a major contributor to the 3,000 new cervical cancer cases and 1,000 deaths that occur from this disease every year. Nonattenders are mostly from lower socioeconomic groups and testing of self-obtained samples for high-risk Human Papilloma virus (HPV) types has been proposed as a method to increase screening participation in these groups. In 2011, we conducted a randomized study of women aged 35-69 from very low-income populations around Marseille who had not responded to an initial invitation for a free Pap-smear. After randomization, one group received a second invitation for a free Pap-smear and the other group was offered a free self-sampling kit for HPV testing. Participation rates were significantly different between the two groups with only 2.0% of women attending for a Pap-smear while 18.3% of women returned a self-sample for HPV testing (p ≤ 0.001). The detection rate of high-grade lesions (≥CIN2) was 0.2‰ in the Pap-smear group and 1.25‰ in the self-sampling group (p = 0.01). Offering self-sampling increased participation rates while the use of HPV testing increased the detection of cervical lesions (≥CIN2) in comparison to the group of women receiving a second invitation for a Pap-smear. However, low compliance to follow-up in the self-sampling group reduces the effectiveness of this screening approach in nonattenders women and must be carefully managed. Copyright © 2013 UICC.
Mateos Lindemann M.L.,Ramon y Cajal Hospital |
Rodriguez Dominguez M.J.,Ramon y Cajal Hospital |
Chacon De Antonio J.,Ramon y Cajal Hospital |
Sandri M.T.,Italian National Cancer Institute |
And 7 more authors.
Journal of Molecular Diagnostics | Year: 2012
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a causal agent of cervical cancer, and persistent HPV16 or HPV18 infection carries a particularly high risk. The cobas HPV Test (cobas) provides individual HPV16/HPV18 genotyping with a simultaneous result for 12 other high-risk HPV (hrHPV) genotypes. Its analytical performance for hrHPV genotype detection was retrospectively evaluated against the digene Hybrid Capture 2 HPV DNA test (HC2), in three European centers, in 1360 cervical samples. Both HPV tests performed similarly, with no significant difference in the number of positive and negative samples identified by each test and good agreement between the tests was observed. Discordant samples were analyzed with the Linear Array HPV genotyping test. More low-risk HPV (lrHPV) genotypes were detected in HC2-positive/cobas-negative samples compared with HC2-negative/cobas-positive samples. Conversely, more hrHPV genotypes were detected in HC2-negative/cobas-positive samples compared with HC2-positive/cobas-negative samples. Eight HC2-negative/cobas-positive samples were positive for HPV16 compared with five HC2-positive/cobas-negative samples; HPV18 was detected in one HC2-negative/cobas-positive sample and one HC2-positive/cobas-negative sample. The cobas HPV Test demonstrates comparable analytical performance to the HC2 test, but with a lower rate of cross-reactivity with lrHPV genotypes, and has the advantage of simultaneously providing HPV16/HPV18 identification. © 2012 American Society for Investigative Pathology and the Association for Molecular Pathology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Cals P.,University of Angers |
Cals P.,Angers University Hospital Center |
Halfon P.,Alphabio Laboratory |
Batisse D.,Hopital Europeen Georges Pompidou |
And 16 more authors.
Journal of Hepatology | Year: 2010
Background & Aims: We compared 5 non-specific and 2 specific blood tests for liver fibrosis in HCV/HIV co-infection. Methods: Four hundred and sixty-seven patients were included into derivation (n = 183) or validation (n = 284) populations. Within these populations, the diagnostic target, significant fibrosis (Metavir F ≥2), was found in 66% and 72% of the patients, respectively. Two new fibrosis tests, FibroMeter HICV and HICV test, were constructed in the derivation population. Results: Unadjusted AUROCs in the derivation population were: APRI: 0.716, Fib-4: 0.722, Fibrotest: 0.778, Hepascore: 0.779, FibroMeter: 0.783, HICV test: 0.822, FibroMeter HICV: 0.828. AUROCs adjusted on classification and distribution of fibrosis stages in a reference population showed similar values in both populations. FibroMeter, FibroMeter HICV and HICV test had the highest correct classification rates in F0/1 and F3/4 (which account for high predictive values): 77-79% vs. 70-72% in the other tests (p = 0.002). Reliable individual diagnosis based on predictive values ≥90% distinguished three test categories: poorly reliable: Fib-4 (2.4% of patients), APRI (8.9%); moderately reliable: Fibrotest (25.4%), FibroMeter (26.6%), Hepascore (30.2%); acceptably reliable: HICV test (40.2%), FibroMeter HICV (45.6%) (p < 10-3 between tests). FibroMeter HICV classified all patients into four reliable diagnosis intervals (≤F1, F1 ± 1, ≥F1, ≥F2) with an overall accuracy of 93% vs. 79% (p < 10-3) for a binary diagnosis of significant fibrosis. Conclusions: Tests designed for HCV infections are less effective in HIV/HCV infections. A specific test, like FibroMeter HICV, was the most interesting test for diagnostic accuracy, correct classification profile, and a reliable diagnosis. With reliable diagnosis intervals, liver biopsy can therefore be avoided in all patients. © 2010 European Association for the Study of the Liver.
Nougairede A.,Aix - Marseille University |
Fossati C.,Hopital Paul Desbief |
Salez N.,Aix - Marseille University |
Cohen-Bacrie S.,AlphaBio Laboratory |
And 7 more authors.
Emerging Infectious Diseases | Year: 2013
Five persons in France were infected with Orf virus after skin wounds were exposed to infected sheep tissues during Eid al-Adha, the Muslim Feast of Sacrifice. Infections were confirmed by electron microscopy, PCR, and sequence analysis. Prevention and control of this underdiagnosed disease can be achieved by educating physicians, slaughterhouse workers, and persons participating in Eid al-Adha.
Pasquier C.,Toulouse University Hospital Center |
Andreutti C.,Laboratory Of Clinique Of La Source |
Bertrand E.,IVF Laboratory |
Bostan A.,Human Reproduction Research Laboratory |
And 13 more authors.
Journal of Medical Virology | Year: 2012
Detection of HIV-1 RNA in semen is used commonly to determine the safety of semen processing procedures before assisted reproductive technology (ART). Using two panels of prepared semen samples containing HIV-1 the performances of protocols from 14 centers have been compared. No false-positive results were detected but false-negative results were frequent when the concentration was below 500 HIV-1 RNA copies/ml of seminal plasma. Frequency of HIV-1 RNA detection was higher on seminal cells than on seminal plasma. Assays (or protocols) for quantifying HIV-1 RNA in semen performed less well than standardized blood plasma assays. The HIV load in seminal plasma could be a useful marker of the risk of sexual transmission of the virus. Its use as a marker of global HAART efficiency in the HIV reservoir needs further study. Standardized assays are required for detection and measurement of HIV-1 RNA in semen samples. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Shlomai A.,Tel Aviv University |
Halfon P.,Alphabio Laboratory |
Goldiner I.,Tel Aviv University |
Zelber-Sagi S.,Tel Aviv University |
And 4 more authors.
Journal of Viral Hepatitis | Year: 2013
Serum bile acids (SBAs) are commonly elevated in cholestatic liver diseases, but it is unclear if SBA levels are also elevated in noncholestatic chronic liver diseases and whether those levels correlate with disease severity. We analysed SBA levels of 135 consecutive patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection and correlated these levels with the degree of liver fibrosis as determined by liver biopsy. In addition, we assessed the accuracy of SBA levels as a noninvasive predictor for liver fibrosis by its comparison to the patients' FibroTest scores. Two-thirds (90/135 patients, 67%) of the study patients had nonsevere liver fibrosis (Metavir F0-F2), and the others (45/135, 33%) had severe fibrosis or cirrhosis (Metavir F3-F4). The SBA levels were significantly higher in patients with severe fibrosis as compared to nonsevere fibrosis (11.46 ± 10.01 vs 6.37 ± 4.69, P < 0.0001). Furthermore, a receiver operator characteristics curve based on a model that included serum bile acids, age, body mass index, serum AST, glucose and cholesterol levels suggested that this combination reliably predicts the degree of liver fibrosis and is not inferior to the current noninvasive FibroTest score (areas under the curve of 0.837 vs 0.83, respectively, P = 0.87). We conclude that measurement of SBA levels may have a clinical role as a simple noninvasive tool to assess the severity of HCV-induced liver disease. Combined with widely available laboratory parameters, SBA levels can predict disease severity with a high degree of accuracy. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.