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Chang P.,Jilin University | Qu Y.,Jilin University | Liu Y.,Alliancells Bioscience Co. | Cui S.,Jilin University | And 3 more authors.
Cell Death and Disease | Year: 2013

Radiation-induced intestinal injuries (RIII) commonly occur in patients who suffer from pelvic or abdominal cancer. However, current management of these injuries is ineffective. Recently, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been extensively used in regenerative medicine and have achieved a high level of efficacy. In the present study, we hypothesised that human adiposederived mesenchymal stem cells (hAd-MSCs) could be used as potential tools to heal RIII. We observed that adult Sprague-Dawley rats that received whole-abdominal irradiation benefitted from hAd-MSC injection. hAd-MSCs had RIII-healing effects, including anti-inflammation, neovascularisation and maintenance of epithelium homeostasis, as indicated by elevated serum IL-10, upregulation of vascular endothelial growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor and epidermal growth factor in irradiated intestine, mobilisation of CD31-positive haematopoietic stem cells or haematopoietic progenitor cells, and the prolonged presence of Bmi1-positive cells within crypts. Consequently, after hAd-MSC treatment, irradiated rats survived longer than non-treated animals. These results suggest that hAd-MSCs have therapeutic potential for RIII management. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved.

Jiang X.,Jilin University | Qu C.,Jilin University | Chang P.,Jilin University | Zhang C.,Jilin University | And 2 more authors.
Cytotherapy | Year: 2015

Background aims: Radiation-induced lung injury (RILI) commonly occurs in patients with thoracic cancer. However, an effective treatment option has not yet been established. Adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (Ad-MSCs) have significant potential for clinical use, but their role in RILI is currently unknown. We aimed to evaluate the therapeutic capacity of Ad-MSCs to heal acute RILI in rats. Methods: Sprague-Dawley rats were used in this study. Rat Ad-MSCs were delivered through the tail veins of rats 2 h after thorax irradiation. Lung histopathologic findings, pulmonary levels of inflammatory cytokines (interleukin [IL]-1, IL-6, IL-10 and tumor necrosis factor-α), pro-fibrotic factors (transforming growth factor [TGF]-β1, connective tissue growth factor, α-smooth muscle actin and type 1 collagen), pro- or anti-apoptotic mediators (Bcl-2, Bax and caspase-3) and the multifunctional factor hepatocyte growth factor were evaluated after Ad-MSC transplant. Results: Intravenous delivery of Ad-MSCs attenuated acute RILI. Further studies showed that Ad-MSCs had anti-inflammation and anti-fibrotic effects and maintained lung epithelium integrity, as indicated by reduced serum levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1, IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α, increased levels of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10, and downregulated transforming growth factor -β1, α-smooth muscle actin and type 1 collagen levels in irradiated lung tissues. Ad-MSCs also regulated the expression of pro- and anti-apoptotic mediators (Bcl-2, Bax and caspase-3) to protect lung cells from apoptosis. Conclusions: Intravenous Ad-MSC delivery attenuated acute RILI through anti-inflammation, anti-fibrosis and anti-apoptosis mechanisms. © 2015 International Society for Cellular Therapy.

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