Verona, Italy
Verona, Italy

Time filter

Source Type

Dondi A.,University of Bologna | Dondi A.,Ramazzini Hospital | Tripodi S.,Sandro Pertini Hospital | Panetta V.,LAltrastatistica srl | And 32 more authors.
Pediatric Allergy and Immunology | Year: 2013

Background: Pollen-induced allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (AR) is highly prevalent and rapidly evolving during childhood. General practitioners may not be fully aware of the nature and severity of symptoms experienced by patients and might underestimate the prevalence of moderate or severe disease. Thus, the relevance of early diagnosis and intervention may be overlooked. Objectives: To investigate the severity of pollen-induced AR and its determinants in Italian children referred to allergy specialists and who had never received specific immunotherapy (SIT). Methods: Children (age 4-18 yr) affected by pollen-induced AR who had never undergone SIT were recruited between May 2009 and June 2011 in 16 pediatric outpatient clinics in 14 Italian cities. Recruited children's parents answered standardized questionnaires on atopic diseases (International Study of Allergy and Asthma in Childhood, Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma, Global Initiative for Asthma). The children underwent skin-prick test (SPT) with several airborne allergens and six food allergens. Information on socio-demographic factors, parental history of allergic diseases, education, perinatal events, breastfeeding, nutrition and environmental exposure in early life was collected through an informatics platform shared by the whole network of clinical centers (AllergyCARD™). Results: Among the 1360 recruited patients (68% males, age 10.5 ± 3.4 yr), 695 (51%) had moderate-to-severe AR, 533 (39%) asthma, and 325 (23.9%) oral allergy syndrome (OAS). Reported onset of pollen-induced AR was on average at 5.3 ± 2.8 yr, and its mean duration from onset was 5.2 ± 3.3 yr. Only 6.2% of the patients were pollen-monosensitized, and 84.9% were sensitized to ≥3 pollens. A longer AR duration was significantly associated with moderate-to-severe AR symptoms (p 0.004), asthma (p 0.030), and OAS comorbidities (p < 0.001). Conclusions: This nationwide study may raise awareness of the severity of pollen-induced AR among Italian children who have never received pollen SIT. The strong association between pollen-induced AR duration and several markers of disease severity needs replication in longitudinal studies, while suggesting that countrywide initiatives for earlier diagnosis and intervention should be planned. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


Asero R.,Allergology Service | Tripodi S.,Sandro Pertini Hospital | Dondi A.,Ramazzini Hospital | Di Rienzo Businco A.,Sandro Pertini Hospital | And 30 more authors.
International Archives of Allergy and Immunology | Year: 2015

Background: Little is known about the prevalence and clinical relevance of hypersensitivity to the plant panallergen profilin in children. Objectives: The present study aimed to investigate prevalence, risk factors and clinical relevance of profilin sensitization in a large cohort of Italian children of different ages living in different geographic areas. Methods: Children with pollen allergy enrolled by 16 pediatric outpatient clinics sited in three main geographic areas of Italy were studied. SPT were carried out with commercial pollen extracts and a commercial purified date palm pollen profilin. IgE specific for allergenic pollen molecules, Phl p 12 (grass profilin) and Pru p 3 (peach lipid transfer protein) were tested by ImmunoCAP FEIA. Results: IgE to Phl p 12 (0.35 kU/l) was observed in 296 of the 1,271 participants (23%), including 17 of the 108 (16%) preschool children. Profilin SPT was positive (3 mm) in 320/1,271 (25%) participants. The two diagnostic methods were concordant in 1,151 (91%, p < 0.0001) cases. Phl p 12 IgE prevalence declined from northern to southern Italy and was directly associated with IgE to Phl p 1 and/or Phl p 5 and Ole e 1. Among children with IgE to Phl p 12, OAS was provoked by kiwi, melon, watermelon, banana, apricot and cucumber. Conclusions: Profilin sensitization is very frequent among pollen-Allergic children, occurs at a very young age and contributes to the development of childhood OAS with a typical pattern of offending foods. Pediatricians should always consider IgE sensitization to profilin while examining pollen-Allergic children, even if they are at preschool age. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.


Mastrorilli C.,University of Parma | Mastrorilli C.,Charité - Medical University of Berlin | Tripodi S.,Sandro Pertini Hospital | Caffarelli C.,University of Parma | And 36 more authors.
Allergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology | Year: 2016

Background: Pollen-food syndrome (PFS) is heterogeneous with regard to triggers, severity, natural history, comorbidities, and response to treatment. Our study aimed to classify different endotypes of PFS based on IgE sensitization to panallergens. Methods: We examined 1271 Italian children (age 4–18 years) with seasonal allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (SAR). Foods triggering PFS were acquired by questionnaire. Skin prick tests were performed with commercial pollen extracts. IgE to panallergens Phl p 12 (profilin), Bet v 1 (PR-10), and Pru p 3 (nsLTP) were tested by ImmunoCAP FEIA. An unsupervised hierarchical agglomerative clustering method was applied within PFS population. Results: PFS was observed in 300/1271 children (24%). Cluster analysis identified five PFS endotypes linked to panallergen IgE sensitization: (i) cosensitization to ≥2 panallergens (‘multi-panallergen PFS’); (ii–iv) sensitization to either profilin, or nsLTP, or PR-10 (‘mono-panallergen PFS’); (v) no sensitization to panallergens (‘no-panallergen PFS’). These endotypes showed peculiar characteristics: (i) ‘multi-panallergen PFS’: severe disease with frequent allergic comorbidities and multiple offending foods; (ii) ‘profilin PFS’: oral allergy syndrome (OAS) triggered by Cucurbitaceae; (iii) ‘LTP PFS’: living in Southern Italy, OAS triggered by hazelnut and peanut; (iv) ‘PR-10 PFS’: OAS triggered by Rosaceae; and (v) ‘no-panallergen PFS’: mild disease and OAS triggered by kiwifruit. Conclusions: In a Mediterranean country characterized by multiple pollen exposures, PFS is a complex and frequent complication of childhood SAR, with five distinct endotypes marked by peculiar profiles of IgE sensitization to panallergens. Prospective studies in cohorts of patients with PFS are now required to test whether this novel classification may be useful for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes in the clinical practice. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd


PubMed | University of Padua, Fatebenefratelli Hospital, San Giuseppe Hospital, Grassi Hospital and 17 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Allergy | Year: 2016

Pollen-food syndrome (PFS) is heterogeneous with regard to triggers, severity, natural history, comorbidities, and response to treatment. Our study aimed to classify different endotypes of PFS based on IgE sensitization to panallergens.We examined 1271 Italian children (age 4-18 years) with seasonal allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (SAR). Foods triggering PFS were acquired by questionnaire. Skin prick tests were performed with commercial pollen extracts. IgE to panallergens Phl p 12 (profilin), Bet v 1 (PR-10), and Pru p 3 (nsLTP) were tested by ImmunoCAP FEIA. An unsupervised hierarchical agglomerative clustering method was applied within PFS population.PFS was observed in 300/1271 children (24%). Cluster analysis identified five PFS endotypes linked to panallergen IgE sensitization: (i) cosensitization to 2 panallergens (multi-panallergen PFS); (ii-iv) sensitization to either profilin, or nsLTP, or PR-10 (mono-panallergen PFS); (v) no sensitization to panallergens (no-panallergen PFS). These endotypes showed peculiar characteristics: (i) multi-panallergen PFS: severe disease with frequent allergic comorbidities and multiple offending foods; (ii) profilin PFS: oral allergy syndrome (OAS) triggered by Cucurbitaceae; (iii) LTP PFS: living in Southern Italy, OAS triggered by hazelnut and peanut; (iv) PR-10 PFS: OAS triggered by Rosaceae; and (v) no-panallergen PFS: mild disease and OAS triggered by kiwifruit.In a Mediterranean country characterized by multiple pollen exposures, PFS is a complex and frequent complication of childhood SAR, with five distinct endotypes marked by peculiar profiles of IgE sensitization to panallergens. Prospective studies in cohorts of patients with PFS are now required to test whether this novel classification may be useful for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes in the clinical practice.


Pagani M.,Allergology and Oncology Service Asola Hospital | Venemalm L.,Phadia Diagnostics | Bonnadona P.,Allergology Service | Vescovi P.P.,Allergology and Oncology Service Asola Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2012

Carboplatin, a second-generation platinum compound, is a chemotherapeutic drug effective in many types of cancers. Its use is limited by the development of systemic allergic reactions in up to 30% of the cancer patients. Therefore, it is very important to make a correct diagnosis of true carboplatin allergy, for the crucial clinical implications. In this regard, no biological test is actually available to detect specific immunoglobulin E in the sera of patients allergic to carboplatin. We evaluated a new experimental biological test in patients with suspected immunoglobulin E-mediated reactions to carboplatin. Three patients with suspected hypersensitivity reactions to carboplatin underwent skin tests with an undiluted aliquot (10 mg/ml) of carboplatin preparation planned for infusion. Total serum immunoglobulin E and specific immunoglobulin E to the two platinum salts carboplatin and cisplatin were determined with the ImmunoCAP system (Phadia AB, Uppsala, Sweden). We detected specific immunoglobulin E to carboplatin in all three patients, whereas specific immunoglobulin E to cisplatin was observed in one patient. The positivity of specific immunoglobulin E against carboplatin in these three patients is a new and encouraging observation for the development of a new important instrument that can help clinicians in their therapeutic decisions, after a hypersensitivity reaction to a platinum salt.


PubMed | Allergology Service
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International archives of allergy and immunology | Year: 2015

Little is known about the prevalence and clinical relevance of hypersensitivity to the plant panallergen profilin in children.The present study aimed to investigate prevalence, risk factors and clinical relevance of profilin sensitization in a large cohort of Italian children of different ages living in different geographic areas.Children with pollen allergy enrolled by 16 pediatric outpatient clinics sited in three main geographic areas of Italy were studied. SPT were carried out with commercial pollen extracts and a commercial purified date palm pollen profilin. IgE specific for allergenic pollen molecules, Phl p 12 (grass profilin) and Pru p 3 (peach lipid transfer protein) were tested by ImmunoCAP FEIA.IgE to Phl p 12 (0.35 kU/l) was observed in 296 of the 1,271 participants (23%), including 17 of the 108 (16%) preschool children. Profilin SPT was positive (3 mm) in 320/1,271 (25%) participants. The two diagnostic methods were concordant in 1,151 (91%, p < 0.0001) cases. Phl p 12 IgE prevalence declined from northern to southern Italy and was directly associated with IgE to Phl p 1 and/or Phl p 5 and Ole e 1. Among children with IgE to Phl p 12, OAS was provoked by kiwi, melon, watermelon, banana, apricot and cucumber.Profilin sensitization is very frequent among pollen-allergic children, occurs at a very young age and contributes to the development of childhood OAS with a typical pattern of offending foods. Pediatricians should always consider IgE sensitization to profilin while examining pollen-allergic children, even if they are at preschool age.

Loading Allergology Service collaborators
Loading Allergology Service collaborators