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Columbia, SC, United States

Allen University is a private, coeducational historically Black university located in Columbia, South Carolina, United States. Allen University has over 600 students and still serves a predominantly Black constituency. It is experiencing financial troubles and has been placed on "warning status" by its regional accreditor the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. Wikipedia.

Wilcox S.,University of South Carolina | Parrott A.,7th Episcopal District of the African Methodist Episcopal Church | Baruth M.,University of South Carolina | Laken M.,Medical University of South Carolina | And 8 more authors.
American Journal of Preventive Medicine | Year: 2013

Background: Faith-based interventions hold promise for promoting health in ethnic minority populations. To date, however, few of these interventions have used a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach, have targeted both physical activity and healthy eating, and have focused on structural changes in the church. Purpose: To report the results of a group randomized CBPR intervention targeting physical activity and healthy eating in African-American churches. Design: Group RCT. Data were collected from 2007 to 2011. Statistical analyses were conducted in 2012. Setting/participants: Seventy-four African Methodist Episcopal (AME) churches in South Carolina and 1257 members within them participated in the study. Intervention: Churches were randomized to an immediate (intervention) or delayed (control) 15-month intervention that targeted organizational and environmental changes consistent with the structural ecologic model. A CBPR approach guided intervention development. Intervention churches attended a full-day committee training and a full-day cook training. They also received a stipend and 15 months of mailings and technical assistance calls to support intervention implementation. Main outcome measures: Primary outcomes were self-reported moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA), self-reported fruit and vegetable consumption, and measured blood pressure. Secondary outcomes were self-reported fat- and fiber-related behaviors. Measurements were taken at baseline and 15 months. Intent-to-treat repeated measures ANOVA tested group X time interactions, controlling for church clustering, wave, and size, and participant age, gender, and education. Post hoc ANCOVAs were conducted with measurement completers. Results: There was a significant effect favoring the intervention group in self-reported leisure-time MVPA (d=0.18, p=0.02), but no effect for other outcomes. ANCOVA analyses showed an intervention effect for self-reported leisure-time MVPA (d=0.17, p=0.03) and self-reported fruit and vegetable consumption (d=0.17, p=0.03). Trainings were evaluated very positively (training evaluation item means of 4.2-4.8 on a 5-point scale). Conclusions: This faith-based structural intervention using a CBPR framework showed small but significant increases in self-reported leisure-time MVPA. This program has potential for broad-based dissemination and reach. Trial registration: This study is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov NCT00379925. © 2013 American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Source

Hossain D.,Allen University | Pittman C.U.,Mississippi State University | Gwaltney S.R.,Mississippi State University
Journal of Inorganic and Organometallic Polymers and Materials | Year: 2014

The structures and stabilities of a series of endohedral gold clusters containing ten gold atoms M@Au10 (M = W, Mo, Ru, Co) have been determined using density functional theory. The gradient-corrected functional BP86, the Tao-Perdew-Staroverov-Scuseria TPSS meta-GGA functional, and the hybrid density functionals B3LYP and PBE1PBE were employed to calculate the structures, binding energies, adiabatic ionization potentials, and adiabatic electron affinities for these clusters. The LanL2DZ effective core potentials and the corresponding valence basis sets were employed. The M@Au10 (M = W, Mo, Ru, Co) clusters have higher binding energies than an empty Au10 cluster. In addition, the large HOMO–LUMO gaps suggest that the M@Au10 (M = W, Mo, Ru, Co) clusters are all likely to be stable chemically. The ionization potentials and electron affinities for these clusters are very high, and the W@Au10 and Mo@Au10 clusters have electron affinities similar to the super-halogen Al13. © 2013, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

Vargas R.I.,U.S. Department of Agriculture | Pinero J.C.,Allen University | Leblanc L.,University of Hawaii at Manoa
Insects | Year: 2015

Fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) are among the most economically important pest species in the world, attacking a wide range of fruits and fleshy vegetables throughout tropical and sub-tropical areas. These species are such devastating crop pests that major control and eradication programs have been developed in various parts of the world to combat them. The array of control methods includes insecticide sprays to foliage and soil, bait-sprays, male annihilation techniques, releases of sterilized flies and parasitoids, and cultural controls. During the twenty first century there has been a trend to move away from control with organophosphate insecticides (e.g., malathion, diazinon, and naled) and towards reduced risk insecticide treatments. In this article we present an overview of 73 pest species in the genus Bactrocera, examine recent developments of reduced risk technologies for their control and explore Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Programs that integrate multiple components to manage these pests in tropical and sub-tropical areas. © 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Source

Wilcox S.,University of South Carolina | Laken M.,Medical University of South Carolina | Parrott A.W.,7th Episcopal District of the AME Church | Condrasky M.,Clemson University | And 5 more authors.
Contemporary Clinical Trials | Year: 2010

Background: African Americans are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease and cancer morbidity and mortality. Physical activity and healthy dietary practices can reduce this risk. The church is a promising setting to address health disparities, and community-based participatory research is a preferred approach. Objectives: Using a community-based participatory approach and the social ecologic model, the FAN trial aims to increase self-reported moderate-intensity physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption and reduce blood pressure in African American church members. Secondary aims are to increase objectively measured moderate-intensity physical activity and fiber/whole grain consumption and reduce fat consumption. Design: FAN is a group randomized trial (GRT) with two levels of clustering: participants (N = 1279; n = 316 accelerometer subgroup) within church and church within church cluster. In the first wave, seven clusters including 23 churches were randomized to an immediate intervention or delayed intervention. In subsequent waves, 51 churches were randomized to an immediate or delayed intervention. Methods: Church committee members, pastors, and cooks participate in full-day trainings to learn how to implement physical activity and dietary changes in the church. Monthly mailings and technical assistance calls are delivered over the 15-month intervention. Members complete measurements at baseline and 15 months. A detailed process evaluation is included. Summary: FAN focuses on modifying the social, cultural, and policy environment in a faith-based setting. The use of a community-based participatory research approach, engagement of church leaders, inclusion of a detailed process evaluation, and a formal plan for sustainability and dissemination make FAN unique. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Jimenez-Lopez J.C.,CSIC - Experimental Station of El Zaidin | Jimenez-Lopez J.C.,Purdue University | Gachomo E.W.,Purdue University | Ariyo O.A.,Allen University | And 2 more authors.
Molecular Biology Reports | Year: 2012

Selected members of plant pathogenesis-related and seed storage proteins represent specific groups of proteins with potential characteristics of allergens. Efforts to understand the mechanism by which pathogenesis-related proteins mediate a broad cross-reactivity in pollen-plant food allergens are still limited. In this study, computational biology approach was used to reveal specific structural implications and conservation of different epitopes from members of Bet v 1 and nsLTP protein families mediating cross-reactivity between pollen and food (fruits, vegetables, legumes, and nut/seeds) allergens. A commonly shared epitope conservation was found among all pollen and food Bet v 1 and nsLTP protein families, respectively. However, other allergenic epitopes were also specifically detected in each family. The implication of these conserved epitopes in a broad cross-reactivity for allergy clinical trials is here discussed. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source

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